Meaning of EXCESS in English

EXCESS

n. /ik ses", ek"ses/ ; adj. , v. /ek"ses, ik ses"/ , n.

1. the fact of exceeding something else in amount or degree: His strength is in excess of yours.

2. the amount or degree by which one thing exceeds another: The bill showed an excess of several hundred dollars over the estimate.

3. an extreme or excessive amount or degree; superabundance: to have an excess of energy.

4. a going beyond what is regarded as customary or proper: to talk to excess.

5. immoderate indulgence; intemperance in eating, drinking, etc.

adj.

6. more than or above what is necessary, usual, or specified; extra: a charge for excess baggage; excess profits.

v.t.

7. to dismiss, demote, transfer, or furlough (an employee), esp. as part of a mass layoff.

[ 1350-1400; ME (n. and adj.) excessus departure, digression, equiv. to exced-, var. s. of excedere to EXCEED + -tus suffix of v. action ]

Syn. 3. surplus.

Ant. 3. lack, deficiency.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .