Meaning of CALL in English

CALL

/ kɔːl; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

GIVE NAME

1.

to give sb/sth a particular name; to use a particular name or title when you are talking to sb :

[ vn - n ]

They decided to call the baby Mark.

His name's Hiroshi but everyone calls him Hiro.

What do they call that new fabric?

[ vn ]

They called their first daughter after her grandmother.

We call each other by our first names here.

—see also called

DESCRIBE

2.

to describe sb/sth in a particular way; to consider sb/sth to be sth :

[ vn - n ]

I wouldn't call German an easy language.

Are you calling me a liar?

He was in the front room, or the lounge or whatever you want to call it.

[ vn - adj ]

Would you call it blue or green?

[ vn - n ]

I make it ten pounds forty-three you owe me. Let's call it ten pounds.

3.

call yourself sth to claim that you are a particular type of person, especially when other people question whether this is true :

Call yourself a friend? So why won't you help me, then?

She's no right to call herself a feminist.

SHOUT

4.

call (sth) (out) | call (out) to sb (for sth) to shout or say sth loudly to attract sb's attention :

[ v ]

I thought I heard somebody calling.

She called out to her father for help.

[ vn ]

Did somebody call my name?

He called out a warning from the kitchen.

[ v speech ]

'See you later!' she called.

5.

to ask sb to come by shouting or speaking loudly :

[ vn ]

Will you call the kids in for lunch?

[ v ]

Did you call?

TELEPHONE

6.

to ask sb/sth to come quickly to a particular place by telephoning :

[ vn ]

to call the fire department / the police / a doctor / an ambulance

The doctor has been called to an urgent case.

[ vn , vnn ]

I'll call a taxi for you.

I'll call you a taxi.

7.

to telephone sb :

[ v ]

I'll call again later.

[ vn ]

I called the office to tell them I'd be late.

My brother called me from Spain last night.

➡ note at phone

ORDER SB TO COME

8.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ] [ usually passive ] ( formal ) to order sb to come to a place :

Several candidates were called for a second interview.

The ambassador was called back to London by the prime minister.

He felt called to the priesthood (= had a strong feeling that he must become a priest) .

VISIT

9.

( especially BrE ) to make a short visit to a person or place :

[ v ]

Let's call on John.

I'll call round and see you on my way home.

He was out when I called to see him.

MEETING / STRIKE, etc.

10.

[ vn ] to order sth to happen; to announce that sth will happen :

to call a meeting / an election / a strike

OF BIRD / ANIMAL

11.

[ v ] to make the cry that is typical for it

IN GAMES

12.

to say which side of a coin you think will face upwards after it is thrown :

[ vn ]

to call heads / tails

[also v ]

IN DANCES

13.

[ v , vn ] to shout out the steps for people performing a square dance or country dance

IDIOMS

- call sb's bluff

- call sth into play

- call sth into question

- call it a day

- call it quits

- call sb names

- call the shots / tune

- call a spade a spade

- call time (on sth)

- call sb to account (for / over sth)

- call sb/sth to order

—more at carpet noun , mind noun , pay verb , pot noun , what

PHRASAL VERBS

- call at ...

- call sb away

- call back | call sb back

- call for sb

- call for sth

- call sth forth

- call in

- call sb in

- call sth in

- call sb/sth off

- call sth off

- call on / upon sb

- call sb out

—related noun call-out

- call sb up

—related noun call-up

- call sth up

■ noun

ON TELEPHONE

1.

[ C ] (also ˈphone call ) the act of speaking to sb on the telephone :

to get / have / receive a call from sb

to give sb / to make a call

Were there any calls for me while I was out?

I'll take (= answer) the call upstairs.

I left a message but he didn't return my call .

a local call

a long-distance call

➡ note at phone

—see also wake-up call

LOUD SOUND

2.

[ C ] a loud sound made by a bird or an animal, or by a person to attract attention :

the distinctive call of the cuckoo

a call for help

VISIT

3.

[ C ] a short visit to sb's house :

The doctor has five calls to make this morning.

( old-fashioned )

to pay a call on an old friend

REQUEST / DEMAND

4.

[ C ] call (for sth) a request, an order or a demand for sb to do sth or to go somewhere :

calls for the minister to resign

calls for national unity

This is the last call for passengers travelling on British Airways flight 199 to Rome.

( formal )

a call to arms (= a strong request to fight in the army, etc.)

—see also curtain call

5.

[ U ] no ~ for sth | no ~ (for sb) to do sth no demand for sth; no reason for sb's behaviour :

There isn't a lot of call for small specialist shops nowadays.

6.

[ C ] call on sb/sth a demand or pressure placed on sb/sth :

She is a busy woman with many calls on her time.

OF A PLACE

7.

[ sing. ] call (of sth) ( literary ) a strong feeling of attraction that a particular place has for you :

the call of the sea / your homeland

TO A PARTICULAR JOB

8.

[ sing. ] call (to do sth) a strong feeling that you want to do sth, especially a particular job

DECISION

9.

[ C ] ( informal ) a decision :

It's your call!

a good / bad call

That's a tough call.

IN TENNIS

10.

[ C ] a decision made by the umpire :

There was a disputed call in the second set.

IN CARD GAMES

11.

[ C ] a player's bid or turn to bid

IDIOMS

- the call of nature

- have first call (on sb/sth)

- (be) on call

—more at beck , close (II) adjective

••

SYNONYMS

call

cry out ♦ exclaim ♦ blurt ♦ burst out

These words all mean to shout or say sth loudly or suddenly.

call

to shout or say sth loudly to attract sb's attention:

I thought I heard someone calling.

cry out (sth)

to shout sth loudly, especially when you need help or are in trouble:

She cried out for help.

I cried out his name.

exclaim

to say sth suddenly and loudly, especially because of a strong emotion:

'It isn't fair!' he exclaimed angrily.

blurt

to say sth suddenly and without thinking carefully enough:

He blurted out the answer without thinking.

burst out

to say sth suddenly and loudly, especially with a lot of emotion:

'He's a bully!' the little boy burst out.

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS :

to call / cry out / exclaim / blurt out (sth) to sb

to call / cry out for sth

to cry out / exclaim / blurt out / burst out in / with sth

to call / cry out / exclaim / blurt out / burst out suddenly

to call / cry out / exclaim / burst out loudly

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Old English ceallian , from Old Norse kalla summon loudly.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.