Meaning of CHARGE in English

CHARGE

I. ˈchärj, ˈchȧj verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English chargen, from Old French chargier, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car

transitive verb

1.

a. archaic

(1) : to put a load on or in

horses charged with heavy burdens

(2) : to place as a load

directing the servants … to charge the Saratoga trunk upon the dickey — R.L.Stevenson

b.

(1) obsolete : to place too heavy a burden on : overload

(2) : to weigh down with a heavy burden (as of guilt, sickness, or expense)

his spirit was charged with sorrow

(3) : emphasize , exaggerate ; especially : to render more striking (a detail in a work of art)

charge a line by reinforcing with black

c.

(1) : to place a charge (as of materials to be treated or consumed) in

charge the magazine with three rounds

: load or fill to capacity or up to the required amount

charge a blast furnace with ore

(2) : to impart an electric charge to

(3) : to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge

(4) : to load (a charge) into something

granulated cork is charged into suitable molds and heat is applied — G.B.Cooke

(5) : to fill or load (as a brush or pen) with pigment or ink

(6) : to fill (as a fire hose) with water under pressure

(7) : embed

charge abrasive grains in a metal disk for grinding

d.

(1) : to assume as a heraldic bearing

he charges three roses or

(2) : to place a heraldic bearing on

he charges his shield with three roses or

e.

(1) : to fill full : furnish fully

a brain charged with fancies

especially : to fill with a particular mood, tone, or spirit

charges the air with its cosmopolitan sense of freedom — Harry Levin

(2) : to cause to be mixed or saturated : impregnate

warehouses chargeing the air with odors of spice and coffee

2.

a.

(1) : to impose a particular duty or task on : entrust with a responsibility, duty, or task

chairman specifically charged with leading the board — G.B.Hurff

(2) : to entrust with the care, custody, or management of something or someone

I charge myself with him … I will take care of him — Charles Dickens

b. : to command or exhort with authority

Badoglio was charged by the king to form a new cabinet — Sir Winston Churchill

: urge earnestly

I charge thee be not thou more grieved than I am — Shakespeare

c. of a judge : to give a charge to (a jury)

3.

a. : to bring an accusation against : call to account : blame

charged him as the instigator of the disorder

b. : to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame for an offense or wrong : accuse — used with with

reluctant to charge a dead man with an offense from which he could not clear himself — Edith Wharton

c. : to place the blame or guilt for (a fault or wrongdoing) — now usually used with to

he charged the fiasco to overconfidence

d. : to assert as an accusation

charged that the … line would tend to become a monopoly — Current Biography

4.

a. : to bring (a weapon) to a position suited for attack : level

charge a lance

b. : to drive upon, rush against, or bear down upon rapidly and violently

charge an enemy position

the car charged the bank and broke through the fence

5.

a.

(1) : to impose a pecuniary burden on

charge his estate with any debts incurred

(2) : to impose or record as a pecuniary obligation

charge debts to an estate

b.

(1) : to fix or ask (a sum) as a fee or payment

charge $10 for his services

(2) : to ask payment of (a person)

charge a client for expenses

— often used with a double object

charge a student $50 for meals

c.

(1) : to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability — usually used with to or against

charge a purchase to a customer

charge a library book to a borrower

charge a mistake against a person

(2) : to record a debt, obligation, or liability against

charge your account with the goods ordered

charge a person with a book borrowed from a library

charge a fielder with an error

(3) : to enter on the debit side of an account

charge a sum against income for depreciation

charge rent and phone bill to administration

intransitive verb

1. : to drive or rush violently forward typically in attack

the cavalry charged to the flank

came charging through the door, wearing a baseball mitt on one hand — Jean Stafford

2. : to ask or set a price

charge high for goods

: ask payment

he doesn't charge at all for it

3. of a judge : to give a charge to the jury

4. of a dog : to lie down with head on forepaws

Synonyms: see accuse , ascribe , burden , command , rush

- charge to capital

- charge to revenue

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French, from chargier, v.

1.

a. obsolete : a material load or weight

b. : a figure borne on a heraldic field : bearing

c. : a plaster or ointment used on a domestic animal

d.

(1) : the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge

a cartridge with a powder charge of 70 grains

an artillery shell with an explosive bursting charge

a charge of dynamite under the stump

(2) : the powder and shot in a cartridge

e. : the quantity of material to be used or consumed that is loaded at one time into an apparatus or that a mechanism is intended to receive in any single operation

the charge of chemicals in a fire extinguisher

the charge of mixed fuel and air in the cylinder of a gas engine

the charge of coal placed in a coal-gas retort

f.

(1) : electric charge

(2) : the quantity of electricity that a storage battery is capable of yielding expressed usually in ampere-hours

(3) : the process of charging a storage battery

g.

(1) : a store or accumulation of force (as emotion, excitement, or affective power)

poetry with an emotional charge , deeply felt and communicated to the reader

: impelling especially emotional force : drive

a man with a high emotional charge

(2) : cathexis 2

(3) slang : a strong feeling of amusement, pleasure, or excitement : kick

the children got a big charge out of the clown

h. : the abrasive powder or grains in the surface of a lap used for grinding, polishing, or sawing

2. obsolete : consequence , importance

this army of such mass and charge — Shakespeare

3.

a. : something that one is obligated for : a duty or task laid upon one : obligation

to maintain this readiness … is … a first charge upon our military effort — Sir Winston Churchill

b. : control of the acts, workings, or disposition of something : management , supervision

he assumed full charge of the business

: care , custody

remained under his uncle's charge during his minority

c. : the parish, church, district, or congregations regularly served by a clergyman

d. : a person or thing committed or entrusted to the care, custody, management, or support of another

nursemaids sunning their charges by the sea — D.G.Gerahty

he entered the poorhouse, becoming a county charge

4.

a. : instruction , command , order , injunction

he gave them charge about the queen to guard and foster her forevermore — Alfred Tennyson

b. : a formal address containing instruction or exhortation: as

(1) : an official address of instruction by a senior church official to his clergy or upon the ordination of a minister

(2) : an instruction given by the court to the jury in order to govern their action in coming to or making their decision ; specifically : the statement made by the judge to the jury at the close of a trial of the principles of law that the latter are bound to apply to the facts as determined by them in deciding upon their verdict

5.

a. : expenditure or incurred expense

living at the charge of his brother

as

(1) : payment of costs : money paid out

(2) : a pecuniary liability (as rents or taxes) against property, a person, or an organization

charges upon the estate

smoking has become … a fixed charge on the expenditures of every family — Morris Fishbein

— often used in plural

b. : the price demanded for a thing or service

a 10-cent admission charge

— often used in plural

reverse the charges for a telephone call

c. : a debit to an account

a charge to expense account

: an entry in an account of what is due from one party to another

a charge to a customer's account

: something that is debited

the purchase was a charge

d. : the record of a loan (as of a book from a library)

6.

a. : an accusation of a wrong or offense : allegation , indictment

arrested on the charge of bribery

b. : a statement of complaint or hostile criticism

the charge that earned incomes are based upon no principle of equity

7.

a. of a weapon : a position of readiness for attack

pikes held in charge

b.

(1) : a violent and impetuous rush toward or upon some person or object

the lion's charge carried him past the antelope

specifically : an attack with the intent of closing with an enemy

a tank charge

— compare assault I 2

(2) : the signal for attack

the bugle sounds the charge

c. : a lunge used chiefly in gymnastics in which the trunk and stationary leg form a straight line

- in charge

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.