Meaning of GROSS in English


I. ˈgrōs adjective

Etymology: Middle English grosse, from Anglo-French & Late Latin; Anglo-French gros large, thick, whole, from Late Latin grossus coarse

Date: 14th century


a. archaic : immediately obvious


(1) : glaringly noticeable usually because of inexcusable badness or objectionableness

a gross error

(2) : out-and-out , utter

a gross injustice

c. : visible without the aid of a microscope


a. : big , bulky ; especially : excessively fat

b. : growing or spreading with excessive luxuriance


a. : of, relating to, or dealing with general aspects or broad distinctions

b. : consisting of an overall total exclusive of deductions

gross income

— compare net

4. : made up of material or perceptible elements

5. archaic : not fastidious in taste : undiscriminating


a. : coarse in nature or behavior : unrefined

b. : gravely deficient in civility or decency : crudely vulgar

merely gross , a scatological rather than a pornographic impropriety — Aldous Huxley

c. : inspiring disgust or distaste

that sandwich looks gross

7. : deficient in knowledge : ignorant , untutored

Synonyms: see coarse , flagrant

• gross·ly adverb

• gross·ness noun

II. noun

Date: 1579

1. obsolete : amount , sum

2. : overall total exclusive of deductions

III. transitive verb

Date: 1884

: to earn or bring in (an overall total) exclusive of deductions (as for taxes or expenses)

• gross·er noun

IV. noun

( plural gross )

Etymology: Middle English gros, probably from Anglo-French grosse sum, whole, from feminine of gros

Date: 14th century

: an aggregate of 12 dozen things

a gross of pencils

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.