Meaning of OFF in English

OFF

/ ɒf; NAmE ɔːf; ɑːf/ adverb , preposition , adjective , noun , verb

■ adverb

HELP NOTE : For the special uses of off in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example come off is in the phrasal verb section at come .

1.

away from a place; at a distance in space or time :

I called him but he ran off.

Sarah's off in India somewhere.

I must be off soon (= leave) .

Off you go!

Summer's not far off now.

A solution is still some way off.

2.

used to say that sth has been removed :

He's had his beard shaved off.

Take your coat off.

Don't leave the toothpaste with the top off.

3.

starting a race :

They're off (= the race has begun) .

4.

no longer going to happen; cancelled :

The wedding is off.

5.

not connected or functioning :

The water is off.

Make sure the TV is off.

6.

( especially BrE ) ( of an item on a menu ) no longer available or being served :

Sorry, the duck is off.

7.

away from work or duty :

She's off today.

I've got three days off next week.

How many days did you take off ?

I need some time off .

8.

taken from the price :

shoes with $20 off

All shirts have / are 10% off.

9.

behind or at the sides of the stage in a theatre

SYN offstage

IDIOMS

- be well / better / badly, etc. off

- be better / worse off (doing sth)

- be off for sth

- off and on / on and off

■ preposition

HELP NOTE : For the special uses of off in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example take sth off sth is in the phrasal verb section at take .

1.

down or away from a place or at a distance in space or time :

I fell off the ladder.

Keep off the grass!

an island off the coast of Spain

They were still 100 metres off the summit.

Scientists are still a long way off finding a cure.

We're getting right off the subject.

2.

leading away from sth, for example a road or room :

We live off Main Street.

There's a bathroom off the main bedroom.

3.

used to say that sth has been removed :

You need to take the top off the bottle first!

I want about an inch off the back of my hair.

4.

away from work or duty :

He's had ten days off school.

5.

away from a price :

They knocked £500 off the car.

6.

off of ( non-standard or NAmE , informal ) off; from :

I got it off of my brother.

7.

not wanting or liking sth that you usually eat or use :

I'm off (= not drinking) alcohol for a week.

He's finally off drugs (= he no longer takes them) .

■ adjective [ not before noun ]

1.

( of food ) no longer fresh enough to eat or drink :

This fish has gone off.

The milk smells off.

It's off.

2.

off (with sb) ( informal , especially BrE ) not polite or friendly :

He was a bit off with me this morning.

3.

( informal , especially BrE ) not acceptable :

It's a bit off expecting us to work on Sunday.

■ noun

[ sing. ] the off the start of a race :

They're ready for the off.

■ verb

[ vn ] ( informal , especially NAmE ) to kill sb

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English , originally a variant of of (which combined the senses of of and off ).

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.