Meaning of OUT in English

OUT

I. |au̇t, usu |au̇d.+V adverb

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English ūt; akin to Old High German ūz out, Old Norse & Gothic ūt out, Latin us que continually, Greek hy bris wantonness, arrogance, insolence, hys teros latter, Sanskrit ud, ut up, out; basic meaning: up, out

1.

a. : in a direction away from a particular point or place

started out from home

looked out across the valley

b. : away from one's own country or part of the world : abroad

went out for a short visit and stayed for five years

was sent out as ambassador at a critical time

c. : away from a particular place, region, or country

said the current storm … would move out by tonight — Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily News

left the river with their captives and struck out overland — I.B.Richman

d. : away from one's own control or possession

lent out his money on mortgages

gave out the manuscript to be typed

e. : away from one's usual place of residence, practice, or business

dines out once a week

goes out every evening

out to lunch

f. : in a direction away from the shore

the tide is going out

they rowed out to the ship

g. : away from a job or task

took time out for a cigarette

2.

a.

(1) : out of the usual or proper place or position

threw his shoulder out

laughing his sides out

the time has been that, when the brains were out , the man would die — Shakespeare

(2) : out of the necessary or expected place or position

left out two lines

left out the most important part of his argument

b. : away from or contrary to one's normal or usual state of mind or manner of behavior

greatly put out by the bad news

the two friends fell out over a trivial matter

c. : beyond the usual or proper limits

the edge of the house juts out over the cliff

the point of the nail sticks out

his shirttails hang out

d. : so as to protrude or stick out

out at elbows

out at the knees

e. : at odds

he is out with his friend over a girl

f. : out of pocket

by the end of the evening, he was $20 out

g. : not in accord with the facts

this story is ludicrously out in its geography — B.R.Elliott

the introductory note … by an error in arithmetic, is out by twenty years — Times Literary Supplement

h. : not in agreement

the trial balance was out $10

3.

a.

(1) : in or into the open : out of an enclosed space (as a building or container)

he went out about an hour ago

the whole town turned out to greet him

he took out his wallet

she poured out the tea

(2) : out of a place or position tenaciously held to

drag him out

smoke him out

crowd him out

(3) : out of a situation or place felt to be confining or unendurable

tried to break out

changed his mind afterward and asked to be let out

b. : into activity, use, or accessibility

war broke out

opened out a new route to the West

the new models are coming out next week

c. : externally

cleaned the house inside and out

d. : in the open : outdoors

it was nice out … with the sky all so blue — J.T.Farrell

it's a lovely day out — James Jones

camp out

e.

(1) : in or into active military service or training

the army was ordered out — Marjory S. Douglas

has been out on maneuvers

(2) : on a journey or expedition

has been out fishing for a week

has been out on a business trip

(3) : in or into active rebellion

he was a bitter rebel, and boasted that his grandfather had been out in '98 — G.B.Shaw

(4) : not at work : on strike

ten thousand or more workers are out — Warner Bloomberg

f. : on the exterior or outer side

insulated the roof to keep the heat out

closed the windows to keep the rain out

g. : to or toward the outside

turned his pockets inside out

went to the window and looked out

h. : out of jail or prison

he's only been out a week, but he's already in trouble

i. : not on the shelf : in circulation

the book you want is out

4.

a. : at or to a distance away from a given point

the nearest school is three miles out

hit the ball 400 feet out

b. : at or to a distance away from land : at sea

when they were three days out , the weather turned fine

an island far out in the ocean

c. : at a relatively far distance

motioned to the shortstop to play out

d. : around the circuit of the first nine holes of a golf course

he went out in 39

5.

a. : from or among a group

sorting operations have selected out certain cards — R.S.Casey & J.W.Perry

b. : into sections or parts

portioned out the meat among the five of them

laid out the day's work for his two assistants

6.

a. : freely , openly

was too frightened to speak out

b. : so as to be audible : aloud

cried out to attract his friend's attention

called out a greeting

c. : in or into print or public circulation

the evening paper isn't out yet

there's a warrant out against him

d. : in or into open view

the moon is out tonight

the sun came out from behind the clouds

e. : in or into leaf, blossom, or fruit

the roses are just out

the apples are starting to come out

f. : in or into society

wear the same clothes and makeup as girls who are already out and go to grown-up parties — Helen Eustis

g. : in an unfurled or extended state

broke out the topsail

7.

a. : to a point of exhaustion or depletion

talked herself out

cried herself out

pumped the well out

the cow is milked out

b. : to a point of completion or satisfaction

might as well have your sleep out — Ellen Glasgow

deeply satisfied, the way you feel when you have had a chance to say your say all out — Dorothy C. Fisher

fight it out on this line if it takes all summer — U.S.Grant

c. : in or into a state of extinction, inactivity, or nonexistence

the fire is out

put out the light

a custom that is going out

a species that is on its way out

d. : to a solution or result

work out the problem in your own way

the addition comes out wrong each time

e. : to a conclusion (as to adulthood or to a predetermined size or weight)

grow out livestock

8.

a. : at an end

before the year is out

now that the summer is out

b. : in or into an insensible or unconscious state

the glassy eyes and vague expression of a man who was … out on his feet — S.H.Adams

after three drinks he was out cold

c. : out of commission : in or into a useless state

only the one plane coming in — actually half a plane — with two of its engines out — Saul Levitt

d.

(1) : so as to retire a batter or batsman or so as to be retired

put him out on three straight pitches

bowled him out

popped out to the infield

(2) : out of participation in a poker pot

count me out

deal me out

(3) : at the winning point of a game (as by having reached or passed the required goal or number of points)

e. : at a stop

the referee called time out

f. — used on a two way radio circuit to indicate the end of a communication with no reply expected

over and out

9.

a. : in an extended manner or to an extended degree

the dog was stretched out on the floor

the last act was terribly drawn out

b. : to the fullest possible extent

decked out in her best clothes

clean out the attic

wipe out the stain

c. : in or into competition or determined effort

out for class president

intends to go out for the football team next year

out to win control of the whole industry

10.

a. : out of office or power

voted out at the next election

turned out by the new commissioner

b. : out of season : no longer in supply

fresh strawberries are out now until next spring

c. : out of vogue or fashion : no longer in request

short skirts are out

d. : out of the question : so as to be eliminated from consideration

these last two proposals seem definitely out — Tom Fitzsimmons

11. — used as an intensive with numerous verbs

bait out the fish lines

sketch out the plans

write out the speech

II. ˈau̇t, usu ˈau̇d.+V verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English outen, from Old English ūtian, from ūt, adverb

transitive verb

1. : to put out : eject from a place, office, or possession : expel

privately kept outed vicars as chaplains — Rose Macaulay

2. archaic : to make public : disclose , reveal

3. : extinguish

the lamplighter went his rounds outing the street lamps — John Bennett

4. : to thrust out : extend

they outed oars and pulled hard — Christopher Morley

5. slang Britain : knock out : render unconscious or kill

6.

a. : to put (a batsman) out in cricket

b. : to eliminate in a sports competition

was outed in a semifinal of the Australian championships — A.B.C.Weekly

7. : to hit (a ball) out of bounds in tennis or squash

intransitive verb

1. : to become known or apparent : become public

truth will out

murder will out

bad blood always outs — Alec Waugh

2. : to go out ; especially : go on an outing or excursion

3. : to hit a tennis ball out of bounds

the Australian outed and lost the game — Sydney (Australia) Morning Herald

- out with

III. |au̇t, usu |au̇d.+V adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from out, adverb

1. : situated or lying on the outside of something : external

the out edge

2. : situated or lying at a distance from a center : outlying

the out islands

the out parts of the settlement

3.

a. : not in power : having no official position or standing

encourage pirating by out unions trying to get in — C.O.Gregory

b. : not having its inning

the out side in cricket

c. : not successful in reaching base

the batter was out at first on a close play

was out trying to steal third

4. : larger than usual

a dress of an out size

5. : directed outward or serving to direct something outward : outgoing

the out train

put the letter in the out basket

IV. (|)au̇t, usu (|)au̇d.+V preposition

Etymology: Middle English, from out, adverb

1.

a. — used as a function word to indicate direction from the inside to the outside

peering out his window at the river — Hugh MacLennan

b. — used as a function word to indicate movement or change of position from the inside to the outside

threw his street clothes and luggage out a window onto the platform — Joseph Wechsberg

put the cat out the door

2. — used as a function word to indicate movement or direction away from a center

drove through the streets of town and out the dark, wooded road to his house — Nathaniel Benchley

lives out Elm Street

— see out of

V. ˈau̇t, usu ˈau̇d.+V noun

( -s )

Etymology: out (I) & out (III)

1. : outside

liking not the inside, locked the out — Lord Byron

the width of the building from out to out

2. : outing

3.

a. : one who is without official position or influence : a member of a party or group that is out of power — usually used in plural

the outs are invariably more emphatic in their advocacy of principles than the ins — C.J.Friedrich

b. out plural : the players in a game (as cricket) who are not having their innings

4. : copy matter (as a word) inadvertently omitted in typesetting

5. : showing

makes a poor out of it when the hub of the house comes down — H.E.Giles

6.

a. : the retiring of a baseball player during his turn at bat

it was the last out of the game

b. : a player so retired

he was an easy out

7. outs plural , Britain : money paid out especially in taxes

8. : an objectionable feature or circumstance : blemish

despite all the improvement, rubber still has a number of bad outs — Williams Haynes & E.A.Hauser

9. : a ball hit out of bounds in tennis or squash

10. : an item that is out of stock

the packing list is noted for changes in quantities and outs — D.F.Sellards

11.

a. : a way of avoiding responsibility or escaping from an embarrassing situation : a face-saving device

a discreet retirement may provide the easy out — Douglass Cater

can sometimes serve as an easy out in cases that might prove to be politically embarrassing — S.K.Padover

b. : a way out of a difficulty : solution

believe the only out for the party is to continue the present system of high, rigid supports on basic farm commodities — W.M.Blair

a possible out for big ships would be their use for mass transportation of tourists — Newsweek

- at outs

VI. transitive verb

: to identify publicly as being such secretly

wanted to out pot smokers

especially : to identify as being a closet homosexual

VII. adjective

1. : not being in vogue or fashion : not in

2. : publicly known or identified as a homosexual

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.