Meaning of COOK in English

COOK

INDEX:

1. to cook something

2. ways of cooking

3. not cooked

4. cooked too much

5. the activity of cooking

6. a style of cooking

7. instructions for cooking

8. something that is used in cooking

9. someone who cooks

RELATED WORDS

to prepare food by cutting it : ↑ CUT (2)

to prepare food by mixing it : ↑ MIX

see also

↑ FOOD

↑ MEAL

↑ DRINK

↑ TASTE

↑ EAT

↑ DELICIOUS

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1. to cook something

▷ cook /kʊk/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to prepare food or a meal by heating it, boiling it, frying it etc :

▪ I’m just too tired to cook after work.

▪ Prick the potatoes with a fork before cooking them.

cook lunch/supper/a meal etc

▪ I usually cook a big meal on Sundays.

cook (something) for somebody

cook a meal for someone

▪ The last time she cooked a meal for us we really enjoyed it.

cooked [adjective]

▪ Mix the vegetables with the cooked rice.

▪ Is the pasta cooked yet?

▷ make /meɪk/ [transitive verb]

to make a meal or dish or type of food, either by cooking it or by preparing it in some other way :

▪ My mother used to make delicious strawberry jam.

▪ I think I’ll make fish pie for supper.

▪ I’ll make the salad if you’ll make the pasta.

make lunch/dinner/supper etc

▪ When I got home, Martin was in the kitchen making lunch.

make somebody something

▪ I’ll make you some sandwiches to take with you.

▷ get /get/ [transitive verb not in passive] especially British, spoken

to cook or prepare a meal :

▪ Sit down and let me get dinner.

▪ Joey was downstairs getting the kids their breakfast.

▷ fix /fɪks/ [transitive verb] especially American

to make a meal or dish - use this about meals you make quickly, not about big, formal meals :

fix breakfast/lunch/dinner etc

▪ I have to fix lunch now.

fix somebody something

▪ If you’re hungry, I can fix you some scrambled eggs.

▷ rustle up /ˌrʌs ə l ˈʌp/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to make a meal quickly using whatever food you have available :

▪ She managed to rustle up a delicious meal with just a little salad and some eggs.

rustle something up

▪ ‘I don’t think there’s any food in the house.’ ‘Don’t worry, I’m sure we can rustle something up.’

▷ prepare /prɪˈpeəʳ/ [transitive verb] written

to make a meal, especially something that needs time, effort, or skill :

▪ Prepare a vinaigrette dressing with olive oil, white wine vinegar, and mustard.

▪ Some French dishes take hours to prepare.

▪ Mrs Fujimoto prepared a delicious meal for them.

▷ do /duː/ [transitive verb] spoken informal

to make a particular kind of food :

do something

▪ I was thinking of doing fish tonight.

do somebody something

▪ I could do you an omelette.

▷ concoct /kənˈkɒktǁ-ˈkɑːkt/ [transitive verb]

to make an unusual or unpleasant drink, dish, or medicine, by mixing together several different things :

concoct something

▪ For the party, they had concocted a special cocktail containing, among other things, rum and vodka.

concoct something out of

▪ Whenever I had a cold, my grandmother would concoct a remedy out of herbs, ginger, lemons and garlic.

concoction /kənˈkɒkʃ ə nǁ-ˈkɑːk-/ [countable noun]

▪ In the glass was a greenish concoction with pieces of ice and fruit floating in it.

▷ mix /mɪks/ [transitive verb]

to make a drink by mixing two or more liquids or substances together :

▪ If they sell cocktails would you ask the bartender to mix a Harvey Wallbanger?

▪ You can leave the meal cooking while you mix a drink for your guests.

▷ put something on /ˌpʊt something ˈɒn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

put the dinner/potatoes/vegetables etc on

to start cooking something :

▪ Can we put the dinner on? I’m starved.

▪ They’ll be here soon. You’d better put the steaks on.

▷ be on /biː ˈɒn/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if food is on, it is being cooked :

▪ The soup is on, so dinner will be ready in about twenty minutes.

▪ Okay, the chicken is on. What can I do now?

2. ways of cooking

▷ cook /kʊk/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

▪ In a large sauté pan, cook the bacon until crisp.

▪ Cover and cook slowly until beets are tender, stirring occasionally.

▷ boil /bɔɪl/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cook food in very hot water :

▪ Boil the potatoes until they are soft.

▪ The beans should be boiled rapidly for at least twenty minutes.

boiled [adjective only before noun]

▪ boiled eggs

▷ simmer /ˈsɪməʳ/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cook food slowly in water that is boiling very gently :

▪ Simmer the macaroni in lightly salted water.

▪ Cover the pan and let it simmer for fifteen minutes.

simmer gently/slowly

▪ Combine all ingredients and simmer gently for 30 to 45 minutes.

▷ fry /fraɪ/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cook food in hot oil, butter, or fat :

▪ Fry the onions gently for five minutes.

▪ Mushrooms are best when fried in olive oil.

fried [adjective only before noun]

▪ the smell of fried bacon

▷ stir-fry /ˈstɜːʳ fraɪ/ [transitive verb]

to cook something by mixing it in hot oil for a short time and keeping it moving in the pan :

▪ Add the garlic, ginger and onions and stir-fry for 30 seconds.

▪ Water chestnuts can be eaten straight from the tin or stir-fried.

▪ Chinese peanut oils are perfect for stir-frying.

▷ bake /beɪk/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cook food in an oven, for example bread, cakes, or potatoes :

▪ My grandmother baked her own bread.

▪ Bake at 190C for 20-25 minutes.

▪ Bake the soufflés for 12 minutes.

▪ Place on a baking sheet and bake in a very low oven until crisp.

baked [adjective]

▪ I love baked potatoes with cheese and broccoli.

▷ roast /rəʊst/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cook meat or vegetables in an oven or over a fire :

▪ Roast the chicken for three hours in a hot oven.

▪ the smell of roasting meat

roast [adjective only before noun]

▪ There’s some cold roast beef in the fridge.

▷ grill/broil /grɪl, brɔɪl/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cook food by putting it directly underneath a flame or a heated electric object :

▪ Grill the steak for about five minutes on each side.

▪ Brush the kebabs lightly with oil and broil them.

▪ Broil until cheese melts and edges of bread are crusty.

grilled/broiled [adjective]

▪ I like grilled sole.

▪ I ordered broiled steak, French fries and salad.

▷ steam /stiːm/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to cook food in steam :

▪ Steam the courgettes for 3-4 minutes.

▪ The broccoli, peppers and squash should be steamed.

steamed [adjective only before noun]

▪ a steamed pudding

3. not cooked

▷ raw /rɔː/ [adjective]

raw food has not been cooked :

▪ Sushi consists of raw fish and rice.

▪ a salad made with nuts, raisins and raw carrots

▪ If you can’t resist snacking between meals, eat something healthy such as fruit or raw vegetables.

▷ uncooked /ˌʌnˈkʊkt◂/ [adjective usually before noun]

uncooked food has not yet been cooked, but should be cooked before it is eaten :

▪ Uncooked meat should be stored separately.

▪ Spoon the sauce into large uncooked pasta shells.

▷ underdone/undercooked/not cooked /ˌʌndəʳˈdʌn◂, ˌʌndəʳˈkʊkt◂, nɒt ˈkʊkt/ [adjective] informal

not cooked for long enough :

▪ It can be dangerous to eat undercooked pork.

▪ The potatoes were underdone.

▪ The poultry wasn’t cooked and the fish was practically raw.

4. cooked too much

▷ overcooked/overdone /ˌəʊvəʳˈkʊkt◂, ˌəʊvəʳˈdʌn◂/ [adjective]

food that is overcooked or overdone has been cooked too much and does not taste nice :

▪ The steak’s a little overdone.

▪ I hate overcooked vegetables.

▷ burn /bɜːʳn/ [transitive verb]

to cook food for too long, or too close to the heat, so that it becomes black on the outside :

▪ Oh, no! I’ve burnt the chicken!

▪ The muffins are a little burned on the bottom.

burned/burnt British [adjective]

▪ the smell of burnt hamburger

5. the activity of cooking

▷ cooking /ˈkʊkɪŋ/ [uncountable noun]

the activity of cooking :

▪ His hobbies include cooking and wine-making.

do the cooking

▪ Who does the cooking in your house?

▷ cookery /ˈkʊk ə ri/ [uncountable noun] British

the activity or study of cooking :

▪ My favourite subject at school was cookery.

▪ Ken Lowery, a cookery expert, will be giving free demonstrations from 4.30 until 7.00.

▪ She studied at a vegetarian cookery school in London.

6. a style of cooking

▷ cooking /ˈkʊkɪŋ/ [uncountable noun]

the way food is cooked by a particular person or in a particular place :

▪ I can recommend that new Greek restaurant. Their cooking is excellent.

▪ Stop criticizing my cooking!

French/Chinese/Italian etc cooking

▪ Karen loves Italian cooking.

▪ Maybe you should take a Chinese cooking class.

home cooking

cooking that you do at home

▪ There’s nothing like home cooking.

▷ cookery /ˈkʊk ə ri/ [uncountable noun] British

the way food is cooked in a particular place :

▪ Annatto is a small seed used in Latin American cookery.

▪ Puddings are a great speciality of British cookery.

▷ cuisine /kwɪˈziːn/ [uncountable noun] formal

the style of cooking of a particular country or place, especially when the food is very good :

▪ Hungary has an excellent and internationally recognised cuisine.

French/Italian/Chinese etc cuisine

▪ Trompe Le Monde features classic French cuisine served amid sumptuous surroundings.

▪ Venetian cuisine is based on seafood and rice.

7. instructions for cooking

▷ recipe /ˈresɪpi, ˈresəpi/ [countable noun]

a set of instructions for cooking a particular meal or type of food :

▪ I’m not a great cook, but I can follow a recipe pretty well.

▪ rabbit pie made to a traditional country recipe

recipe for

▪ Could you give me the recipe for that chocolate cake?

▷ cookbook also recipe/cookery book British /ˈkʊkbʊk, ˈresə̇pi,ˈkʊk ə ri bʊk/ [countable noun]

a book that has instructions for preparing various dishes :

▪ Peters is the author of the popular cookbook ‘Doing it in the Kitchen’.

▪ an illustrated cookbook

French/Italian/Japanese etc cookbook

▪ We have several French cookbooks in stock.

8. something that is used in cooking

▷ cooking /ˈkʊkɪŋ/ [adjective only before noun]

cooking utensils/oil/salt etc

used for or in cooking, and not usually for anything else :

▪ We keep all the cooking utensils on the bottom shelf.

▪ That’s cooking chocolate -- you shouldn’t really eat it on its own.

▷ culinary /ˈkʌlɪn ə ri, ˈkʌlən ə riǁˈkʌlə̇neri, ˈkjuːl-/ [adjective] formal

used for or in cooking :

▪ Mint is perhaps the best-known of culinary herbs.

▪ The use of garlic, whether for medicinal or culinary purposes, dates back several centuries.

9. someone who cooks

▷ cook /kʊk/ [countable noun]

someone who cooks food, either as their job or for pleasure :

▪ Jane used to work as a cook in an Italian restaurant.

a good/excellent/terrible cook

someone who is very good or very bad at cooking

▪ Frank’s a very good cook.

▷ chef /ʃef/ [countable noun]

a cook in a restaurant or hotel, especially one who has been trained in a special school to do this work :

▪ Marco’s ambition had been to become a chef in one of the big hotels.

▪ Sagin is a 31-year-old French chef living and working in Montreal.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .