Meaning of ERROR in English


transcription, транскрипция: [ ˈer-ər, ˈe-rər ]


Etymology: Middle English errour, from Anglo-French, from Latin error, from errare

Date: 13th century


a. : an act or condition of ignorant or imprudent deviation from a code of behavior

b. : an act involving an unintentional deviation from truth or accuracy

made an error in adding up the bill

c. : an act that through ignorance, deficiency, or accident departs from or fails to achieve what should be done

an error in judgment


(1) : a defensive misplay other than a wild pitch or passed ball made by a baseball player when normal play would have resulted in an out or prevented an advance by a base runner

(2) : the failure of a player (as in tennis) to make a successful return of a ball during play

d. : a mistake in the proceedings of a court of record in matters of law or of fact


a. : the quality or state of erring

the map is in error

b. Christian Science : illusion about the nature of reality that is the cause of human suffering : the contradiction of truth

c. : an instance of false belief

3. : something produced by mistake

a typographical error

especially : a postage stamp exhibiting a consistent flaw (as a wrong color) in its manufacture


a. : the difference between an observed or calculated value and a true value ; specifically : variation in measurements, calculations, or observations of a quantity due to mistakes or to uncontrollable factors

b. : the amount of deviation from a standard or specification

5. : a deficiency or imperfection in structure or function

an error of metabolism

• er·ror·less -ləs adjective


error , mistake , blunder , slip , lapse mean a departure from what is true, right, or proper. error suggests the existence of a standard or guide and a straying from the right course through failure to make effective use of this

procedural errors

mistake implies misconception or inadvertence and usually expresses less criticism than error

dialed the wrong number by mistake

blunder regularly imputes stupidity or ignorance as a cause and connotes some degree of blame

diplomatic blunders

slip stresses inadvertence or accident and applies especially to trivial but embarrassing mistakes

a slip of the tongue

lapse stresses forgetfulness, weakness, or inattention as a cause

a lapse in judgment

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.