Meaning of ROLL in English

ROLL

I. ˈrōl noun

Etymology: Middle English rolle, from Anglo-French roule, rolle, from Medieval Latin rolla, alteration of rotula, from Latin, diminutive of rota wheel; akin to Old High German rad wheel, Welsh rhod, Sanskrit ratha wagon

Date: 13th century

1.

a.

(1) : a written document that may be rolled up : scroll ; specifically : a document containing an official or formal record

the roll s of parliament

(2) : a manuscript book

b. : a list of names or related items : catalog

c. : an official list

the voter roll s

as

(1) : muster roll

(2) : a list of members of a school or class or of members of a legislative body

2. : something that is rolled up into a cylinder or ball or rounded as if rolled

roll s of fat

as

a. : a quantity (as of fabric or paper) rolled up to form a single package

b. : a hairdo in which some or all of the hair is rolled or curled up or under

c. : any of various food preparations rolled up for cooking or serving

cabbage roll s

especially : a small piece of baked yeast dough

d. : a cylindrical twist of tobacco

e. : a roll of paper on which music for a player piano is recorded in perforations which actuate the keys

f. : a flexible case (as of leather) in which aritcles may be rolled and fastened by straps or clasps

jewelry roll

g.

(1) : paper money folded or rolled into a wad

(2) slang : bankroll

3. : something that performs a rolling action or movement : roller

4. : a wheel for making decorative lines on book covers ; also : a design impressed by such a tool

II. verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French rouler, roller, from roele wheel, rowel & roule roll

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a surface

b. : to cause to revolve by turning over and over on or as if on an axis

c. : to cause to move in a circular manner

they roll ed their eyes at the absurdity

d. : to form into a mass by turning over and over

e. : to impel forward with an easy continuous motion

f. : to cause to move in a given direction by or as if by turning a crank

roll ed down the window

2.

a. : to put a wrapping around : enfold , envelop

b. : to wrap round on itself : shape into a ball or roll

roll ed up the newspaper

also : to produce by such shaping

roll ed his own cigarettes

3. : to press, spread, or level with a roller : make smooth, even, or compact

hulled and roll ed oats

roll paint

— often used with out

roll ed out the dough

4.

a. : to move on rollers or wheels

roll ed the patient into the operating room

b. : to cause to begin operating or moving

roll the cameras

5.

a. : to sound with a full reverberating tone

roll ed out the words

b. : to make a continuous beating sound upon : sound a roll upon

roll ed their drums

c. : to utter with a trill

roll ed his r 's

d. : to play (a chord) in arpeggio style

6. : to combine so as to comprise one entity — usually used in the phrase rolled into one

a shopping center, amusement park, and nightclub all roll ed into one

7. : to rob (a drunk, sleeping, or unconscious person) usually by going through the pockets ; broadly : rob

8. : bowl 1

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to move along a surface by rotation without sliding

b.

(1) : to turn over and over

the children roll ed in the grass

(2) : to luxuriate in an abundant supply : wallow

fairly roll ing in money

2.

a. : to move onward or around as if by completing a revolution : elapse , pass

the months roll on

b. : to shift the gaze continually

eyes roll ing in terror

c. : to revolve on an axis

3. : to move about : roam , wander

4.

a. : to go forward in an easy, gentle, or undulating manner

the waves roll ed in

b. : to flow in a continuous stream : pour

money was roll ing in

c. : to flow as part of a stream of words or sounds

the names roll off your tongue

d. : to have an undulating contour

roll ing prairie

e. : to lie extended : stretch

5.

a. : to travel in a vehicle

roll ing north on the highway

b. : to become carried on a stream

c. : to move on wheels

6.

a. : to make a deep reverberating sound

the thunder roll s

b. : trill

7.

a. : to swing from side to side

the ship heaved and roll ed

b. : to walk with a swinging gait : sway

8.

a. : to take the form of a cylinder or ball

b. : to respond to rolling in a specified way

9.

a. : to get under way : begin to move or operate

b. : to move forward : develop and maintain impetus

the project finally got roll ing

especially : to proceed or progress with notable ease or success

the team was roll ing

10. : to execute a somersault

11. of a football quarterback : to run toward one flank usually parallel to the line of scrimmage especially before throwing a pass — often used with out

- roll the bones

- roll the dice

- roll with the punches

III. noun

Date: 1688

1.

a. : a sound produced by rapid strokes on a drum

b. : a sonorous and often rhythmical flow of speech

c. : a heavy reverberatory sound

the roll of cannon

2. : a rolling movement or an action or process involving such movement

a roll of the dice

an airplane's takeoff roll

as

a. : a swaying movement of the body

b. : a side-to-side movement (as of a ship or train)

c.

(1) : a flight maneuver in which a complete revolution about the longitudinal axis of an airplane is made with the horizontal direction of flight being approximately maintained

(2) : the motion of an aircraft or spacecraft about its longitudinal axis

d. : a somersault executed in contact with the ground

- on a roll

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.