Meaning of ROLL in English

ROLL

I. ˈrōl noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English rolle, from Old French rolle, role, from Latin rotulus, rotula little wheel, diminutive of rota wheel; akin to Old Frisian reth wheel, Old High German rad wheel, Old Norse röthull halo, sun, Welsh rhod wheel, Latvian rats wheel, Sanskrit ratha wagon

1.

a.

(1) : a written document (as on parchment or paper) that is rolled up for carrying or storing : scroll

reading a certain passage from the roll — Robert Browning

specifically : a written document containing an official or formal record (as of the proceedings of a court or political body)

chancery rolls

rolls of parliament

keeper of the rolls

— compare master of the rolls

(2) : a manuscript book

medieval rolls of arms

b. : a list of names or related items : catalog , register

place at the head of the roll of science has not been challenged — Times Literary Supplement

a slipshod work that hardly belongs in the roll of his novels

belongs in the roll of great actors

c. : an official list

the roll of registered voters

the public relief rolls

as

(1) : muster roll

(2) : a list of members of a school or class

when students other than day students are permitted to withdraw, or are dropped from the roll — College of William & Mary Cat.

the teacher called the roll

(3) : a list of members of a legislative body

the clerk called the roll and recorded the votes

(4) Britain : a list of those qualified to practice as solicitors — usually used in plural

(5) : a list of practitioners in a court or in the courts of a state — usually used in plural

(6) : tax list

2. : something that is rolled up into or as if into a cylinder or ball

great rolls of fat around his middle — T.B.Costain

his head, which is bald on top, is outlined by a thick roll of curly black hair — Current Biography

a roll of twine

as

a.

(1) : a quantity (as of fabric or paper) rolled up to form a single package ; also : a number of separate sheets or papers rolled together

a roll of wrapping paper

a roll of paper towels

(2) : a bolt of wallpaper

(3) : web

b. : a hairdo in which some or all of the hair is rolled or curled up or under

pageboy roll

c. : a continuous strand of textile fiber (as wool) that is formed by slightly twisting, rolling, or rubbing the fibers

d. : any of various food preparations rolled up for cooking or serving: as

(1) : a small piece of yeast dough baked in any of numerous forms

(2) : meat rolled and cooked

(3) : jelly roll

(4) : sweet dough that is spread with a filling and then rolled up and baked

a blackberry roll

e. : a rounded molding or similar architectural element (as a volute of the Ionic order)

f. : a cylindrical twist of tobacco

g. : any of a series of rounded strips of wood over which the ends of the roofing plates of a lead or other metal roof are turned and lapped

h. : blanket roll 1

i. : music roll

j. : a flat flexible case (as of leather) in which articles may be rolled and fastened by straps or metal clasps ; also : a cylindrical case

k.

(1) : a number of pieces of paper money folded or rolled into a wad to be carried in the pocket

a man of the world who has a roll of bills in his pocket — Donald Windham

(2) slang : bankroll

producers themselves anxiously cast about for angels willing to shoot their rolls on shows — Seymour Peck

3. : something that performs a rolling action or movement : a cylindrical body set in bearings and used singly or in pairs or sets to crush, flatten, shape, move, or operate something : roller: as

a. : a roller used to break clods or level soil

b. : a metal wheel for making decorative lines on book covers ; also : a design impressed by such a tool

c. rolls plural : a set of two or more similar parallel cylinders placed a small distance apart in bearings and made to rotate in opposite directions so as to draw material between them in order to crush it (as rock or ore) or compress and shape it (as malleable metal)

d. : a typewriter platen

e. : break roll

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English rollen, rolen, from Middle French roller, roler, from (assumed) Vulgar Latin rotulare, from Latin rotulus, rotula small wheel

transitive verb

1.

a. : to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a surface

rolled the barrel down the hill

rolled the hoop along the street

b. : to cause to revolve by turning over and over : move by turning on or as if on an axis

were placed on the sheets and rolled in the flour — American Guide Series: Louisiana

c.

(1) : to move or cause to move in a circular manner : turn from one side to another

already the girl was rolling her eyes and giggling — Ellen Glasgow

rolled his head round in the direction of the curtained window — Elizabeth Bowen

rolling his shoulders — F.M.Ford

(2) : to swing or sway from side to side

rolled the great bomber like a jet fighter — Time

d. : to cause to take shape as a mass by turning over and over : heap up in a mass

the wind blowing over the empty prairies can roll tumbleweed as big as a bushel basket — Frances Gaither

e. : to impel forward with an easy, continuous motion

the river rolls its waters to the ocean

f.

(1) : to make a cast of (dice or a specified number on the dice)

(2) : to cast dice in competition with

I'll roll you to see who pays

2. : to reflect on : consider , ponder

my thoughts the matter roll , and solve and oft resolve the whole — R.W.Emerson

3.

a. : to put a wrapping around : enfold , envelop

very pleasant to lie snugly rolled in blankets — John Seago

b. : to wrap round on itself or on something else : cause to take a relatively spherical or cylindrical form : shape into a ball or roll

rolled his hamlike hands into fists — Irene Kuhn

rolled his own cigarettes

rolled up the cloth

rolled the bandage around his leg

4.

a.

(1) : to press, spread, or level with a roller : make smooth, even, or compact

roll steel rails

roll sheet-brass

roll a field

roll the dough

roll cracker crumbs

had seen too many minds rolled flat by academicism — T.M.Longstreth

(2) : to form a screw thread on (a rod) by cold-rolling between dies or rollers having suitably shaped ridges that displace the metal from the thread space and force it up above the original surface of the work on each side

b. : to make smooth and rounded by attrition

implements should be examined to see whether they are rolled … or wind-worn, or relatively fresh — Notes & Queries on Anthropology

c.

(1) : to ink with a roller or rollers

roll a form

(2) : to make (a stereotype matrix) or mold (a form) in a mangle

d. : to spread out : extend

if the weather was good we rolled our beds on the ground and slept in the open — Ross Santee

in the grave throw me and roll the sod o'er me — Western Folklore

roll out the red carpet

5.

a. : to cause to move on wheels

rolled the baby carriage to the store

b. : to transport in a wheeled vehicle

loved to be rolled through the park in an old-fashioned hansom cab

c. : to traverse in or by a wheeled vehicle

tried to believe the hardest miles were rolled — A.B.Guthrie

d. : to move or cause to be moved by means of rollers

had the log house rolled to its present site — American Guide Series: Louisiana

e. : to cause to begin operating or moving

roll the cameras

6.

a. : to sound with a full, reverberating tone

rolled the psalm to wintry skies — Alfred Tennyson

— often used with out

rolled out the words so that everyone could hear

b. : to make a continuous beating sound upon : sound a roll upon

local constables in remote hamlets rolled their drums to bring out the villagers — Time

c. : to utter with a thrill

they might roll their r's and use their noses as trombones of conversation — Corra Harris

d. : to play (a chord) in arpeggio style (as on a harp or piano)

7. : to rob (a person) usually by going through his pockets while he is drunk, asleep, or unconscious : jackroll

rolling lushes in the subway — Wolcott Gibbs

had been doped, beaten up, and rolled — R.G.Martin

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to move forward along a surface by rotation

the ball rolled along the floor

b.

(1) : to turn over and over

the children rolled in the grass, or waded in the brook — Henry Adams

the dog rolled in the mud

(2) : to luxuriate in an abundant supply : wallow — used with in

tragic to think that a man may be short of money whilst his children are rolling in it — J.D.Sheridan

c. : to move onward or around as if by completing a revolution

the months roll on

five summers have rolled round since then — Douglass Cater

: elapse , pass

the years roll by — Fortnight

d. : to move in an orbit

the planets roll around the sun

2.

a. : to look in one direction after another in quick succession : to shift the gaze continually

a pair of eyes which rolled with malevolent curiosity — T.B.Costain

b. archaic : to revolve in the mind

c. : to revolve on or as if on an axis

long has the globe been rolling round — Walt Whitman

3. : to move about : roam , wander

4.

a. : to flow with a rising and falling motion

the waves roll on

the clouds roll past

: go forward in an easy, gentle, or undulating manner

mists rolling down the mountain — Irish Digest

the fog, which from the foot of the lawn rolled away … like a sea — R.M.Lovett

b. : to flow in a continuous stream : to arrive, become produced, or become received in abundant quantities or amount : pour

cars rolling off the assembly line

delegates rolled in from all parts of the country

the money was rolling in

c. : to flow as part of a stream of words

catchy phrases, and sharp retorts that roll so freely from the tongues of the people he characterizes — H.H.Reichard

d. : to have an undulating contour : display a gently rising and falling surface

most of it is prairie, but the prairie rolls and dips and curves — Sinclair Lewis

e. : to lie extended : stretch

the flowers rolled away in dizzy unbroken patterns to the horizon — Alan Moorehead

to the west and south roll the grainfields — O.A.Fitzgerald

5.

a. : to become carried in a vehicle

got in the car and were soon rolling at high speed

b. : to become carried on a stream

the scattered debris rolled down the flooded river

c. : to move on wheels

with a smooth hard-packed surface of snow, trucks can roll right along — Harold Griffin

6.

a. : to make a deep reverberating sound

the thunder rolls

the drums roll

a roar from the crowd rolled all around enveloping us — A.P.Gaskell

b. : to make a deep and sonorous sound

listen to a rich voice which rolled out into the dusk — Margaret Kennedy

c. : trill — used of a bird

7.

a. : to incline first to one side and then to the other : swing from side to side

the ship still heaved and rolled on the heavy sea — C.S.Forester

as he swam he rolled like a sick fish — Kenneth Roberts

b. : to walk with a swinging gait : sway

a heavy elderly peasant rolled in his gait — F.M.Ford

c. : to move so as to cushion the impact of a blow — used with with

rolled with the punch, but it caught his nose nevertheless — Edwin Corle

8.

a. : to take the form of a cylinder or ball

this cloth rolls unevenly

laid my tarp on the ground and rolled up in every blanket I had — Ysabel Rennie

b. : to respond to rolling in a specified way : be in a specified condition after being rolled

the tennis court rolled easily after the shower

the metal rolled out in flat bars

9.

a. : to get under way : begin to move

the fire engines rolled while the alarm bell was still ringing

the company commander gave the signal to roll and the tanks moved out

b. : to move forward : develop and maintain impetus

not enough real sting in demand to get business rolling at the speed many steelmakers had hoped for — Wall Street Journal

rolled to a fourth term — Time

the team was held scoreless during the third period, but in the fourth period they started to roll again

c. : to go into action or operation

the cameras were ready to roll

the presses started to roll

d. : to go to press

they went home after the late edition had rolled

10.

a. : bowl

b. : to execute a forward or backward roll in tumbling

- roll one's hoop

- roll the bones

- roll up one's sleeves

III. noun

( -s )

1.

a. : a prolonged sound produced by rapid and regular strokes on a drum

b. : a sonorous and often rhythmical flow of speech

no amount of circumlocution in English can do justice to the heavy roll of the Latin periods — R.W.Southern

c. : a heavy reverberatory sound

the roll of cannon

the roll of thunder

heard the slow, steady roll of the surf — Hamilton Basso

d. : a chord in arpeggio style produced on a keyboard instrument or a harp

e. : a trill of some birds ; especially : any of various trills in the song of the canary

bass roll

bell roll

water roll

2. : a rolling movement or an action or process involving such movement

the roll of the waves

the roll of the ball

a roll of the dice

eyes with the hint of a roll in them — Clemence Dane

as

a. : a swaying movement of the body

she walks slowly, easily, but with a slight roll — Constance Walsh

b. : a side to side movement (as of a ship or train)

c.

(1) : an angular displacement about the longitudinal axis of an airplane

(2) : a flight maneuver in which a complete revolution about the longitudinal axis is made with the horizontal direction of flight being approximately maintained

d.

(1) : any of several acrobatic and modern dance exercises in which the body is rotated on the floor

back roll

chest roll

shoulder roll

(2) : a pivot of ballroom dance partners away from or toward each other or toward a new partner

e. : a tumbling stunt in which the body is rotated in a circle on the mat either forward or backward about its lateral axis while in a tuck position

f. : the movement of a curling stone after impact with another stone

3.

a. : an undulation in the roof or floor of a coal seam or in one or both walls of a mineral vein

b. : an undulation on a land surface : a low rounded ridge

the trees around the more distant spring are hidden behind a roll of the ground — G.R.Stewart

IV. noun

- on a roll

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.