Meaning of PART in English
/pahrt/ , n.
1. a portion or division of a whole that is separate or distinct; piece, fragment, fraction, or section; constituent: the rear part of the house; to glue the two parts together.
2. an essential or integral attribute or quality: a sense of humor is part of a healthy personality.
3. a section or division of a literary work.
4. a portion, member, or organ of an animal body.
5. any of a number of more or less equal quantities that compose a whole or into which a whole is divided: Use two parts sugar to one part cocoa.
6. an allotted portion; share.
7. Usually, parts .
a. a region, quarter, or district: a journey to foreign parts.
b. a quality or attribute establishing the possessor as a person of importance or superior worth: Being both a diplomat and a successful businesswoman, she is widely regarded as a woman of parts.
8. either of the opposing sides in a contest, question, agreement, etc.
9. the dividing line formed in separating the hair of the head and combing it in different directions.
10. a constituent piece of a machine or tool either included at the time of manufacture or set in place as a replacement for the original piece.
a. the written or printed matter extracted from the score that a single performer or section uses in the performance of concerted music: a horn part.
b. a section or division of a composition: the allegro part of the first movement.
12. participation, interest, or concern in something; role: The neighbors must have had some part in planning the surprise party.
13. a person's share in or contribution to some action; duty, function, or office: You must do your part if we're to finish by tonight.
14. a character or role acted in a play or sustained in real life.
15. for one's part , as far as concerns one: For my part, you can do whatever you please.
16. for the most part , with respect to the greatest part; on the whole; generally; usually; mostly: They are good students, for the most part.
17. in good part ,
a. without offense; in a good-natured manner; amiably: She was able to take teasing in good part.
b. to a great extent; largely: His success is in good part ascribable to dogged determination.
18. in part , in some measure or degree; to some extent; partly; partially: The crop failure was due in part to unusual weather conditions.
19. on the part of ,
a. so far as pertains to or concerns one: He expressed appreciation on the part of himself and his colleagues.
b. as done or manifested by: attention on the part of the audience. Also, on one's part .
20. part and parcel , an essential, necessary, or integral part: Her love for her child was part and parcel of her life.
21. take part , to participate; share or partake: They refused to take part in any of the activities of the community.
22. take someone's part , to align oneself with; support; defend: His parents took his part, even though he was obviously in the wrong.
23. to divide (a thing) into parts; break; cleave; divide.
24. to comb (the hair) away from a dividing line.
25. to divide into shares; distribute in parts; apportion.
26. to put or keep apart; separate: They parted the calves from the herd.
a. to separate (silver) from gold in refining.
b. to cut (one part) away from a piece, as an end from a billet.
c. to keep the surface of (a casting) separate from the sand of the mold.
28. Obs. to leave.
29. to be or become divided into parts; break or cleave: The oil tanker parted amidships.
30. to go or come apart; separate, as two or more things.
31. to go apart from or leave one another, as persons: We'll part no more.
32. to be or become separated from something else (usually fol. by from ).
33. Naut. to break or become torn apart, as a cable.
34. to depart.
35. to die.
36. part company ,
a. to bid farewell or go separate ways; leave one another.
b. to dissolve a personal affiliation, relationship, etc., esp. because of irreconcilable differences.
c. to disagree.
37. part with , to give up (property, control, etc.); relinquish: to part with one's money.
38. partial; of a part: part owner.
39. in part; partly: part black.
[ bef. 1000; (n.) ME ( part- (s. of pars ) piece, portion; (v.) ME parten partir partire, deriv. of pars ]
Syn. 1. component, ingredient, division, sector. PART, PIECE, PORTION, SEGMENT, SECTION, FRACTION, FRAGMENT refer to something that is less than the whole. PART is the general word: part of a house. A PIECE suggests a part which is itself a complete unit or it may mean an irregular fragment: a piece of pie; a piece of a broken vase. A PORTION is a part allotted or assigned to a person, purpose, etc.: a portion of food. A SEGMENT is often a part into which something separates naturally: a segment of an orange.
SECTION suggests a relatively substantial, clearly separate part that fits closely with other parts to form a whole: a section of a fishing rod, a book. FRACTION suggests a less substantial but still clearly delimited part, often separate from other parts: a fraction of his former income. FRAGMENT suggests a broken, inconsequential, incomplete part, with irregular or imprecise outlines or boundaries: a fragment of broken pottery, of information. 6. apportionment, lot. 13. responsibility. 26. sever, sunder, dissociate, disconnect, disjoin, detach.
Ant. 1. whole. 23. join.
Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary. Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House . 2012