Meaning of TRANSLATION in English
— translational , adj. — translationally , adv.
/trans lay"sheuhn, tranz-/ , n.
1. the rendering of something into another language or into one's own from another language.
2. a version of such a rendering: a new translation of Plato.
3. change or conversion to another form, appearance, etc.; transformation: a swift translation of thought into action.
4. the act or process of translating.
5. the state of being translated.
6. Mech. motion in which all particles of a body move with the same velocity along parallel paths.
7. Telegraphy. the retransmitting or forwarding of a message, as by relay.
a. a function obtained from a given function by adding the same constant to each value of the variable of the given function and moving the graph of the function a constant distance to the right or left.
b. a transformation in which every point of a geometric figure is moved the same distance in the same direction.
9. Genetics. the process by which a messenger RNA molecule specifies the linear sequence of amino acids on a ribosome for protein synthesis. Cf. genetic code .
[ 1300-50; translation- (s. of translatio ) a transferring, equiv. to translat ( us ) (see TRANSLATE) + -ion- -ION; r. ME translacioun ]
Syn. 2. TRANSLATION, PARAPHRASE, VERSION refer to a rewording of something. A TRANSLATION is a rendering of the same ideas in a different language from the original: a translation from Greek into English. A PARAPHRASE is a free rendering of the sense of a passage in other words, usually in the same language: a paraphrase of a poem. A VERSION is a translation, esp. of the Bible, or else an account of something illustrating a particular point of view: the Douay Version.
Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary. Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House . 2012