Meaning of CALL in English

CALL

transcription, транскрипция: [ kɔ:l ]

( calls, calling, called)

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.

1.

If you call someone or something by a particular name or title, you give them that name or title.

‘Doctor...’—‘Will you please call me Sarah?’...

Everybody called each other by their surnames.

VERB : V n n , V n by n

• called

There are two men called Buckley at the Home Office.

...a device called an optical amplifier.

ADJ : v-link ADJ

2.

If you call someone or something a particular thing, you suggest they are that thing or describe them as that thing.

The speech was interrupted by members of the Conservative Party, who called him a traitor...

She calls me lazy and selfish...

He called it particularly cynical to begin releasing the hostages on Christmas Day...

Anyone can call themselves a psychotherapist.

VERB : V n n , V n adj , V it adj to-inf , V pron-refl n

3.

If you call something, you say it in a loud voice, because you are trying to attract someone’s attention.

He could hear the others downstairs in different parts of the house calling his name...

‘Boys!’ she called again.

VERB : V n , V with quote

Call out means the same as call .

The butcher’s son called out a greeting...

The train stopped and a porter called out, ‘Middlesbrough!’

PHRASAL VERB : V P n (not pron) , V P with quote , also V n P

4.

If you call someone, you telephone them.

Would you call me as soon as you find out?...

A friend of mine gave me this number to call...

‘May I speak with Mr Coyne, please?’—‘May I ask who’s calling?’

= phone

VERB : V n , V n , V

5.

If you call someone such as a doctor or the police, you ask them to come to you, usually by telephoning them.

He screamed for his wife to call an ambulance...

One night he was called to see a woman with tuberculosis.

VERB : V n , be V-ed to-inf

6.

If you call someone, you ask them to come to you by shouting to them.

She called her young son: ‘Here, Stephen, come and look at this!’...

He called me over the Tannoy.

VERB : V n , V n prep

7.

When you make a telephone call , you telephone someone.

I made a phone call to the United States to talk to a friend...

I’ve had hundreds of calls from other victims...

N-COUNT

8.

If someone in authority calls something such as a meeting, rehearsal, or election, they arrange for it to take place at a particular time.

The Committee decided to call a meeting of the All India Congress...

The RSC was calling a press conference to announce the theatre’s closure...

VERB : V n , V n

9.

If someone is called before a court or committee, they are ordered to appear there, usually to give evidence.

The child waited two hours before she was called to give evidence...

I was called as an expert witness.

= summon

VERB : usu passive , be V-ed to-inf , be V-ed prep

10.

If you call somewhere, you make a short visit there.

A market researcher called at the house where he was living...

Andrew now came almost weekly to call.

VERB : V prep / adv , V

Call is also a noun.

He decided to pay a call on Tommy Cummings.

N-COUNT

11.

When a train, bus, or ship calls somewhere, it stops there for a short time to allow people to get on or off.

The steamer calls at several ports along the way.

VERB : V prep / adv

12.

To call a game or sporting event means to cancel it, for example because of rain or bad light. ( AM )

We called the next game.

= call off

VERB : V n

13.

If there is a call for something, someone demands that it should happen.

There have been calls for a new kind of security arrangement...

Almost all workers heeded a call by the trade unions to stay at home for the duration of the strike.

N-COUNT : usu N for n , N to-inf

14.

If there is little or no call for something, very few people want it to be done or provided.

‘Have you got just plain chocolate?’—‘No, I’m afraid there’s not much call for that.’

= demand

N-UNCOUNT : with brd-neg , N for n

15.

The call of something such as a place is the way it attracts or interests you strongly.

= pull, lure

N-SING : with poss

16.

The call of a particular bird or animal is the characteristic sound that it makes.

...a wide range of animal noises and bird calls.

N-COUNT

17.

see also calling , so-called

18.

If you say that there is no call for someone to behave in a particular way, you are criticizing their behaviour, usually because you think it is rude.

There was no call for him to single you out from all the others.

= there is no need for

PHRASE : PHR n to-inf , PHR n [ disapproval ]

19.

If someone is on call , they are ready to go to work at any time if they are needed, especially if there is an emergency.

In theory I’m on call day and night.

...a doctor on call.

PHRASE : PHR after v , v-link PHR

20.

If you call in sick , you telephone the place where you work to tell them you will not be coming to work because you are ill.

‘Shouldn’t you be at work today?’—‘I called in sick.’

PHRASE : V inflects

21.

to call someone’s bluff: see bluff

to call it a day: see day

to call a halt: see halt

to call something to mind: see mind

call of nature: see nature

to call something your own: see own

to call something into question: see question

to call it quits: see quit

to call a spade a spade: see spade

to call the tune: see tune

too close to call: see close

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.