Meaning of SPRAY in English

I. spray 1 S3 /spreɪ/ BrE AmE verb

1 . [transitive] to force liquid out of a container so that it comes out in a stream of very small drops and covers an area ⇨ squirt

spray somebody/something with something

She sprayed herself with perfume.

spray something on/onto/over something

Someone had sprayed blue paint over his car.

Vandals had sprayed graffiti on the walls.

spray crops/plants etc (=cover them with liquid to protect them from insects or disease)

The fruit is sprayed every four weeks.

2 . [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] if liquids or small bits spray somewhere, they are quickly scattered through the air

spray from

Champagne sprayed from the bottle.

3 . spray somebody/something with bullets to shoot a lot of bullets towards a person or place very quickly:

Gunmen sprayed the crowd with bullets.

II. spray 2 BrE AmE noun

[ Sense 1-3, 6: Date: 1500-1600 ; Origin: Perhaps from Middle Dutch sprayen 'to scatter small drops of liquid' ]

[ Sense 4-5: Date: 1200-1300 ; Origin: Perhaps from an unrecorded Old English spræg ]

1 . LIQUID FROM A CONTAINER [uncountable and countable] liquid which is forced out of a special container in a stream of very small drops:

a new hair styling spray

Most farmers use pesticide sprays.

2 . CONTAINER [countable] a container which forces liquid out in a stream of small drops:

Mary took a perfume spray from her handbag.


a) [uncountable] water in very small drops that is blown from the sea etc or sent up by vehicles on a wet road:

spray from the waves

My face was stinging from the salt spray.

b) [countable] liquid that comes quickly from somewhere in very small drops

spray of

A spray of blood came from his mouth.

4 . BRANCH [countable] a small branch or stem with leaves or flowers on it, used for decoration SYN sprig

spray of

a spray of holly

5 . FLOWERS [countable] an attractive arrangement of flowers or leaves

spray of

a spray of violets and primroses

6 . a spray of bullets/gravel etc a lot of bullets or very small objects moving quickly through the air

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.