Meaning of TOP in English

TOP

transcription, транскрипция: [ tɒp ]

( tops, topping, topped)

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.

1.

The top of something is its highest point or part.

I waited at the top of the stairs.

...the picture at the top of the page...

Bake the biscuits for 20-25 minutes, until the tops are lightly browned.

≠ bottom

N-COUNT : usu the N in sing , oft N of n

Top is also an adjective.

...the top corner of his newspaper.

≠ bottom

ADJ : ADJ n

2.

The top thing or layer in a series of things or layers is the highest one.

I can’t reach the top shelf...

Our new flat was on the top floor...

≠ bottom

ADJ : ADJ n

3.

The top of something such as a bottle, jar, or tube is a cap, lid, or other device that fits or screws onto one end of it.

...the plastic tops from aerosol containers.

...a bottle top.

N-COUNT

4.

The top of a street, garden, bed, or table is the end of it that is farthest away from where you usually enter it or from where you are. ( mainly BRIT )

...a little shop at the top of the street...

He moved to the empty chair at the top of the table.

= end, head

N-SING : the N , oft N of n

Top is also an adjective.

...the hill near the top end of the garden.

...the top corridor of the main building.

ADJ : ADJ n

5.

A top is a piece of clothing that you wear on the upper half of your body, for example a blouse or shirt. ( INFORMAL )

Look at my new top.

N-COUNT

6.

You can use top to indicate that something or someone is at the highest level of a scale or measurement.

The vehicles have a top speed of 80 kilometres per hour.

...a top-ranking Saudi officer.

≠ bottom

ADJ : ADJ n

7.

The top of an organization or career structure is the highest level in it.

We started from the bottom and we had to work our way up to the top.

...his dramatic rise to the top of the military hierarchy.

≠ bottom

N-SING : the N , oft N of n

Top is also an adjective.

I need to have the top people in this company pull together.

ADJ : ADJ n

8.

You can use top to describe the most important or famous people or things in a particular area of work or activity.

The President met this afternoon with his top military advisers...

ADJ : ADJ n

9.

If someone is at the top of a table or league or is the top of the table or league, their performance is better than that of all the other people involved.

The United States will be at the top of the medal table...

Labour was top of the poll with forty-six percent.

≠ bottom

N-SING : the N

Top is also an adjective.

I usually came top in English.

ADJ

10.

You can use top to indicate that something is the first thing you are going to do, because you consider it to be the most important.

Cleaning up the water supply is their top priority...

On arrival, a six-course meal was top of the agenda.

ADJ : oft ADJ of n

11.

You can use top to indicate that someone does a particular thing more times than anyone else or that something is chosen more times than anything else.

He was Italy’s top scorer during the World Cup matches...

ADJ : ADJ n

12.

To top a list means to be mentioned or chosen more times than anyone or anything else. ( JOURNALISM )

It was the first time a Japanese manufacturer had topped the list for imported vehicles...

VERB : V n

13.

If something tops a particular amount, it is larger than that amount. ( JOURNALISM )

Imports topped £10 billion last month...

VERB : V n

14.

If something is topped with something, it has that thing as its highest part.

The holiest of their chapels are topped with gilded roofs...

To serve, top the fish with the cooked leeks.

VERB : be V-ed with/by n , V n with n , also V n

• -topped

...the glass-topped table.

COMB in ADJ

15.

If you top a story, remark, or action, you follow it with a better or more impressive one.

How are you going to top that?

VERB : V n

16.

You can use tops after mentioning a quantity, to say that it is the maximum possible. ( INFORMAL )

The publisher expected the book to sell 1,500 copies, tops...

= max

ADV : num ADV

17.

see also topping

18.

If someone blows their top , they become very angry about something. ( INFORMAL )

He blew his top after airport officials refused to let him on a plane.

PHRASE : V inflects

19.

If a person, organization, or country comes out on top , they are more successful than the others that they have been competing with.

The only way to come out on top is to adopt a different approach.

PHRASE : V inflects

20.

If someone pays top dollar for something, they pay the highest possible price for it. ( INFORMAL )

People will always pay top dollar for something exclusive.

PHRASE : v PHR , PHR n

21.

If you say that you clean, tidy, or examine something from top to bottom , you are emphasizing that you do it completely and thoroughly.

She would clean the house from top to bottom.

PHRASE : PHR after v [ emphasis ]

22.

You can use from top to toe to emphasize that the whole of someone’s body is covered or dressed in a particular thing or type of clothing.

They were sensibly dressed from top to toe in rain gear.

PHRASE : PHR after v [ emphasis ]

23.

When something gets on top of you, it makes you feel unhappy or depressed because it is very difficult or worrying, or because it involves more work than you can manage.

Things have been getting on top of me lately.

PHRASE : V inflects , PHR n

24.

If you say something off the top of your head , you say it without thinking about it much before you speak, especially because you do not have enough time.

It was the best I could think of off the top of my head.

PHRASE : PHR after v , PHR with cl

25.

If one thing is on top of another, it is placed over it or on its highest part.

...the vacuum flask that was resting on top of the stove.

PHRASE : v-link PHR , PHR after v , oft PHR of n

26.

You can use on top or on top of to indicate that a particular problem exists in addition to a number of other problems.

An extra 700 jobs are being cut on top of the 2,000 that were lost last year.

PHRASE

27.

You say that someone is on top when they have reached the most important position in an organization or business.

How does he stay on top, 17 years after becoming foreign minister?

PHRASE : usu v-link PHR

28.

If you are on top of or get on top of something that you are doing, you are dealing with it successfully.

...the government’s inability to get on top of the situation.

PHRASE : V inflects , PHR n

29.

If you say that you feel on top of the world , you are emphasizing that you feel extremely happy and healthy.

Two months before she gave birth to Jason she left work feeling on top of the world.

PHRASE : usu v-link PHR [ emphasis ]

30.

If one thing is over the top of another, it is placed over it so that it is completely covering it.

I have overcome this problem by placing a sheet of polythene over the top of the container...

PHRASE : PHR after v , v-link PHR , oft PHR of n

31.

You describe something as over the top when you think that it is exaggerated, and therefore unacceptable. ( mainly BRIT INFORMAL )

The special effects are a bit over the top but I enjoyed it.

= OTT

PHRASE : usu v-link PHR

32.

If you say something at the top of your voice , you say it very loudly.

‘Stephen!’ shouted Marcia at the top of her voice.

PHRASE : PHR after v

33.

at the top of the heap: see heap

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.