Meaning of BLOW in English

BLOW

/ bləʊ; NAmE bloʊ/ verb , noun , exclamation

■ verb

( blew / bluː; NAmE / blown / bləʊn; NAmE bloʊn/

HELP NOTE : In sense 13 blowed is used for the past participle.

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FROM MOUTH

1.

[+ adv. / prep. ] to send out air from the mouth :

[ v ]

You're not blowing hard enough!

The policeman asked me to blow into the breathalyser.

[ vn ]

He drew on his cigarette and blew out a stream of smoke.

OF WIND

2.

when the wind or a current of air blows , it is moving; when it blows , the wind is blowing :

[ v , often + adv. / prep. ]

A cold wind blew from the east.

It was blowing hard.

[ vn ]

It was blowing a gale (= there was a strong wind) .

MOVE WITH WIND / BREATH

3.

[+ adv. / prep. ] to be moved by the wind, sb's breath, etc.; to move sth in this way :

[ v ]

My hat blew off.

[ v - adj ]

The door blew open.

[ vn ]

I was almost blown over by the wind.

She blew the dust off the book.

The ship was blown onto the rocks.

[also vn - adj ]

WHISTLE / INSTRUMENT

4.

if you blow a whistle, musical instrument, etc. or if a whistle, etc. blows , you produce a sound by blowing into the whistle, etc. :

[ vn ]

The referee blew his whistle.

[ v ]

the sound of trumpets blowing

YOUR NOSE

5.

[ vn ] blow your nose to clear your nose by blowing strongly through it into a handkerchief

A KISS

6.

[ vn , vnn ] blow (sb) a kiss to kiss your hand and then pretend to blow the kiss towards sb

SHAPE STH

7.

[ vn ] to make or shape sth by blowing :

to blow smoke rings

to blow bubbles (= for example, by blowing onto a thin layer of water mixed with soap)

to blow glass (= to send a current of air into melted glass to shape it)

ELECTRICITY

8.

[ v , vn ] if a fuse blows or you blow a fuse , the electricity stops flowing suddenly because the fuse (= a thin wire) has melted because the current was too strong

WITH EXPLOSIVES

9.

[ vn ] to break sth open with explosives :

The safe had been blown by the thieves.

SECRET

10.

[ vn ] ( informal ) to make known sth that was secret :

One mistake could blow your cover (= make your real name, job, intentions, etc. known) .

MONEY

11.

[ vn ] blow sth (on sth) ( informal ) to spend or waste a lot of money on sth :

He inherited over a million dollars and blew it all on drink and gambling.

OPPORTUNITY

12.

[ vn ] ( informal ) to waste an opportunity :

She blew her chances by arriving late for the interview.

You had your chance and you blew it .

EXCLAMATION

13.

[ vn ] ( BrE , informal ) used to show that you are annoyed, surprised or do not care about sth :

Blow it! We've missed the bus.

Well, blow me down! I never thought I'd see you again.

I'm blowed if I'm going to (= I certainly will not) let him treat you like that.

Let's take a taxi and blow (= never mind) the expense.

LEAVE SUDDENLY

14.

( NAmE , slang ) to leave a place suddenly :

[ vn ]

Let's blow this joint.

[also v ]

IDIOMS

- blow your / sb's brains out

- blow chunks

- blow a fuse

- blow the gaff (on sb/sth)

- blow hot and cold (about sth)

- blow sb/sth out of the water

- blow your mind

- blow your own trumpet

- blow your top

- blow up in sb's face

- blow the whistle on sb/sth

—see also whistle-blower

IDIOMS

see cobweb , ill adjective , lark noun , lid , puff verb , sock noun , way noun

PHRASAL VERBS

- blow sb away

- blow in | blow into sth

- blow sb off

- blow out

- blow itself out

- blow sb out

- blow sth out

- blow over

- blow up

- blow sth up

- blow up (at sb)

■ noun

1.

a hard hit with the hand, a weapon, etc. :

She received a severe blow on the head.

He was knocked out by a single blow to the head.

The two men were exchanging blows .

He landed a blow on Hill's nose.

2.

blow (to sb/sth) a sudden event which has damaging effects on sb/sth, causing sadness or disappointment :

Losing his job came as a terrible blow to him.

It was a shattering blow to her pride.

—see also body blow

3.

the action of blowing :

Give your nose a good blow (= clear it completely) .

IDIOMS

- a blow-by-blow account, description, etc. (of sth)

- come to blows (over sth)

- soften / cushion the blow

—more at deal verb , strike verb

■ exclamation

( old-fashioned , BrE ) used to show that you are annoyed about sth :

Blow! I completely forgot it.

••

WORD ORIGIN

verb Old English blāwan , of Germanic origin; related to German blähen blow up, swell, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin flare blow.

noun late Middle English : of unknown origin.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.