Meaning of CROSS in English

CROSS

I. cross 1 S2 W2 /krɒs $ krɒːs/ BrE AmE verb

1 . GO FROM ONE SIDE TO ANOTHER [intransitive and transitive] to go or stretch from one side of something such as a road, river, room etc to the other

cross to

He crossed to the window.

cross (over) the road/street/river etc

It’s easy to have an accident just crossing the road.

He was hit by a car when he tried to cross over the road near Euston station.

cross the Atlantic/the Channel etc

the first steamship to cross the Atlantic

An old bridge crosses the river.

cross over

She crossed over to sit beside Dot.

2 . CROSS A LINE ETC [transitive] if you cross a line, track etc, you go over and beyond it:

He raised his arms in triumph as he crossed the line for his 100-metres win.

3 . TWO ROADS/LINES ETC [intransitive and transitive] if two or more roads, lines, etc cross, or if one crosses another, they go across each other:

The by-pass crosses Wilton Lane shortly after a roundabout.

4 . LEGS/ARMS/ANKLES [transitive] if you cross your legs, arms, or ↑ ankle s , you put one on top of the other:

She was sitting on the floor with her legs crossed.

5 . cross sb’s mind [usually in negatives] if you say that an idea, thought etc never crossed your mind, you mean that you did not think of it SYN occur to somebody :

It didn’t cross her mind that she might be doing something illegal.

the thought has (never) crossed my mind (=used to tell someone you have thought of the thing they are suggesting, or have never thought of it)

6 . cross sb’s face written if an expression crosses someone’s face, it appears on their face:

A look of surprise crossed her face.

7 . cross your fingers used to say that you hope something will happen in the way you want:

She hung the washing out, then crossed her fingers for a dry day.

The exam’s at two. Will you keep your fingers crossed for me?

8 . BREED OF PLANT/ANIMAL [transitive] to mix two or more different breeds of animal or plant to form a new breed ⇨ crossbreed :

a flower produced by crossing several different varieties

cross something with something

These cattle were crossed with a breed from the highlands.

9 . sb’s paths cross ( also cross paths ) if two people’s paths cross, or if they cross paths, they meet, usually without expecting it:

If our paths crossed I usually ignored her.

We didn’t cross paths again until 2001.

10 . cross that bridge when you come to it used to say that you will not think or worry about something until it actually happens

11 . cross my heart (and hope to die) spoken informal used to say that you promise that you will do something, or that what you are saying is true

12 . MAKE SOMEBODY ANGRY [transitive] to make someone angry by opposing their plans or orders:

He hated anyone who crossed him.

13 . SPORT [intransitive and transitive] to kick, throw, or hit the ball across the playing area in a sport such as football, ↑ hockey etc

14 . CHEQUE [transitive] British English to draw two lines across a cheque to show that it must be paid into the bank account of the person whose name is on it

15 . LETTERS [intransitive] if two letters about the same subject cross in the post, each was sent before the other was received

16 . cross swords (with somebody) to argue with someone:

I’ve crossed swords with him on a number of issues.

17 . cross yourself to move your hand across your upper body in the shape of a cross as a sign of the Christian faith

18 . cross sb’s palm with silver especially British English to give money to someone when you want them to tell your ↑ fortune

⇨ dot the i’s and cross the t’s at ↑ dot 2 (4), ⇨ cross the Rubicon at ↑ Rubicon

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THESAURUS

■ to travel

▪ travel to go from one place to another, especially places that are far apart:

We travelled to Russia by train.

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I love to travel.

▪ go to go somewhere – often used instead of travel :

We’re going to Greece for our holidays this year.

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He’s gone to London on business.

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It’s quicker to go by plane.

▪ commute to travel to work or school:

She commutes to work by bicycle.

▪ cross to travel across a very large area, for example a desert or ocean:

The slaves crossed the Atlantic in the holds of the ships.

▪ tour to travel in order to visit many different places, especially as part of a holiday:

They’re touring Europe by coach.

▪ go trekking to do a long and difficult walk in a place far from towns and cities:

They went trekking in the mountains.

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She’s been trekking in Nepal a couple of times.

▪ go backpacking to travel to a lot of different places, carrying your clothes with you in your ↑ rucksack :

He went backpacking in Australia.

▪ roam especially written to travel or move around an area with no clear purpose or direction, usually for a long time:

When he was young, he roamed from one country to another.

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The tribes used to roam around freely, without any fixed territory.

▪ journey literary to travel, especially a long distance:

He journeyed on horseback through Palestine.

cross something ↔ off ( also cross something off something ) phrasal verb

to draw a line through one or more things on a list because you have dealt with them or they are not needed any more:

Whenever I buy something, I cross it off the list.

cross something ↔ out phrasal verb

to draw a line or lines through something you have written or drawn, usually because it is wrong:

I crossed out ‘Miss’ and wrote ‘Ms’.

cross over phrasal verb

1 . if an entertainer crosses over from one area of entertainment to another, they become successful in the second one as well as the first ⇨ ↑ crossover (2)

2 . British English old use to die

II. cross 2 S3 W3 BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 900-1000 ; Language: Old Norse ; Origin: kross , from an unrecorded Old Irish cross , from Latin crux ]

1 . MIXTURE OF THINGS a mixture of two things, breeds, or qualities

cross between

The tour manager’s role is a cross between hostess and courier.

Their dog is a cross between two well-known breeds.

2 . MARK ON PAPER especially British English

a) a mark (x or +) used on paper, to represent where something is, or where something should be:

I’ve put a cross on the map to mark where our street is.

Please sign your name by the cross.

b) a mark (x) used on paper to show that something that has been written or printed is not correct:

My homework got a lot more ticks than crosses.

c) a mark (x or +) used by someone who cannot write, in order to sign their name

3 .

CHRISTIAN SIGN

a) the cross the cross that Jesus Christ died on:

Christians believe that Jesus died on the cross for our sins.

b) an object, picture, or mark in the shape of a cross, used as a sign of the Christian faith or for decoration:

Pauline wore a tiny gold cross.

4 . PUNISHMENT an upright post of wood with another crossing it near the top, that people in the past were fastened to with nails and left to die on as a punishment

5 . MILITARY AWARD a decoration in the shape of a cross that is given to someone as an honour, especially for military courage:

He was awarded the George Cross.

6 . SPORT

a) a kick or hit of the ball in a sport such as football, ↑ hockey etc, that goes across the field

b) a way of hitting someone in the sport of ↑ boxing , in which your arm goes over theirs as they try to hit you:

He caught his opponent with a right cross to the chin.

7 . PROBLEM if you describe something as the cross that someone has to bear, you mean it is a problem that makes them very unhappy or worried, and that continues for a long time:

I feel sorry for you, but we all have our crosses to bear.

⇨ the sign of the Cross at ↑ sign 1 (10)

III. cross 3 S2 BrE AmE adjective [usually before noun] especially British English

angry or annoyed

get/be cross (with somebody)

She gets cross when he goes out drinking.

Sometimes I get very cross with the children.

cross at/about

She was cross at being interrupted.

—crossly adverb

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ angry feeling strong emotions because you think someone has behaved badly, or because a situation seems bad or unfair:

He gets really angry if people keep him waiting.

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a crowd of angry protesters

▪ mad [not before noun] informal angry:

Dad was mad at me for damaging the car.

▪ cross [not before noun] spoken rather angry – used when speaking to people you know well:

She was cross with me for being late.

▪ annoyed [not before noun] a little angry:

I was annoyed no one had told me the class was cancelled.

▪ irritated annoyed and impatient, especially by something that keeps happening or something someone keeps saying:

I was irritated by their stupid questions.

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an irritated voice

▪ bad-tempered becoming annoyed or angry easily:

a bad-tempered old man

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He’s always bad-tempered when he doesn’t get what he wants.

▪ in a bad/foul mood feeling a little angry for a period of time, often for no particular reason:

I woke up in a bad mood.

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She’s been in a foul mood all morning.

▪ in a huff /hʌf/ in an angry mood for a short time, especially because someone has just said something to offend or annoy you:

He walked off in a huff when they refused to let him join in their game.

▪ somebody has got up on the wrong side of the bed informal used when you think someone has been in an angry mood all day, for no particular reason – often used humorously:

I don’t know what’s wrong – she must have got up on the wrong side of the bed today.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.