Meaning of PUMP in English

1. n. & v.


1. a machine, usu. with rotary action or the reciprocal action of a piston, for raising or moving liquids, compressing gases, inflating tyres, etc.

2 an instance of pumping; a stroke of a pump.


1. tr. (often foll. by in, out, into, up, etc.) raise or remove (liquid, gas, etc.) with a pump.

2 tr. (often foll. by up) fill (a tyre etc.) with air.

3 tr. remove (water etc.) with a pump.

4 intr. work a pump.

5 tr. (often foll. by out) cause to move, pour forth, etc., as if by pumping.

6 tr. elicit information from (a person) by persistent questioning.

7 tr. a move vigorously up and down. b shake (a person's hand) effusively.

Phrases and idioms:

pump-brake a handle of a pump, esp. with a transverse bar for several people to work at. pump-handle colloq. shake (a person's hand) effusively. pump iron colloq. exercise with weights. pump-priming

1. introduce fluid etc. into a pump to prepare it for working.

2 esp. US the stimulation of commerce etc. by investment.

pump room

1. a room where fuel pumps etc. are stored or controlled.

2 a room at a spa etc. where medicinal water is dispensed.

Etymology: ME pumpe, pompe (orig. Naut.): prob. imit. 2. n.1 a plimsoll.

2 a light shoe for dancing etc.

3 US a court shoe.

Etymology: 16th c.: orig. unkn.

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.