Meaning of REACH in English

REACH

I. ˈrēch verb

( reached ˈrēcht ; or dialect retch ˈrech ; or dialect chiefly British raught ˈrȯ(ḵ)t ; or dialect chiefly British rought “ ; reached or dialect chiefly British raught or dialect chiefly British rought ; reaching ; reaches )

Etymology: Middle English rechen (past raughte, rechede, past participle raught, yraught, reched, yreched ), from Old English rǣcan (past rǣhte, past participle gerǣht ); akin to Old High German reichen to reach, Old Norse reik parting of hair, Lithuanian ráižytis to stretch oneself repeatedly

transitive verb

1.

a.

(1) : to stretch out : extend

reached out his hand to her

(2) : to put forth

a tree that reaches its branches over the wall

b. : thrust

reached his sword up and touched the mark

c. archaic

(1) : to strike, hit, or touch with a weapon

(2) : to aim or deliver (a blow) by stretching out the hand : deal

a sudden punch which he reached at the nose of his lordship — Henry Brooke

2.

a. obsolete : to get possession of especially by or as if by seizing and making off with

the hand of death hath raught him — Shakespeare

b.

(1) : to succeed in touching or grasping by or as if by stretching out the hand or some other part of the body or some other object

the shelf was too high for the little boy to reach it

probed about in the darkness with his foot and at last reached the bottom step

could not reach the bullet with the probe

(2) archaic : snatch

(3) : to pick up and draw toward one : take

reached a cup from the shelf

reached down his hat

c.

(1) : to stretch out as far as : extend to

by evening the shadow of the tree reached the wall

(2) : to arrive at : get up to or as far as : come to

can reach the gate by following this path

your letter has reached me

her voice was not strong enough to reach everyone in the auditorium

has reached middle age

: go as far as

has reached a new height of absurdity

a book that has now reached its third edition

: attain

spent his whole life trying to reach happiness

think we can reach an understanding by further discussion

(3) : to penetrate to

a telescope that reaches remote points in space

the news reached every part of the world

(4) : to succeed in getting or obtaining : acquire

reaching a profound knowledge of the subject

d.

(1) : to stretch out to and affect : cover , embrace

a situation that the law certainly reaches

(2) : to get into contact with (as intellectually or emotionally) and so influence

was not sure how she could reach a person with a background like that

: make an impression on

(3) : to get in touch with (as by correspondence, publication) : communicate with

reached him by phone at the office

you can reach me by addressing your letters to New York

could reach a vast audience with such a magazine

3. dialect chiefly England : to cause (as a piece of leather) to be stretched

4. : to take hold of and give : pass : hand over

reach me the catsup

5. archaic : to succeed in understanding : comprehend

some double sense that I reach not — P.B.Shelley

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to make a stretch (as in proceeding to grasp, touch, strike) in some direction with or as if with one's hand or some other part of the body : stretch out

reached for some money

stood on tiptoe and reached toward the book on the top shelf

reached for the stone with his foot

b.

(1) : to make a stretch of a particular length or extent

does not dare to reach after fame

(2) : to strain after something : make efforts

reaching above our nature does no good — John Dryden

2.

a. : to undergo continuous extension : become drawn out : project , extend

his land reaches to the river

power that reaches to every corner of the country

b. : to get up to or as far as something : arrive at something : come to something : penetrate , carry

the forest stretched as far as the eye could reach

3. dialect chiefly England : to become stretched : undergo stretching

4. : to sail on a reach

Synonyms:

gain , compass , achieve , attain : reach may be used in reference to any goal, point, or end arrived at

our team reached the finals

the wheat crop reached 500,000 tons

the automobile reached a speed of 120 miles per hour

the life boat reached land in the morning

Pictured Rocks, where the coloration reaches its greatest intensity — American Guide Series: Michigan

gain often but not always implies coming to a desired goal, vantage point, or advantage through effort or struggle

to gain the championship

gaining the presidency

gaining distinction by his research

gaining prestige

gaining success in his field

he gained the confidence of the mountain people by his understanding and sympathetic approach — F.T.Persons

compass may suggest gaining an end as by skillful resolution, crafty encirclement, circumvention, or extension

compassing almost equally with verse man's thought however sublime, his emotion however profound — A.T.Quiller-Couch

he certainly managed to compass the hardest thing that a man who has drunk heavily can do. He took his peg and wine at dinner; but he never drank alone, and never let what he drank have the least hold on him — Rudyard Kipling

achieve may imply skill, courage, persistence, or endurance in struggle or quest

in twenty-five years of unremitting toil, he had achieved a distinguished position — R.J.Wickenden

man will want consciously and desperately to achieve the consolation and create the beauty we have always called literature — C.F.Strauch

attain sometimes suggests a reaching to the extreme, the difficult, the unusual

an object, in its own nature so really and undeniably good, as to be the compensation of a great deal of thought in the compassing, and a great deal of trouble in the attaining — J.H.Newman

men had attained the stratosphere — Waldemar Kaempffert

its refinement of detail and subtle proportions, which attain an almost monumental quality — American Guide Series: Maine

II. noun

( -es )

1.

a.

(1) : the action or an act of reaching

made a reach for the nearest one

(2) : a single movement : an individual part of a progression or journey

arriving at the post after three reaches

b.

(1) : the particular distance or extent of reaching

if the shelf is lowered, a long reach won't be necessary

(2) : the particular distance over which or the extent to which one can reach

has a remarkable reach

this is within your reach

c. : power of comprehension or range of knowledge or thought

a mind of vast reach

2.

a. : a continuous unbroken stretch or expanse: as

(1) : an extended portion of water or land

(2) : a straight portion of a stream or river

(3) : a level stretch of water between locks in a canal

(4) : an arm of the sea extending up into the land

(5) : promontory

b. : a limited distance : a measured part

the narrow stairwell turned back upon itself in a succession of niggard reaches — William Faulkner

3. obsolete : design , scheme , plan

4.

a. : a bearing shaft or a coupling pole ; especially : the pole or rod joining the hind axle to the forward bolster of a wagon

b. : the sum of the hoist and the minimum distance between the hooks of a pulley tackle

c. : the length of the threaded portion of a bolt or spark plug

5. : the tack sailed by a ship with the wind coming just forward of the beam or with the wind directly abeam or abaft the beam

Synonyms: see range

III. verb

( -ed/-ing/-es )

Etymology: probably from (assumed) Middle English rechen, from Old English hrǣcan; akin to Old English hrāca phlegm from the throat, Old Norse hrāki spittle, hrækja to hawk, spit, Lithuanian krėgéti to grunt, Latin crepare to crack, creak, break — more at raven

1. dialect chiefly England

a. : spit

b. : hawk

2. dialect chiefly England

a. : vomit

b. : retch

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.