Meaning of EXERCISE in English

EXERCISE

I.

noun

1 use of the body to keep healthy

ADJECTIVE

▪ good , healthy

▪ hard , heavy , high-intensity ( esp. AmE ), intense , strenuous , vigorous

▪ gentle , light , moderate

Try to do fifteen minutes of gentle ~ every day.

▪ regular

▪ daily , morning

▪ adequate

▪ aerobic , cardiovascular , weight-bearing

Weight-bearing ~ increases the health of bones.

▪ endurance

▪ mental , physical

▪ outdoor

VERB + EXERCISE

▪ do , get , take ( BrE )

John never does any ~.

Do you take enough ~?

▪ need

▪ recommend

The doctor recommended regular ~.

EXERCISE + NOUN

▪ programme/program , regime , regimen ( esp. AmE ), routine

▪ session

▪ class

▪ ball , bike , equipment , machine

▪ mat

▪ room ( esp. AmE )

▪ video

PREPOSITION

▪ during ~

Stop frequently to rest during ~ until you are fitter.

PHRASES

▪ a form of ~ , a kind of ~ , a type of ~

▪ lack of ~

Lack of ~ is a risk factor in heart disease.

2 set of movements/activities

ADJECTIVE

▪ great

This is a great ~ for the upper back.

▪ basic , simple

▪ warm-up

▪ breathing , relaxation , strengthening , stretching

▪ chest , leg , etc.

▪ daily , morning

He began his daily ~s.

▪ mental , physical

Mental ~s can help older people to sustain their mental abilities.

▪ floor

Combine yoga with stretching and floor ~s.

▪ group

… OF EXERCISES

▪ series , set

VERB + EXERCISE

▪ do , execute ( AmE ), perform

Remember to do your breathing ~s every day.

You may find it helpful to perform this ~ in front of the mirror.

▪ try

I did try some basic relaxation ~s.

▪ repeat

▪ recommend

She recommends the following ~s to increase circulation.

3 set of questions

ADJECTIVE

▪ easy , simple

▪ difficult , hard

▪ practical , written

▪ interactive

▪ practice

▪ comprehension , grammar , listening , translation , writing

… OF EXERCISES

▪ series , set

VERB + EXERCISE

▪ do

▪ try

Ask your students to try this ~ before the next class.

▪ complete

You will complete these ~s for homework.

▪ practise/practice

Practise/Practice the following ~ at least twice a day.

▪ give sb

▪ create

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ in

an ~ in translation

4 use of a power/a right/a quality

ADJECTIVE

▪ effective

the effective ~ of power by the government

▪ free

the free ~ of informed choice

▪ legitimate , proper

▪ improper ( law , esp. BrE )

an improper ~ of a discretionary power

VERB + EXERCISE

▪ limit , regulate ( law )

▪ justify

PHRASES

▪ the ~ of authority , the ~ of power

to limit the ~ of political power

▪ the ~ of discretion

5 for a particular result

ADJECTIVE

▪ simple , straightforward

▪ major , massive ( esp. BrE )

The Government instituted a massive ~ in social control.

▪ successful

▪ fascinating , interesting , useful , valuable , worthwhile

▪ arbitrary , cosmetic , cynical , empty , fruitless , futile , pointless

In the end it proved a pointless ~.

▪ academic , intellectual , mental , paper ( esp. BrE ), practical , technical , theoretical

This is not a purely academic ~: it should have a real impact on the way we work.

▪ costly , expensive

▪ political

The whole consultation process was just a cynical political ~.

▪ consultation ( BrE )

▪ cost-cutting , damage-limitation , marketing , propaganda , public relations (abbreviated to PR ) (all esp. BrE )

▪ evaluation

▪ role-playing , team-building

We run team-building ~s with employees at each office.

VERB + EXERCISE

▪ carry out , conduct , perform

The company has just carried out a major cost-cutting ~.

▪ embark on , mount (both BrE )

Before embarking on any ~, you should conduct a cost-benefit analysis.

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ in

The seminar was a valuable ~ in information exchange.

PHRASES

▪ the aim of the ~ , the object of the ~

The object of the ~ is to increase public awareness of environmental issues.

6 for soldiers/police

ADJECTIVE

▪ major

▪ field , field-training ( AmE ), training

We were out on a field ~.

▪ live-fire ( AmE )

▪ tactical

▪ joint

US forces took part in joint ~s with the British Navy.

▪ military , naval

VERB + EXERCISE

▪ conduct , do , execute ( AmE ), take part in

We have conducted training ~s in seven separate states.

▪ complete

They recently completed a four-week ~ in Poland.

PREPOSITION

▪ on ~

Half the regiment was away on ~.

II.

verb

ADVERB

▪ effectively , properly ( esp. BrE )

▪ fully

the conditions necessary to fully ~ these rights

▪ lawfully

▪ freely

the right to freely ~ your religion

VERB + EXERCISE

▪ be able to , be unable to

They found themselves unable to ~ influence and maintain independence.

▪ be free to

Managers are free to ~ their discretion in these cases.

▪ have the right to

They have the right to ~ self-determination.

▪ choose to

Each of us has a vote—if we choose to ~ it.

▪ be necessary to , need to

It is necessary to ~ caution when making recommendations.

▪ continue to

The all-powerful steering committee continued to ~ control.

▪ fail to

The company's representative failed to ~ due care.

Exercise is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ authority , ↑ autonomy , ↑ care , ↑ caution , ↑ choice , ↑ clout , ↑ common sense , ↑ control , ↑ diplomacy , ↑ discipline , ↑ discretion , ↑ franchise , ↑ freedom , ↑ imagination , ↑ influence , ↑ judgement , ↑ jurisdiction , ↑ leadership , ↑ mind , ↑ monopoly , ↑ muscle , ↑ option , ↑ patience , ↑ power , ↑ prerogative , ↑ privilege , ↑ responsibility , ↑ restraint , ↑ right , ↑ self-control , ↑ skill , ↑ sovereignty , ↑ supervision , ↑ tact , ↑ taste , ↑ trade , ↑ veto , ↑ vigilance , ↑ will

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .