Meaning of WATER in English

WATER

I. ˈwȯ]d.ə(r), ˈwä], ]tə(r)\ noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English wæter; akin to Old High German wazzar water, Old Norse vatn, Gothic wato water, Latin unda wave, Greek hydōr water, Sanskrit udan

1.

a. : the liquid that descends from the clouds as rain, forms streams, lakes, and seas, issues from the ground in springs, and is a major constituent of all living matter and that when pure consists of an oxide of hydrogen H 2 O or (H 2 O) x in the proportion of 2 atoms of hydrogen to one atom of oxygen and is an odorless, tasteless, very slightly compressible liquid which appears bluish in thick layers, freezes at 0° C and boils at 100° C, has a maximum density at 4° C and a high specific heat, contains very small equal concentrations of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions, reacts neutrally, and constitutes a poor conductor of electricity, a good ionizing agent, and a good solvent — compare heavy water , ice , steam , water vapor

b.

(1) : a natural mineral water — usually used in plural

drank the waters for rheumatism

(2) archaic : a place (as a spa) purveying such waters for remedial purposes : watering place

2. : a particular quantity or mass of water: as

a. : a portion of water to drink

brought her water in a silver cup

b.

(1) waters plural : the water occupying or flowing in a particular bed

the limpid waters of a mountain brook

(2) chiefly Britain : a body of still fresh water : lake , pond , pool

(3) chiefly Scotland : stream , river ; also : land abutting a stream : the bank of a stream

c. : a portion of water for a particular use — usually used in plural

wash the greens in three waters

d. : a quantity or depth of water adequate for some purpose (as navigation)

a boat drawing three feet of water

there is water for trout

e. waters plural

(1) : a band of seawater abutting on the land of a particular sovereignty and under the control of that sovereignty : the marine territorial waters of a state

an invasion of British waters

(2) : the sea of a particular part of the earth

the fleet was in eastern waters

f. : a water supply

threatened to turn off the water

our water was from springs

3. : a means of transport on water or travel or transportation by such

we went by water

they came by air but sent their heavy baggage by water

4. : the level of water at a particular state of the tide : tide

waiting for low water

high water was at six o'clock

5. : any of various liquid preparations containing or resembling water: as

a.

(1) : a liquid (as a pharmaceutical or cosmetic preparation) prepared (as by solution or infusion) with water — compare florida water , lavender water , toilet water

(2) : a watery solution of a gaseous or readily volatile substance — compare ammonia water , camphor water

b. archaic : a distilled fluid (as an essence) ; especially : a distilled alcoholic liquor

c. obsolete : a strong acid ; especially : nitric acid

6. : a liquid (as a secretion, effusion, or humor) formed in or circulating in a living body: as

a. : tears

a blow that brought the water to his eyes

b. : urine

passed a bloody water

c. : a plant juice or other plant fluid ; especially : coconut milk

d. : saliva

the smell of fresh bread brought the water to his mouth

e. : amniotic fluid

a dry birth with little water

— usually used with the and in plural

after the waters broke the labor was brief

7.

a. : the limpidity and luster of a precious stone and especially a diamond

a diamond of the first water is perfectly clear and transparent

— compare river 3

b. : an indicated and usually exceptional degree of some quality (as excellence or villainy)

a fool of the purest water

c. : a wavy lustrous pattern (as of a textile or metal surface)

a shimmering water played along the supple blade

8. : watercolor ; especially : a picture done in watercolor

9.

a. : capital stock not representing assets of the issuing company and not backed by earning power

b. : fictitious or exaggerated asset entries (as for goodwill or other intangibles or for mining claims or other speculative or undeveloped assets) that give a stock an unrealistic book value

- above water

- in smooth water

- on the water

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English wateren, from Old English wæterian, from wæter, n.

transitive verb

1. : to wet or supply with water or watery fluid : moisten, sprinkle, or soak with water : overflow with water : irrigate

water flowers

rain watering the soil

with tears watering the ground — John Milton

2. : to supply (as an army or ship) with water for drink : cause or allow to drink : give drink to or lead to a stream of water or other drinking place

water cattle and horses

3. : to supply water to (as through the soil)

land or vegetation watered by the Missouri

: supply (as a boiler or engine) with water

4. archaic : to embrace within a surrounding or protecting stream, moat, or body of water

a city watered about

5. : to treat with or as if with water: as

a. obsolete : to soak in water (as for softening, macerating, or freshening)

b. : to sprinkle or drench so as to impregnate with water or a solution

c. : to impart a lustrous appearance and wavy pattern to (cloth) by calendering

d. : to spray or sprinkle (as a roadway) with water to lay dust

e. : to flood (as a ship in a lock) with water at the base for lifting

6.

a. : to make dilute by or as if by the addition of water

watering the wine to make it last

— sometimes used with down

b. : to reduce by addition or change usually so as to weaken in force or efficacy : temper or soften in pungency, vigor, or positiveness — usually used with down

watered down his remarks

took care to water his radicalism down in public

c.

(1) : to cause (oysters) to swell by soaking in water

(2) : to cause (livestock) to put on specious weight by salting and watering heavily before marketing

d. : to add to the aggregate par value of (stock or other securities) without a corresponding addition to the assets represented by the security

intransitive verb

1. : to form or secrete water or watery matter: as

a. : to produce or shed tears

eyes watering from the smoke

b. : to secrete or become filled with saliva usually in anticipation of food

mouths watered as we waited for dinner

2. : to get or take water: as

a. : to take on a supply of water

the boat docked to water

b. : to drink water : take a drink of water — usually used of lower animals

lions watering at dusk

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.