Meaning of TRANSLATION in English


— translational , adj. — translationally , adv.

/trans lay"sheuhn, tranz-/ , n.

1. the rendering of something into another language or into one's own from another language.

2. a version of such a rendering: a new translation of Plato.

3. change or conversion to another form, appearance, etc.; transformation: a swift translation of thought into action.

4. the act or process of translating.

5. the state of being translated.

6. Mech. motion in which all particles of a body move with the same velocity along parallel paths.

7. Telegraphy. the retransmitting or forwarding of a message, as by relay.

8. Math.

a. a function obtained from a given function by adding the same constant to each value of the variable of the given function and moving the graph of the function a constant distance to the right or left.

b. a transformation in which every point of a geometric figure is moved the same distance in the same direction.

9. Genetics. the process by which a messenger RNA molecule specifies the linear sequence of amino acids on a ribosome for protein synthesis. Cf. genetic code .

[ 1300-50; translation- (s. of translatio ) a transferring, equiv. to translat ( us ) (see TRANSLATE) + -ion- -ION; r. ME translacioun ]

Syn. 2. TRANSLATION, PARAPHRASE, VERSION refer to a rewording of something. A TRANSLATION is a rendering of the same ideas in a different language from the original: a translation from Greek into English. A PARAPHRASE is a free rendering of the sense of a passage in other words, usually in the same language: a paraphrase of a poem. A VERSION is a translation, esp. of the Bible, or else an account of something illustrating a particular point of view: the Douay Version.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .