Meaning of PICTURE in English

PICTURE

/ ˈpɪktʃə(r); NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

PAINTING / DRAWING

1.

[ C ] a painting or drawing, etc. that shows a scene, a person or thing :

A picture of flowers hung on the wall.

The children were drawing pictures of their pets.

She wanted a famous artist to paint her picture (= a picture of herself) .

a book with lots of pictures in it

PHOTOGRAPH

2.

[ C ] a photograph :

We had our picture taken in front of the hotel.

The picture shows the couple together on their yacht.

Have you got any pictures of your trip?

➡ note at photograph

ON TV

3.

[ C ] an image on a television screen :

harrowing television pictures of the famine

satellite pictures

The picture isn't very clear tonight.

DESCRIPTION

4.

[ C , usually sing. ] a description that gives you an idea in your mind of what sth is like :

The writer paints a gloomy picture of the economy.

The police are trying to build up a picture of what happened.

MENTAL IMAGE

5.

[ C , usually sing. ] a mental image or memory of sth :

I have a vivid picture of my grandfather smiling down at me when I was very small.

GENERAL SITUATION

6.

the picture [ sing. ] the general situation concerning sb/sth :

Just a few years ago the picture was very different.

The overall picture for farming is encouraging.

MOVIES

7.

[ C ] a film / movie :

The movie won nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture.

( especially NAmE )

I believe her husband's in pictures (= he acts in movies or works in the industry) .

—see also motion picture

8.

the pictures [ pl. ] ( old-fashioned , informal ) the cinema / the movies :

Shall we go to the pictures tonight?

IDIOMS

- be / look a picture

- be the picture of health / guilt / misery, etc.

- get the picture

- in / out of the picture

- put / keep sb in the picture

—more at big adjective , paint verb , pretty adjective

■ verb

IMAGINE

1.

picture sb (as sth) to imagine sb/sth; to create an image of sb/sth in your mind :

[ vn ]

I can still picture the house I grew up in.

We found it hard to picture him as the father of teenage sons.

[ vn -ing ]

When he did not come home she pictured him lying dead on the roadside somewhere.

[ v wh- ]

I tried to picture what it would be like to live alone.

➡ note at imagine

DESCRIBE

2.

[ vn ] [ often passive ] picture sb/sth as sth to describe or present sb/sth in a particular way

SYN portray :

Before the trial Liz had been pictured as a frail woman dominated by her husband.

SHOW IN PHOTOGRAPH

3.

[ usually passive ] to show sb/sth in a photograph or picture :

[ vn ]

She is pictured here with her parents.

[ vn -ing ]

The team is pictured setting off on their European tour.

[also vn - adj ]

••

SYNONYMS

picture

drawing ♦ painting ♦ portrait ♦ illustration ♦ sketch ♦ image

These are all words for a scene, person or thing that has been represented on paper by drawing, painting, etc.

picture

a scene, person or thing that has been represented on paper using a pencil, a pen or paint:

The children were drawing pictures of their pets.

drawing

a picture that has been made using a pencil or pen, not paint:

a pencil / charcoal drawing

painting

a picture that has been made using paint:

a collection of paintings by American artists

portrait

a painting, drawing or photograph of a person, especially of the head and shoulders:

Vermeer's 'Portrait of the artist in his studio'

a self-portrait (= a painting that you do of yourself)

illustration

a picture in a book or magazine, especially one that shows or explains sth:

See illustration on p.166.

sketch

a simple picture that is drawn quickly and does not have many details:

I usually do a few very rough sketches before I start on a painting.

image

a copy of sb/sth in the form of a picture or statue:

Images of deer and hunters decorate the cave walls.

picture or image?

An image can be a statue; a picture is always two-dimensional (= flat) . A picture can show a scene; an image is always of a person or thing. Image is more formal and much less frequent.

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : from Latin pictura , from pict- painted (from the verb pingere ).

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.