Meaning of STROKE in English

STROKE

I.

noun

1 of a brush, pen, etc.

ADJECTIVE

▪ long , short

▪ broad ( often figurative ), thick

I will outline in broad ~s our main ideas.

▪ narrow , thin

▪ bold , vigorous

She caught his likeness with a few bold pen ~s.

▪ even

▪ deft

▪ quick , slow

▪ downward , upward

▪ horizontal , vertical

▪ brush (usually brushstroke ) , pen , pencil

PHRASES

▪ with a ~ of the pen

With a ~ of the pen our names were removed from the register.

2 in sports

ADJECTIVE

▪ fast , quick

▪ slow , smooth

▪ powerful

The Romanian rowers pulled ahead with powerful ~s.

▪ backhand , forehand (in tennis, etc.)

▪ downward , upward

VERB + STROKE

▪ play

He played some powerful backhand ~s throughout the game.

PREPOSITION

▪ by a ~, two ~s, etc. (in golf)

Woods leads by two ~s.

PHRASES

▪ a ~, two ~s, etc. ahead , a ~, two ~s, etc. behind (in golf)

3 in swimming

ADJECTIVE

▪ swim ( AmE ), swimming

▪ long , short

He swam back with long, slow ~s.

▪ fast , slow

▪ powerful , strong

VERB + STROKE

▪ do , swim

You can't swim more than four ~s before you reach the other side.

4 sudden illness of the brain

ADJECTIVE

▪ acute , crippling , debilitating , disabling ( esp. BrE ), massive , serious

▪ mild , minor , slight

▪ fatal , non-fatal

▪ recurrent

This regimen substantially reduces the risks of recurrent ~.

VERB + STROKE

▪ have , suffer

She had a massive ~ and lost her speech.

STROKE + VERB

▪ leave sb … 

The ~ left him in a wheelchair.

STROKE + NOUN

▪ patient , survivor , victim

▪ prevention

5 sth that happens unexpectedly

ADJECTIVE

▪ sudden

I had a sudden ~ of inspiration.

VERB + STROKE

▪ have

PREPOSITION

▪ at a ~ , at one ~

They lost half their fortune at a ~.

▪ ~ of

a ~ of genius

PHRASES

▪ a ~ of bad luck , a ~ of fortune , a ~ of good fortune , a ~ of good luck , a ~ of luck

◆◆◆

NOTE: Swimming strokes

▪ do (the) …  , swim (the) … 

a swimmer doing the crawl

I can't swim butterfly.

▪ strike out in/with … 

She struck out for the shore with a strong crawl.

▪ a lap of …  ( AmE ), a length of … 

He did 15 lengths of backstroke every morning.

▪ 100 metres/meters …  , 200 metres/meters …  , etc.

the 100 metres/meters butterfly

▪ men's …  , women's … 

the women's freestyle

▪ compete in …  , take part in …  ( esp. BrE )

They're competing in the breaststroke.

▪ in the … 

He came first in the 200 metres/meters backstroke.

II.

verb

ADVERB

▪ gently , lightly , slowly , softly , tenderly

▪ thoughtfully

He ~d his beard thoughtfully.

▪ absently , absent-mindedly , idly

She ~d his hair absently.

▪ away , back (both esp. BrE )

She gently ~d away his tears.

He ~d back his hair.

Stroke is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑ hand

Stroke is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ back , ↑ beard , ↑ cat , ↑ cheek , ↑ chin , ↑ dog , ↑ ego , ↑ hair , ↑ key , ↑ mane , ↑ moustache , ↑ penis

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .