Meaning of PUT in English

PUT

I. ˈpu̇]t chiefly dial ˈpə]t, usu ]d.+V verb

( put “ ; or dialect put·ten -t ə n ; put or dialect putten ; putting ; puts )

Etymology: Middle English putten, puten; akin to Old English put ung instigation, potian to push, Middle Dutch poten to plant, graft, Icelandic pota to poke

transitive verb

1.

a. : to place or cause to be placed in a specified position or relationship : lay , set

put the roof on the house

put the plant near the window

two tumblers of brandy had been enough to put him under the table — Van Wyck Brooks

b. : to move in a specified direction or into or out of a specified place

put the hands of the clock back

put the book down

put his arm through the sleeve

put the car into the garage

put the cat out of the house

c.

(1) : to send (as a weapon or missile) into or through something : thrust

a sharpshooter put a ball through the old captain's head — Frank Yerby

put a knife between his ribs

(2) : drive

put a nail into the wall

(3) : to throw with an overhand pushing motion

put the shot 63 feet 6 inches — Newsweek

d.

(1) : to bring into or establish in a specified state or condition

when his father had died he had put her into mourning — F.M.Ford

put one in the proper mood to enjoy the local operettas — Horace Sutton

put the motor into working order

put her to shame

put it to use

put the matter right

(2) : to bring into a state of dependence especially upon a specified regimen — usually used with on

put him on a salt-poor diet

put them on bread and water

e. : to carry or cause to be taken across a body of water

you could ask anybody to put you across a river — Archibald Marshall

the twenty-knot speed that would put a ship across the Atlantic in … seven days — Edward Ellsberg

f. : to remove from a specified state, condition, or situation

put its competitor out of business

put the idea from his mind

g. : focus

put his glasses on the group — F.W.Booth

2.

a. : to cause to endure or suffer something : subject — usually used with to

put him to death

put them to the sword

put him to the expense of a new roof

put him to the shame of revealing his poverty

b. : impose , inflict — usually used with on or upon

put a special tax on luxuries

put a heavy strain on his resources

if I put any tricks upon 'em — Shakespeare

put numerous insults on him

3.

a. : to set before one for judgment or decision : bring to the attention

put the question of a special dividend before the board of directors

put the problem of downtown parking before the mayor

it was a question that her life had never permitted her to put to herself — Laura Krey

b. : to call for a formal vote on

the chairman is not supposed to say anything except to put the motion — Dorothy C. Fisher

the question of adjournment was then put , and carried by a large majority — T.L.Peacock

4.

a.

(1) : to turn into language or literary form — usually used with in or into

found it difficult to put his feelings in words

put the story of his life into a novel

(2) : to translate into another language or style — usually used with into

put the poem into English

put the play into modern idiom

(3) : adapt

witty lyrics put to tuneful music

b. : express , state

that's putting it mildly

put his proposal awkwardly

5.

a. : to devote (oneself) to an activity or end — usually used with to

put himself to the study of law

put himself to winning back their confidence

b. : to set to use : employ actively : apply

put his mind to the problem

put all his strength into the fight

put all his resources behind the candidate

c. : to set to some employment or function : assign — usually used with to

put him to mixing the salad

put her to filing letters

put them to work

d. : to set in a particular place or position for the purpose of carrying out an activity or performing a function

put him to school

put the children to bed

put the play on the stage

e.

(1) : to cause to perform an action or clear an obstacle : urge

put the horse over the fence

put the boy through his exercises

(2) : to set into sudden or violent movement or activity : impel , incite

put the prowler to flight

put them into a frenzy

(3) : to compel (a person) to some course of action or behavior

you put me to forget a lady's manners — Shakespeare

— now used only in legal phrases

the husky handyman was not immediately put to plea and no date was set for the arraignment — Springfield (Massachusetts) Union

6.

a. : to bring into the power or under the protection or care of someone

put him into the hands of his enemies

put themselves in good hands

put him under the care of a specialist

b. : repose , rest — usually used with in

puts his trust in God

puts his faith in reason

c. : invest — usually used with in or into

put all his money in the company

put his savings into stocks

d. archaic : to set as a beginner : apprentice — usually used with to

7.

a. : to give as an estimate

the medical examiner put the time as about a quarter past eleven — Mary R. Rinehart

put the number at 500,000 — Roy Lewis & Angus Maude

b. : attach , attribute — usually used with on or upon

puts a wrong construction on his actions

puts a high value on his friendship

puts a high premium on leisure — H.W.Glidden

c. : impute — usually used with on

put the blame for the illegal actions on his partner

put the responsibility for the accident on the other driver

d. : to ascribe to or base upon a particular cause or foundation — usually used with on or upon

puts morality on the basis of self-interest

puts his conclusion on the evidence of the fossil remains

e. : to represent as being in a particular place

he puts “episcopal buildings along the crest” of Quebec before the first bishop set foot in the country — A.L.Burt

the poet puts his enemies in hell

8. : to establish or cause to take effect (a limit or restraint)

put an end to his suffering

put a limit on the betting

put a check on his enthusiasm

9. : assume , suppose

put the absurd impossible case, for once — Robert Browning

10.

a. : to affix (a signature or other mark) to a written or printed document

they did not dare to put their names to what they wrote — Virginia Woolf

put a check next to the name of each course he had taken

b. : to enter as part of a list or group of related items — usually used with on

asked to have his name put on the list of candidates

put the telephone call on my bill

let's plan to put it on the menu for tomorrow

11. : place , substitute

before you condemn him, put yourself in his place

12. : to bring (an animal) together with one of the opposite sex for breeding — usually used with to

consider seriously putting some of your ewes to longwool rams — E.F.Fricke

13. : bet , wager — usually used with on

put two dollars on the favorite

intransitive verb

1. chiefly dialect : butt

2.

a. : to start out ; especially : to leave in a hurry : make off : decamp

caught his squaw by one arm and put for the timber with her — H.L.Davis

b. of a ship : to take a specified course

put into the bay to avoid the storm

put down the river

3. chiefly dialect : to shoot up : grow , sprout — used of plants

4. : to flow in or out of a body of water

the river puts into a lake

Synonyms: see set

- put forth

- put forward

- put in an appearance

- put in mind

- put one on to

- put one's finger on

- put out of the way

- put paid to

- put the arm on

- put the bee on

- put the finger on

- put to bed

- put to it

- put to rights

- put two and two together

- put up to

- put up with

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from putten, puten to put — more at put I

1. : a throw made with an overhand pushing motion ; specifically : the act or an instance of putting the shot

2. dialect Britain : a thrust made in attack or in coming to someone's assistance : push , shove

3. : an option to sell a specified amount of stock, grain, or other commodity at a fixed price at or within a given time — compare call 3d

III. adjective

Etymology: from past participle of put (I)

: being in place : fixed , set

stayed put under the stove — E.B.White

IV. ˈpət\ noun

( -s )

Etymology: origin unknown

: blockhead , dolt

V. verb

also put the screws to

- put the make on

- put the screws on

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.