Meaning of PUMP in English

transcription, транскрипция: [ pʌmp ]

( pumps, pumping, pumped)

Frequency: The word is one of the 3000 most common words in English.


A pump is a machine or device that is used to force a liquid or gas to flow in a particular direction.

...pumps that circulate the fuel around in the engine...

You’ll need a bicycle pump to keep the tyres topped up with air.



To pump a liquid or gas in a particular direction means to force it to flow in that direction using a pump.

It’s not enough to get rid of raw sewage by pumping it out to sea...

The money raised will be used to dig bore holes to pump water into the dried-up lake.

...drill rigs that are busy pumping natural gas...

Age diminishes the heart’s ability to pump harder and faster under exertion.

VERB : V n with adv , V n prep , V n , V


A petrol or gas pump is a machine with a tube attached to it that you use to fill a car with petrol.

There are already long queues of vehicles at petrol pumps.

N-COUNT : oft n N


If someone has their stomach pumped , doctors remove the contents of their stomach, for example because they have swallowed poison or drugs.

She was released from hospital yesterday after having her stomach pumped.

VERB : usu passive , have n V-ed


If you pump money or other resources into something such as a project or an industry, you invest a lot of money or resources in it. ( INFORMAL )

The Government needs to pump more money into community care.

VERB : V n into n


If you pump someone about something, you keep asking them questions in order to get information. ( INFORMAL )

He ran in every five minutes to pump me about the case...

Stop trying to pump information out of me.

= grill

VERB : V n about/for n , V n out of/from n


Pumps are canvas shoes with flat rubber soles which people wear for sports and leisure. ( mainly BRIT; in AM, use trainers )



Pumps are women’s shoes that do not cover the top part of the foot and are usually made of plain leather. ( AM; in BRIT, use court shoes )



To prime the pump means to do something to encourage the success or growth of something, especially the economy. ( mainly AM )

...the use of tax money to prime the pump of the state’s economy.

PHRASE : V inflects

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.