Meaning of PUMP in English

PUMP

/ pʌmp; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

a machine that is used to force liquid, gas or air into or out of sth :

She washed her face at the pump in front of the inn.

( BrE )

a petrol pump

( NAmE )

a gas pump

a foot / hand pump (= that you work by using your foot or hand)

a bicycle pump

—see also stomach pump

2.

( BrE ) = plimsoll

3.

( especially NAmE ) = court shoe

4.

( BrE ) a light soft shoe that you wear for dancing or exercise :

ballet pumps

IDIOMS

see hand noun , prime verb

■ verb

1.

to make water, air, gas, etc. flow in a particular direction by using a pump or sth that works like a pump :

[ vn ]

The engine is used for pumping water out of the mine.

The heart pumps blood around the body.

[ vn - adj ]

The lake had been pumped dry.

[also v ]

2.

[ v + adv. / prep. ] ( of a liquid ) to flow in a particular direction as if it is being forced by a pump :

Blood was pumping out of his wound.

3.

[ vn ] to move sth quickly up and down or in and out :

He kept pumping my hand up and down.

I pumped the handle like crazy.

4.

[ v ] to move quickly up and down or in and out :

She sprinted for the line, legs pumping.

My heart was pumping with excitement.

5.

[ vn ] pump sb (for sth) ( informal ) to try to get information from sb by asking them a lot of questions :

See if you can pump him for more details.

IDIOMS

- pump bullets, shots, etc. into sb

- pump sb full of sth

- pump iron

- pump sb's stomach

PHRASAL VERBS

- pump sth into sth | pump sth in

- pump sth into sb

- pump sth out

- pump sb up

- pump sth up

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun sense 1 and verb late Middle English (originally in nautical use): related to Dutch pomp ship's pump (earlier in the sense wooden or metal conduit), probably partly of imitative origin.

noun senses 2 to 4 mid 16th cent.: of unknown origin.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.