Meaning of ROLL in English

ROLL

/ rəʊl; NAmE roʊl/ noun , verb

■ noun

OF PAPER / CLOTH, etc.

1.

[ C ] roll (of sth) a long piece of paper, cloth, film, etc. that has been wrapped around itself or a tube several times so that it forms the shape of a tube :

a roll of film

Wallpaper is sold in rolls.

—see also toilet roll —picture at packaging

OF SWEETS / CANDY

2.

[ C ] roll (of sth) ( NAmE ) a paper tube wrapped around sweets / candy, etc. :

a roll of mints

BREAD

3.

(also ˌbread ˈroll ) [ C ] a small loaf of bread for one person :

Soup and a roll: £1.50

a chicken / cheese, etc. roll (= filled with chicken / cheese, etc.)

—compare bun

—see also sausage roll , spring roll , Swiss roll

OF BODY

4.

[ sing. ] an act of rolling the body over and over :

The kittens were enjoying a roll in the sunshine.

5.

[ C ] a physical exercise in which you roll your body on the ground, moving your back and legs over your head :

a forward / backward roll

OF SHIP / PLANE

6.

[ U ] the act of moving from side to side so that one side is higher than the other

—compare pitch noun (8)

OF FAT

7.

[ C ] an area of too much fat on your body, especially around your waist :

Rolls of fat hung over his belt.

LIST OF NAMES

8.

[ C ] an official list of names :

the electoral roll (= a list of all the people who can vote in an election)

The chairman called / took the roll (= called out the names on a list to check that everyone was present) .

—see also payroll

SOUND

9.

[ C ] roll (of sth) a deep continuous sound :

the distant roll of thunder

a drum roll

OF DICE

10.

[ C ] an act of rolling a dice :

The order of play is decided by the roll of a dice.

PHONETICS

11.

= trill (3)

IDIOMS

- be on a roll

- a roll in the hay

■ verb

TURN OVER

1.

[+ adv. / prep. ] to turn over and over and move in a particular direction; to make a round object do this :

[ v ]

The ball rolled down the hill.

We watched the waves rolling onto the beach.

[ vn ]

Delivery men were rolling barrels across the yard.

2.

[usually + adv. / prep. ] to turn over and over or round and round while remaining in the same place; to make sth do this :

[ v ]

a dog rolling in the mud

[ vn ]

He was rolling a pencil between his fingers.

[ v , vn ]

Her eyes rolled.

She rolled her eyes upwards (= to show surprise or disapproval) .

3.

roll (sb/sth) over (onto sth) | roll (sb/sth) (over) onto sth to turn over to face a different direction; to make sb/sth do this :

[ v ]

She rolled over to let the sun brown her back.

He rolled onto his back.

[ vn ]

I rolled the baby over onto its stomach.

( NAmE )

to roll a dice / die (= in a game)

She rolled her car in a 100 mph crash.

MOVE (AS IF) ON WHEELS

4.

[usually + adv. / prep. ] to move smoothly (on wheels or as if on wheels); to make sth do this :

[ v ]

The car began to roll back down the hill.

The traffic rolled slowly forwards.

Mist was rolling in from the sea.

[ vn ]

He rolled the trolley across the room.

MAKE BALL / TUBE

5.

roll (sth) (up) (into sth) to make sth/yourself into the shape of a ball or tube :

[ vn ]

I rolled the string into a ball.

We rolled up the carpet.

a rolled-up newspaper

I always roll my own (= make my own cigarettes) .

[ v ]

The hedgehog rolled up into a ball.

—compare unroll

FOLD CLOTHING

6.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ] roll sth (up) to fold the edge of a piece of clothing, etc. over and over on itself to make it shorter :

Roll up your sleeves.

She rolled her jeans to her knees.

—picture at braces

MAKE STH FLAT

7.

[ vn ] to make sth flat by pushing sth heavy over it :

Roll the pastry on a floured surface.

WRAP UP

8.

[ vn ] roll sb/sth / yourself (up) in sth to wrap or cover sb/sth/yourself in sth :

Roll the meat in the breadcrumbs.

He rolled himself up in the blanket.

OF SHIP / PLANE / WALK

9.

to move or make sth move from side to side :

[ v ]

He walked with a rolling gait.

The ship was rolling heavily to and fro.

[also vn ]

—compare pitch verb (6)

MAKE SOUND

10.

to make a long continuous sound :

[ v ]

rolling drums

Thunder rolled.

[ vn ]

to roll your r's (= by letting your tongue vibrate with each 'r' sound)

MACHINE

11.

when a machine rolls or sb rolls it, it operates :

[ v ]

They had to repeat the scene because the cameras weren't rolling.

[ vn ]

Roll the cameras!

IDIOMS

- be rolling in money / it

- let's roll

- rolled into one

- rolling in the aisles

- a rolling stone gathers no moss

- roll on ... !

- roll up your sleeves

- roll with the punches

—more at ball noun , grave (I) noun , head noun , ready adjective , tongue noun

PHRASAL VERBS

- roll around

- roll sth back

- roll sth down

- roll in

- roll sth out

- roll over

- roll sb over

- roll sth over

- roll up

- roll sth up

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : from Old French rolle (noun), roller (verb), from Latin rotulus a roll, variant of rotula little wheel, diminutive of rota .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.