Meaning of WATER in English

WATER

INDEX:

1. water

2. when a lot of water covers a place that is usually dry

3. a continuous movement of water

4. to supply farmland, plants etc with water

5. to add water to another liquid

6. living in water

7. something that does not let water pass through it

RELATED WORDS

float : ↑ ON/ON TOP OF

see also

↑ LIQUID

↑ WET

↑ POUR

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1. water

▷ water /ˈwɔːtəʳǁˈwɔː-, ˈwɑː-/ [uncountable noun]

▪ Could I have a glass of water, please?

▪ Humans can’t survive for more than a few days without water.

▪ This reservoir supplies water to half of Los Angeles.

shallow/deep water

▪ Stone fish lie on the ocean bed, often in shallow water.

rain/sea water

▪ Some of the bacteria are found in rivers, lakes, mud, and even rain water.

▪ Never drink sea water.

running water

water that is flowing or that comes out of taps

▪ As we got deeper into the forest we could hear the sound of running water.

▪ All the rooms in the hotel have hot and cold running water.

water shortage

when there is not much water available

▪ By the end of the hot summer of '76, there was a serious water shortage.

water level

the level of water in rivers, the sea etc, which rises and falls

▪ The water level of the River Thames has risen 14" in the past few days.

water content

how much water there is in something

▪ Condensed milk is produced by removing about 50% of the water content of whole milk.

▷ moisture /ˈmɔɪstʃəʳ/ [uncountable noun]

the amount of wetness in something, especially in the earth or in the air, caused by the presence of water :

▪ In the summer, temperatures rose to 90 or 100 degrees, and the air was constantly heavy with moisture.

▪ Moisture is essential for keeping your skin fresh and youthful.

moisture content

how much moisture there is in something

▪ Nearby ditches and walls affect the moisture content of the soil.

2. when a lot of water covers a place that is usually dry

▷ flood /flʌd/ [countable noun]

very large amounts of water covering an area of land or filling a building, caused by heavy rains and usually causing serious damage :

▪ Last winter, the town suffered the worst floods for fifty years.

▪ There has been an extensive programme of restorations in Venice since the 1966 flood.

flood damage

▪ Yosemite National Park is restricting access to the Park in order to cope with the flood damage.

flood water/waters

▪ Helicopters continued to search for others who had climbed trees to escape from the flood waters.

flood plain

the area of land near a river that floods

▪ the wide flood plains of the River Nile

▷ flooding /ˈflʌdɪŋ/ [uncountable noun]

a situation in which an area of land or part of a building is covered with water, for example as a result of heavy rain or burst water pipes :

▪ Parts of the harbour wall collapsed, causing serious flooding in the town.

▪ The government is to receive £200,000 in emergency European Community aid, to help victims of the flooding.

▷ deluge /ˈdeljuːdʒ/ [countable noun usually singular] written

a situation in which an area of land is covered with very large amounts of water as a result of heavy rain :

▪ Many homes in Jakarta were flooded in the Indonesian capital’s worst deluge for years.

▷ flood /flʌd/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

if a river floods, or heavy rain, snow etc floods an area of land, it causes the land to become covered with very large amounts of water :

▪ Three major rivers have already flooded, and two more are on red alert.

▪ After two days of continuous rain, the village was flooded.

▪ Melting snow floods the valleys each spring.

flooded [adjective]

▪ Emergency officials will tour flooded areas to assess the extent of the damage.

3. a continuous movement of water

▷ current /ˈkʌrəntǁˈkɜːr-/ [countable noun]

a continuous movement of water in a particular direction in the sea or in a river :

▪ The currents in these parts could carry a boat miles out to sea.

a strong current

▪ It’s dangerous to swim in the sea here because the current is so strong.

river/ocean/sea currents

▪ The tiny young drift on the ocean currents, until a few are lucky enough to land in a suitable place and begin a new life.

▷ torrent /ˈtɒrəntǁˈtɔː-, ˈtɑː-/ [countable noun]

a large amount of water that moves quickly and strongly in a particular direction :

▪ The river occasionally becomes a torrent after a downpour, and may even cause flooding.

torrent of water

▪ A torrent of water flowed down the street.

raging torrent

very violent torrent

▪ After five days of heavy rain the Telle River was a raging torrent.

in torrents

▪ There was no shelter anywhere and the rain was coming down in torrents.

torrential /təˈrenʃ ə l/ [adjective]

torrential rain

▪ Torrential rain and gale-force storms left many coastal roads impassable.

4. to supply farmland, plants etc with water

▷ water /ˈwɔːtəʳǁˈwɔː-, ˈwɑː-/ [transitive verb]

to pour water on plants, crops, or grass in order to make them grow :

▪ Would you mind watering my plants while I’m away?

▪ During the drought, residents were barred from watering their gardens, or washing their cars.

▪ Many farmers use low-flying aircraft to water their crops.

▷ irrigate /ˈɪrɪgeɪt, ˈɪrəgeɪt/ [transitive verb]

to provide a regular supply of water to large areas of land, in order to grow crops there, for example by using a system of pipes or long holes in the ground :

▪ The stored water is then used to irrigate nearby agricultural land.

▪ A system of channels carries water down from the mountains to irrigate the soil.

irrigation /ˌɪrɪˈgeɪʃ ə n, ˌɪrəˈgeɪʃ ə n/ [uncountable noun]

▪ methods of irrigation

5. to add water to another liquid

▷ dilute /ˌdaɪˈluːt/ [transitive verb]

to add a liquid, especially water, to another liquid in order to make it weaker or thinner :

▪ Pour a little of the antiseptic into a bowl and dilute it before bathing the cut.

dilute with

▪ To make citron pressé, dilute fresh lemon juice with water and add sugar.

▪ Continue diluting the tomato sauce with red wine, according to taste.

diluted [adjective]

▪ Try giving the baby diluted fruit juice fruit juice diluted with water

▪ once or twice a day.

▷ water down /ˌwɔːtəʳ ˈdaʊn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to add water to another liquid, in order to make it weaker or to increase the amount - use this especially to show disapproval :

▪ I’m sure they water down the tomato ketchup at school.

water something down

▪ You’ll find the paint drips everywhere if you water it down too much.

▪ It’s a very good whisky. Much too good to water down.

watered-down [adjective]

▪ They served us some disgusting watered-down wine.

6. living in water

▷ aquatic /əˈkwætɪk, əˈkwɒ-ǁəˈkwæ-, əˈkwɑː-/ [adjective] formal

an aquatic animal or plant lives or grows in water :

▪ These fish are particularly fond of vegetable foods, and will usually eat tender aquatic plants.

▪ The hippopotamus is semi-aquatic lives partly in water and partly on the land .

▪ Unfortunately, fertilizers from surrounding farmland have reduced the aquatic life.

▷ amphibious /æmˈfɪbiəs/ [adjective]

animals that are amphibious are able to live both in water and on land :

▪ Most species of frogs are amphibious.

▪ Dinosaurs were probably the first ancestors of amphibious reptiles and fish.

7. something that does not let water pass through it

▷ waterproof /ˈwɔːtəʳpruːfǁˈwɔː-, ˈwɑː-/ [adjective]

something such as a container or material that is waterproof does not let water pass through it :

▪ A warm, waterproof jacket is the first thing you need for mountain walking.

▪ The Gore-tex fabric manages to be completely waterproof, and yet allows body moisture to escape.

▪ a waterproof watch

▷ watertight /ˈwɔːtəʳtaɪtǁˈwɔː-, ˈwɑː-/ [adjective]

something such as a box or roof that is watertight does not let water pass through it so that what is inside does not get wet :

▪ The cameras had been stored in watertight containers.

▪ Most wooden ships were watertight in harbour, but they all leaked when they got out to sea.

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