Meaning of EXCESS in English

EXCESS

I. ik-ˈses, ˈek-ˌ noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French or Late Latin; Anglo-French exces, from Late Latin excessus, from Latin, departure, projection, from excedere to exceed

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : the state or an instance of surpassing usual, proper, or specified limits : superfluity

b. : the amount or degree by which one thing or quantity exceeds another

an excess of 10 bushels

2. : undue or immoderate indulgence : intemperance ; also : an act or instance of intemperance

prevent excess es and abuses by newly created local powers — Albert Shanker

- in excess of

II. adjective

Date: 15th century

: more than the usual, proper, or specified amount

III. transitive verb

Date: 1971

: to eliminate the position of

excess ed several teachers because of budget cutbacks

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.