Meaning of STAND in English

STAND

I. ˈstand verb

( stood ˈstu̇d ; stand·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English standan; akin to Old High German stantan, stān to stand, Latin stare, Greek histanai to cause to stand, set, histasthai to stand, be standing

Date: before 12th century

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to support oneself on the feet in an erect position

b. : to be a specified height when fully erect

stand s six feet two

c. : to rise to an erect position

2.

a. : to take up or maintain a specified position or posture

stand aside

can you stand on your head

b. : to maintain one's position

stand firm

3. : to be in a particular state or situation

stand s accused

4. : to hold a course at sea

5. obsolete : hesitate

6.

a. : to have or maintain a relative position in or as if in a graded scale

stand s first in the class

b. : to be in a position to gain or lose because of an action taken or a commitment made

stand s to make quite a profit

7. chiefly British : to be a candidate : run

8.

a. : to rest or remain upright on a base or lower end

a clock stood on the mantle

b. : to occupy a place or location

the house stand s on a knoll

9.

a. : to remain stationary or inactive

the car stood in the garage for a week

b. : to gather slowly and remain

tears stand ing in her eyes

10. : agree , accord — used chiefly in the expression it stands to reason

11.

a. : to exist in a definite written or printed form

copy a passage exactly as it stand s

b. : to remain valid or efficacious

the order given last week still stand s

12. of a male animal : to be available as a sire — used especially of horses

13. : to refuse additional cards (as in blackjack)

transitive verb

1.

a. : to endure or undergo successfully

this book will stand the test of time

b. : to tolerate without flinching : bear courageously

stand s pain well

c. : to endure the presence or personality of

can't stand the boss

d. : to derive benefit or enjoyment from

you look like you could stand a drink

2. : to remain firm in the face of

stand a siege

3. : to submit to

stand trial

4.

a. : to perform the duty of

stand guard

b. : to participate in (a military formation)

5. : to pay the cost of (a treat) : pay for

I'll stand you a dinner

stand drinks

6. : to cause to stand : set upright

7. : to make available for breeding

stand a stallion

Synonyms: see bear

• stand·er noun

- stand a chance

- stand for

- stand on

- stand one's ground

- stand on one's own feet

- stand tall

- stand treat

II. noun

Date: 1590

1.

a. : a halt for defense or resistance

b. : an often defensive effort of some duration or degree of success

a goal-line stand

c.

(1) : a stop made to give a performance

a 6-game stand at home

(2) : a town where such a stop is made

2. : an act of stopping or staying in one place

3.

a. : a place or post where one stands

b. : a strongly or aggressively held position especially on a debatable issue

took a stand against higher taxes

4.

a. : the place taken by a witness for testifying in court

b. plural

(1) : a section of the tiered seats for spectators of a sport or spectacle

(2) : the occupants of such seats

c. : a raised platform (as for a speaker or hunter) serving as a point of vantage

5.

a. : a small often open-air structure for a small retail business

a vegetable stand

a hot dog stand

b. : a site fit for business opportunity

6. : a place where a passenger vehicle stops or parks

a taxi stand

7. : hive 2

8. : a frame on or in which something may be placed for support

9. : a group of plants growing in a continuous area

10. : a standing posture

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.