Meaning of TRIAL in English

TRIAL

I. ˈtrī(-ə)l noun

Etymology: Anglo-French, from trier to try

Date: 15th century

1.

a. : the action or process of trying or putting to the proof : test

b. : a preliminary contest (as in a sport)

2. : the formal examination before a competent tribunal of the matter in issue in a civil or criminal cause in order to determine such issue

3. : a test of faith, patience, or stamina through subjection to suffering or temptation ; broadly : a source of vexation or annoyance

4.

a. : a tryout or experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness — compare clinical trial

b. : one of a number of repetitions of an experiment

5. : attempt

II. adjective

Date: 1555

1. : of, relating to, or used in a trial

2. : made or done as a test or experiment

3. : used or tried out in a test or experiment

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.