Meaning of CUP in English

CUP

n. & v.

--n.

1. a small bowl-shaped container, usu. with a handle for drinking from.

2 a its contents (a cup of tea). b CUPFUL.

3 a cup-shaped thing, esp. the calyx of a flower or the socket of a bone.

4 flavoured wine, cider, etc., usu. chilled.

5 an ornamental cup-shaped trophy as a prize for victory or prowess, esp. in a sports contest.

6 one's fate or fortune (a bitter cup).

7 either of the two cup-shaped parts of a brassi{egrave}re.

8 the chalice used or the wine taken at the Eucharist.

9 Golf the hole on a putting-green or the metal container in it.

--v.tr. (cupped, cupping)

1. form (esp. one's hands) into the shape of a cup.

2 take or hold as in a cup.

3 hist. bleed (a person) by using a glass in which a partial vacuum is formed by heating.

Phrases and idioms:

cup-cake a small cake baked in a cup-shaped foil or paper container and often iced. Cup Final a final match in a competition for a cup. cup lichen a lichen, Cladonia pyxidata, with cup-shaped processes arising from the thallus. one's cup of tea colloq. what interests or suits one. cup-tie a match in a competition for a cup. in one's cups while drunk; drunk.

Etymology: OE cuppe f. med.L cuppa cup, prob. differentiated from L cupa tub

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.