Meaning of GROSS in English


I. gross 1 S3 /ɡrəʊs $ ɡroʊs/ BrE AmE adjective

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: gros 'big, thick' , from Latin grossus ]

1 . TOTAL [only before noun]

a) a gross sum of money is the total amount before any tax or costs have been taken away ⇨ net :

a gross profit of $5 million

gross income/salary/pay etc

a family with gross earnings of just £75 per week

b) a gross weight is the total weight of something, including its wrapping

2 . VERY BAD [only before noun] clearly wrong and unacceptable

gross negligence/misconduct etc

soldiers accused of gross violations of human rights

The company described reports of environmental disaster as gross exaggeration.

gross indecency (=the crime of doing something that is sexually offensive)

3 . NASTY spoken very unpleasant to look at or think about SYN disgusting :

Ooh, gross! I hate spinach!

4 . FAT informal extremely fat and unattractive

—grossly adverb [+ adjective/adverb] :

Lambert was grossly overweight.

Medical records were found to be grossly inadequate.

—grossness noun [uncountable]

II. gross 2 BrE AmE adverb

earn £20,000/$30,000 etc gross to earn £20,000 etc before tax has been taken away ⇨ net :

a junior executive earning $50,000 gross

III. gross 3 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

to gain an amount as a total profit, or earn it as a total amount, before tax has been taken away ⇨ net :

The movie has already grossed over $10 million.

gross somebody ↔ out phrasal verb

American English spoken to make someone wish they had not seen or been told about something because it is so unpleasant SYN disgust :

His dirty fingernails really gross me out.

—grossed out adjective

IV. gross 4 BrE AmE noun ( plural gross ) [countable]

a quantity of 144 things

gross of

two gross of candles

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.