Meaning of PUMP in English

I. ˈpəmp noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English pumpe, pompe, from Middle Low German pumpe or Middle Dutch pompe, probably from Spanish bomba, of imitative origin


a. : a device or machine that raises, transfers, or compresses fluids or that attenuates gases especially by suction or pressure or both — see centrifugal pump , displacement pump , jet pump , piston pump , rotary pump

b. : a part of an animal organism that functions as a mechanical pump ; specifically : heart

the doctor in Washington said I had a good pump — O.W.Holmes †1935


a. : an act or the process of pumping

b. : a stroke of a pump

3. : one that pumps especially for information

4. : pump gun

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1. : to raise (as water) with a pump — often used with up or out


a. : to pour forth, eject, deliver, force, or draw in the manner of a pump or one using a pump

spring pumps mildly sulfurous hot water into a deep pool — J.A.Michener

the blood is pumped into the running and fighting muscles — H.A.Overstreet

pumped bullets into five congressmen — U.S. News & World Report

knowledge pumped into their resisting skulls — H.F. & Katharine Pringle

pumped fresh life into art … by using his own raw experiences — L.B.Nicolson

b. : to direct, assign, or influence the flow of (money) for stimulating or building up something (as agriculture, trade, or a business)

the power of the Federal Reserve system to pump cash into the commercial banks — R.S.Sayers

foreign aid programs which have pumped dollars into world trade channels — Introduction to Doing Import & Export Business

pump extra capital into the land — Economist


a. : to subject to efforts intended to draw out, obtain, or extract (as information, secrets, money) : ply persistently with urgings and questions in order to elicit something

had been pumped long ago for biographical material — Times Literary Supplement

b. : to draw out, elicit, or extract by such efforts

tried to pump out from his memory reminiscences of his youth — H.S.Canby

4. : to draw water, air, or other fluid from : free from water by means of a pump

pump a well dry

pump out a ship


a. : to manipulate as or as if a pump handle

he pumped Daniel's hand — Walter O'Meara

just pump the lever and shoot it — Ernest Hemingway

b. : to operate by so manipulating a lever or handle

a parcel-conveying system … which he operated by pumping the sewing-machine treadle — Clarence Woodbury

pump a handcar

pump a bicycle

6. : to reduce by exertion to a breathless or panting condition — often used with out

after the race he was all pumped out

7. : to fill with air by means of a pump or bellows

pump up a tire

8. : to inject a preservative solution into (ham or other meat) by means of a needle and pump

intransitive verb

1. : to work a pump : raise or move water or other fluid with a pump

mill pumping away on an almost still day — Laura Krey

2. : to drive, eject, or pour forth contents in the manner of a pump

rifles pumped continuously


a. : to exert oneself to pump something or somebody

constricting the throat muscles, instead of pumping more vigorously with the abdominal muscles — A.T.Weaver

never tell our secrets to people that pump for them — O.W.Holmes †1894

b. : to throb heavily

heart pumped hard — Marcia Davenport


a. : to move up and down like a pump handle

with a pumping of wings the birds were gone — Shirley A. Grau

bicycled by … her knees pumping furiously — Lael Tucker

a handcar operated by pumping

b. : to run, fly, or move as the result of such movement especially of legs or wings

a man came pumping up the road on a bicycle — Nelson Hayes

we would stand up in the swing and pump — Gordon Wilson

runner was rounding second, pumping for third — George Barrett

5. : to spurt out intermittently

blood pumps from a cut artery

6. of a mechanical or electrical device : hunt 3, pulsate , seesaw

7. : to take a full windup before pitching a baseball

- pump by heads

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: origin unknown

: a low shoe not fastened on and gripping the foot chiefly at the toe and heel

IV. noun

1. : an energy source (as light) for pumping atoms or molecules

2. : the process of pumping atoms or molecules

3. : a biological mechanism by which atoms, ions, or molecules are transported across cell membranes — see sodium pump herein

V. transitive verb

1. : to transport (as ions) against a concentration gradient by the expenditure of energy


a. : to excite (as atoms or molecules) especially so as to cause emission of coherent monochromatic electromagnetic radiation (as in a laser)

b. : to energize (as a laser) by pumping

3. : promote 4c

pumped his new book in TV and radio interviews

- pump iron

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.