Meaning of CHARGE in English

CHARGE

I. ˈchärj noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger

Date: 13th century

1.

a. obsolete : a material load or weight

b. : a figure borne on a heraldic field

2.

a. : the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold

b. : the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge

c. : a store or accumulation of impelling force

the deeply emotional charge of the drama

d. : a definite quantity of electricity ; especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body

e. : thrill , kick

got a charge out of the game

3.

a. : obligation , requirement

b. : management , supervision

has charge of the home office

c. : the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (as a parish) committed to a clergyman

d. : a person or thing committed to the care of another

4.

a. : instruction , command

b. : instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury

5.

a. : expense , cost

gave the banquet at his own charge

b. : the price demanded for something

no admission charge

c. : a debit to an account

the purchase was a charge

d. : the record of a loan (as of a book from a library)

e. British : an interest in property granted as security for a loan

6.

a. : a formal assertion of illegality

a charge of murder

b. : a statement of complaint or hostile criticism

denied the charge s of nepotism that were leveled against him

7.

a.

(1) : a violent rush forward (as to attack)

the charge of the brigade

(2) : the signal for attack

sound the charge

b. : a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (as basketball)

- in charge

II. verb

( charged ; charg·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1.

a. archaic : to lay or put a load on or in : load

b.

(1) : to place a charge (as of powder) in

(2) : to load or fill to capacity

c.

(1) : to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge

(2) : to give an electric charge to

charge a capacitor

d.

(1) : to assume as a heraldic bearing

(2) : to place a heraldic bearing on

e. : to fill or furnish fully

the music is charged with excitement

f. : electrify 2

the crowd was charged by her performance

2.

a. : to impose a task or responsibility on

charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place

b. : to command, instruct, or exhort with authority

I charge you not to go

c. of a judge : to give a charge to (a jury)

3.

a. : to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame

charge s him with armed robbery

they were charged as being instigators

b. : to place the guilt or blame for

charge her failure to negligence

c. : to assert as an accusation

charge s that he distorted the data

4.

a. : to bring (a weapon) into position for attack : level

charge a lance

b. : to rush against : attack ; also : to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports

5.

a.

(1) : to impose a financial burden on

charge his estate with debts incurred

(2) : to impose or record as financial obligation

charge debts to an estate

b.

(1) : to fix or ask as fee or payment

charge s $50 for an office visit

(2) : to ask payment of (a person)

charge a client for expenses

c. : to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability

charged a new sofa

intransitive verb

1. : to rush forward in or as if in assault : attack ; also : to charge an opponent in sports

2. : to ask or set a price

do you charge for this service?

3. : to charge an item to an account

charge now, pay later

Synonyms: see command

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.