Meaning of STATISTICS: JORDAN in English

STATISTICS: JORDAN

Jordan Official name: Al-Mamlakah al-Urdunniyah al-Hashimiyah (Al-Urdun) (Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan). Form of government: constitutional monarchy with a National Assembly comprising two legislative houses (Senate ; House of Deputies ). Head of state and government: King assisted by Prime Minister. Capital: Amman. Official language: Arabic. Official religion: Islam. Monetary unit: 1 Jordan dinar (JD) = 1,000 fils; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) JD 1.00 = U.S.$1.41 = 0.83. Demography Population (1998): 4,682,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 135.8, persons per sq km 52.4. Urban-rural (1994): urban 78.6%; rural 21.4%. Sex distribution (1994): male 52.15%; female 47.85%. Age breakdown (1994): under 15, 41.4%; 15-29, 31.6%; 30-44, 14.8%; 45-59, 8.0%; 60-74, 3.5%; 75 and over, 0.7%. Population projection: (2000) 5,025,000; (2010) 6,715,000. Doubling time: 23 years. Ethnic composition (1995): Arab 98%, of which Palestinian c. 50%; Circassian 1%; Armenian 1%. Religious affiliation (1995): Sunni Muslim 96.5%; Christian 3.5%. Major cities (1994): Amman 963,490; Az-Zarqa` 344,524; Irbid 208,201; As-Salt 187,014; Ar-Rusayfah 131,130; Al-Mafraq 109,841. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1994): 34.3 (world avg. 25.0). Death rate per 1,000 population (1994): 3.0 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1994): 31.3 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1995): 5.9. Life expectancy at birth (1995): male 64.4 years; female 69.9 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population: n.a. National economy Budget (1996 est.). Revenue: JD 1,777,600,000 (taxes 49.3%, of which sales tax 22.2%, custom duties 12.7%, income and profits taxes 9,8%; nontax 37.7%, of which licenses and fees 13.4%, postal, telegraph, and telephone 10.5%; external aid 12.9%). Expenditures: JD 1,801,100,000 (current 80.5%, of which defense 23.2%, wages and salaries 19.4%; capital construction 19.5%). Public debt (external, outstanding; 1996): U.S.$7,137,000,000. Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1997): tomatoes 474,000, grapes 84,267, olives 82,117, oranges and tangerines 81,204, eggplants 73,500, cucumbers 68,000, cauliflower and cabbage 54,388, wheat 51,000, barley 44,730, lemons and limes 44,259, bananas 38,889; livestock (number of live animals) 2,100,000 sheep, 555,000 goats, 43,000 cattle, 18,000 camels, 78,000 chickens; roundwood (1995) 11,000 cu m; fish catch (1993) 62. Mining and quarrying (1996): phosphate ore 5,360,000; potash 1,800,000. Manufacturing (value added in JD '000; 1994): nonmetallic mineral products, pottery, and china 118,035; chemicals 94,295; food products 78,075; fabricated metal products, except machinery 31,755; refined petroleum 30,458; plastic products 27,181. Construction (1996): 5,471,000 sq m. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 5,075,000,000 (5,075,000,000); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) 14,400 (22,056,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 2,856,000 (3,641,000). Land use (1994): forest 0.8%; pasture 8.9%; agriculture 4.6%; other 85.7%. Tourism (1995): receipts U.S.$696,000,000; expenditures U.S.$420,000,000. Population economically active (1993): total 859,300: activity rate of total population 22.2% (participation rates: over age 15, 43.6%; female 14.0%; unemployed 13.0%). Gross national product (1996): U.S.$7,088,000,000 (U.S.$1,650 per capita). Household income and expenditure. Average household size (1995) 6.1; income per household (1995) JD 4,010 (U.S.$5,725); sources of income (1995): wages and salaries 51.4%, rent and property income 23.8%, transfer payments 13.7%, self-employment 11.1%; expenditure (1992): food and beverages 40.6%, housing and energy 26.9%, transportation 11.2%, clothing and footwear 8.2%, education 3.5%, health care 2.2%. Foreign trade Imports (1996): JD 3,043,556,000 (machinery and transport equipment 26.0%; food and live animals 22.5%; mineral fuels 12.2%; chemicals and chemical products 10.8%; iron and steel 5.2%). Major import sources: Iraq 11.8%; United States 9.7%; Germany 8.0%; Italy 5.9%; France 4.9%. Exports (1996): JD 1,288,171,000 (domestic goods 80.7%, of which chemicals and chemical products 25.7%, phosphate fertilizers 9.9%, potash 9.8%, fruits, vegetables, and nuts 6.4%, machinery and transport equipment 1.9%; reexports 19.3%). Major export destinations{2}: Saudi Arabia 12.5%; Iraq 9.2%; India 7.9%; United Arab Emirates 5.7%; Syria 3.9%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1995): route length 677 km; passenger traffic was negligible; metric ton-km cargo 1,336,000,000{3}. Roads (1995): total length 6,750 km (paved 100%). Vehicles (1995): passenger cars 167,828; trucks and buses 82,516. Merchant marine (1995): vessels (1,000 gross tons and over) 1; total deadweight tonnage 15,794. Air transport (1995){4}: passenger-km 4,394,518,000; metric ton-km cargo 265,226,000; airports (1997) 2. Education and health Educational attainment (1995). Percentage of population age 25 and over having: no formal schooling 31.8%; primary education 34.5%; secondary 13.9%; postsecondary and vocational 8.4%; higher 11.4%. Literacy (1995): percentage of population age 15 and over literate 86.6%; males literate 93.4%; females literate 79.4%. Health (1995): physicians 6,839 (1 per 616 persons); hospital beds 7,440 (1 per 567 persons); (1994) infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births 34.0. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 2,734 (vegetable products 89%, animal products 11%); 111% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1997): 104,050 (army 86.5%, navy 0.6%, air force 12.9%). Military expenditure as percentage of GDP (1995): 7.7% (world 2.8%); per capita expenditure U.S.$117. {1} Appointed by king. {2} Domestic exports only. {3} For Aqaba Railway Corporation only. {4} Royal Jordanian airlines only.

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