Meaning of ISSUE in English

ISSUE

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a central issue

Education is a central issue for the government.

a controversial issue/topic/subject

I tried to avoid controversial topics such as politics and religion.

a crucial issue

The study of consumer behaviour is a crucial issue in marketing.

a fundamental issue

This report raises a number of fundamental issues.

a key issue/question/point

The environment became a key issue during the election.

a moral issue

a debate on the moral issues surrounding the use of animals in medical research

a policy issue

He rarely consulted him on general policy issues.

a political issue

Health care has become a major political issue.

address a problem/question/issue etc

Our products address the needs of real users.

clarify issues/a statement/matters etc

Could you clarify one or two points for me?

Reporters asked him to clarify his position say exactly what his beliefs are on welfare reform.

communiqué...issued

A communiqué was issued by NATO Defence Ministers.

conservation measures/policies/issues etc

It is important that nature conservation issues are taken into account.

contemporary issues (= subjects or problems that a lot of people are talking about )

contemporary issues such as transport and pollution

contentious issue/area/subject etc

Animal welfare did not become a contentious issue until the late 1970s.

deal with an issue/matter/question

New laws were introduced to deal with the issue.

discuss the matter/issue formal (= discuss a subject or problem )

The two leaders met to discuss the issue further.

divisive issue

The strike was a divisive issue in the community.

dodge an issue/question

Senator O'Brian skilfully dodged the crucial question.

draw up/issue guidelines

The hospital has issued new guidelines on the treatment of mentally ill patients.

duck...issue

The ruling body wanted to duck the issue of whether players had been cheating.

emotional issue

Abortion is a very emotional issue .

emotive issue/subject/word etc

Child abuse is an emotive subject.

environmental issues

Environmental issues, such as cliff erosion and pollution, directly affect people’s lives.

ethical issues/questions/problems

The use of animals in scientific tests raises difficult ethical questions.

evade...issue

I could tell that he was trying to evade the issue .

fudge...issue

He tried to fudge the issue by saying that he did not want to specify periods.

gender issues (= ideas and problems related to being male or female )

Businesses seem to pay more attention to gender issues in senior positions.

give/issue an order

Do not fire until I give the order.

grant/issue a licence

He was granted his flying instructor’s licence.

issue a certificate (= officially provide one )

The certificate will be issued upon payment of the fee.

issue a denial (= deny something publicly or officially )

Immediately the government issued a denial of the rumours.

issue a description (= formally give a description of someone to the public )

Police have issued a description of the two men they are looking for.

issue a permit

Up to ten fishing permits are issued each day.

issue a warning (= officially warn people )

The government issued a warning about eating raw eggs.

issue an apology (= make an official public apology )

North Korea issued an official apology for the incident.

issued warrants

The company issued warrants for 300,000 shares.

issued...decree

The Emperor issued the decree repealing martial law.

issue/deliver an ultimatum (= officially give someone an ultimatum )

The authorities issued an ultimatum to the students to end their protest or face arrest.

issued...news release

The University has issued a news release announcing the results of their experiments.

issued...proclamation

The authorities issued a proclamation forbidding public meetings.

issued...warrant

The magistrate issued a warrant for his arrest.

issued...writ

He issued a writ against the newspaper.

issue/release/put out a statement (= give a written statement to newspapers, TV etc )

The Russian Foreign Ministry issued a short statement saying the meeting was ‘useful’.

issue...summons

The judge must issue a summons .

live issue

Drink-driving is still very much a live issue .

make/issue a threat

Neighbours say that they heard Gardiner make threats against his wife.

make/issue an announcement

The next day an announcement was issued to staff, saying the company would be closing.

The government issued an announcement saying that it was not prepared to negotiate with terrorists.

make/issue/launch an appeal

Detectives are making an urgent appeal for information.

The hospital has launched an appeal to raise money for new equipment.

pocketbook issues (= that concern money )

Older voters are most concerned about pocketbook issues .

resolve an issue/matter/question

Has the issue been resolved yet?

rights issue

side issue

The tax proposal is really a side issue with us.

skirted around...issues

a disappointing speech that skirted around all the main issues

substantive matters/issues

The State Department reported that substantive discussions had taken place with Beijing.

tackle a problem/issue/question

The government has failed to tackle the problem of youth crime.

the date of publication/issue/departure etc formal

The insurance will only cover costs incurred on or after the date of departure.

topical subject/issue/theme etc

a new TV comedy dealing with topical issues

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

big

The gum on the back of each of the bigger special issues , such as the Christmas stamps, is worth 14.5 calories.

Multinational firms be-come a big issue .

What can ethnography tell us about the big issues ?

That was two years before it became a big civil rights issue .

The big issue that morning was whether to release feeding stuff from the mills for distribution to the farms.

What is worse, big issues never stay settled.

Everyday matters seemed too much for him since the murder, they knew he could not cope with the bigger issues .

Trust will be a big , big issue in the campaign.

central

We here came to a central issue in all our discussions.

As in my other books, I have used interviews with individuals to explore and illustrate the central issues .

Drug revelations aside, the claims of exuberant youth versus wily experience will be a central issue .

The problem called by Mead the central issue of every human society arose: what to do with the males.

The central issue here is the assumptions about future agricultural technology which are made when assessing tolerable soil losses.

This identity fear is also the central issue I see working with executives contemplating merging or selling their companies and executive succession.

But this lofty and detached comment misses the central issues of comparison and equality in penal treatment.

Balancing the budget is important, but it is not the central issue .

complex

It is important however to clarify some of the points made in relation to this often complex issue .

Television generally simplifies complex issues by using specific and dramatic examples to explain a topic.

The results of this investigation should help to clarify some of the complex issues involved in the debate on gender and schooling.

Managing creativity has always been a complex issue .

There are a number of complex issues bound up with this particular matter, ontological and epistemological, practical as well as theoretical.

Reyes Heroles is well-respected for his ability to quickly grasp complex issues .

This is a particularly complex issue , largely beyond the scope of this book.

That definition, which is taken from Box's study, is rather long-winded, but corporate crime is a complex issue .

contentious

Outside the state apparatuses public opinion was becoming increasingly polarized over the contentious issue of greater state powers.

He was intimately involved with many of the most contentious issues in the three years of design and construction.

Axworthy pointed to other contentious issues between the two neighbors that require resolution.

The most contentious issue in the early days of the second session was the collegiality of bishops.

Hardly ever, except perhaps when focusing on especially contentious and critical issues .

The most contentious planning issue was perhaps the question of retailing.

With so much hype surrounding the Internet and its potential for commercial opportunities, market research has been a contentious issue .

current

By now, probably half the small ads in the current issue had been placed by aliens.

It organises seminars and educational programmes on a wide range of current issues .

What do you think is the most important current issue in fishkeeping?

I still have a copy of Spring 1931 Nonesuch - a much more lighthearted effort than your current issue .

Students love Streetwise, especially because of the current issues .

Back to nursing events are not new but are a valuable means of locating nurses and interesting them in current health issues .

In addition, the automated check-in facility will alert readers to current issues of periodicals as soon as they are processed.

In the current situation many issues as yet remain unresolved and we do not have all the answers.

economic

Candidates are therefore required to display a knowledge of business practice and an ability to discuss commercial and economic issues .

The study of wider social, economic and organisational issues in health care is a major component.

Coleridge insisted on the interdependence of economic issues and social, moral, and religious concerns.

Other crucial factors are the distribution of social and economic benefits and issues of accountability.

The national summarizes complex social and economic issues where the sources of fury are more obvious.

The participating States stress that the Economic Forum remains the main venue for discussion of economic dimension issues .

environmental

The region's indigenous peoples demand that they be included in discussion about environmental issues and development.

The league tabulated votes on 12 key environmental issues in the House and 14 in the Senate.

He is developing a company called Earthspeak Productions to produce television programmes on all types of environmental issues .

Perhaps it is not reasonable to expect news reporters to sort fact from fiction when complex environmental issues are at stake.

Accordingly attention is now turned towards environmental issues in the countryside, beginning with recreation.

The lawsuit asks a judge to halt the project until environmental issues are sorted out.

But we're still making much heavier going of getting to grips with these and many other environmental issues than seems justified.

He sits in the House of Lords as a cross-bencher and is active in debates, particularly on environmental issues .

ethical

Are we to teach science but never consider the ethical issues ?

The ethical issue is on the table now.

New Genetics, New Food New technology is already raising ethical issues for both vegetarians and non-vegetarians.

Now there is a patchwork of state legislation enacted to deal with the legal and ethical issues raised by genetic information.

Contrary to a lawyer's yen for neatness there are few unambiguous signposts for modern medics facing this or many other ethical issues .

Two, can you come up with some moral principle, some ethical issue that is so important it justifies deception?

It was not asked to recommend whether hunting should be banned, or to consider moral or ethical issues .

But none of this alters the ethical issue and the consequent injustice done in 1985.

important

Let's concentrate on the important , serious issues and spend less time worrying about such matters as the quality of the beer.

Perhaps the most important issue , however, is the possibility of causing curriculum backwash.

As futuristic as the concept seems, it addresses here and now one of the most important issues in multimedia development.

The most important issue was the injustice and violence of the actual verdict.

Debates over important issues , from nuclear weapons to public ownership, have been settled by manipulation rather than persuasion.

It didn't matter that all of the important issues were being ignored.

However, it's a very important issue and must be addressed properly.

More fundamentally, this preoccupation with numerical aspects may draw attention away from important issues that are more difficult to quantify.

key

In assessing the suitability of any credit insurance underwriter, companies must be satisfied with a number of key issues .

The diplomats said problems along the Southwest border will be among the key issues discussed by Bush and Fox at the summit.

It is, in fact, the amount and type of fat in the diet that is the key issue .

Traffic, noise and wildlife will be key issues , Collinsworth said.

Thus the key issue is one of trust.

There are a variety of designs and sizes, and ergonomists seem to feel that size is one of the key issues .

The reasons for selling can vary enormously and will affect what the vendor sees as the key issues .

Everyone was well prepared and focused on the key issues .

late

The latest issue of the San Francisco magazine Might includes instructions for bathroom attendants who want to boost their tips.

Company magazine backs a campaign and petition to keep all brands of the Pill available free on prescription in its latest issue .

J., who reported their results in the latest issue of the journal Science.

main

He argues that the main issue is not being addressed.

But the main issue is that this could be fatal.

It is true that some opponents of the Government saw rearmament as the main issue - notably Churchill.

One of the main issues today is the future of young people.

The November campaign was, if anything, a bit too earnest, with education the main issue .

The main issue , they say, is safety.

Other resistances or blocks to communication can be more than an initial reluctance to talk about the main issues .

The main issue of interest to Catholic school headteachers and staff was the evaluation of the Catholic school.

major

But it's becoming a major issue as landfill sites fill up.

Observers had predicted that regardless of the winner in the special election, the council would be divided 3-2 on major issues .

Technology transfer was also recognized as a major issue .

Does the political leadership act with unanimity on all major issues ? 2.

Two major theoretical issues underlie the reality of health care provision for older people.

Morale would be a major issue , and Steve was known for his strong interest in people.

A major issue in hypermedia, however, is the danger of users getting lost among the complex network of multimedia nodes.

There is also agreement about many major issues which need to be addressed.

other

For the while the war went on. Other issues and events now came to complicate events.

Thus while the original concern was not dealt with, other issues which had been raised earlier were.

History of the share capital including details of any bonus, rights or other issues . 11.

These and other similarly familiar issues are examined in chapter 4 in the light of changing international circumstance.

Social workers need to weigh up its importance alongside other issues where they may have a greater contribution.

However, there are a number of other issues to consider in this context 1.

Contrary to a lawyer's yen for neatness there are few unambiguous signposts for modern medics facing this or many other ethical issues .

A number of questions are opened up concerning rights, obligations and other kinship issues .

political

It is not a political issue about women sharing a function hitherto assigned to men.

And his family is deeply unhappy and divided over political and social issues of the day.

The National Party had in March 1990 committed itself to maintaining the ban which then ceased to be a domestic political issue .

Thus it can be the grounds for greater tolerance and wiser value judgments about normative political issues .

As part of this study, we listened at length to adolescent schoolchildren discussing political issues .

Age-sensitive political issues such as Social Security and Medicare will play a major role in the campaign, of course.

It became ever more difficult to prevent public discussion of political issues .

If nothing else, Amlee points out, the recall showed that in Tucson, water is a very political issue .

real

At the very least, it would mean that the real issues are debated rather than the trivial detail of statistics and history.

The real issue for Columbus was the size of the sea, not the shape of the Earth.

Clearly they each believed there was a real issue , and that the other was intelligent enough to pursue it.

In that crisis, was Bizerta the real issue , or was it mutually wounded pride?

More importantly, it was regarded as a distraction from the real issues of environment and development.

The real issue , they predict, will boil down to fairness and simple human dignity.

But there is a real issue: in whose custodial territory does software fall?

But he was avoiding the real issue , and he knew it.

sensitive

This is a sensitive issue on which many wax indignant.

The development programme is also a sensitive issue .

Weight remains a sensitive issue for Engler, who is constantly fighting a sometimes serious battle of the bulge.

And being able to discuss sensitive issues with strangers while retaining a comfortable degree of anonymity often makes for startlingly intimate communication.

Encourage employees to adopt a problem-solving attitude when discussing sensitive issues .

How can teachers be supported to help them deal with sensitive issues ?

This has emerged as a sensitive issue because it involves the Red Cross, which normally conducts the visits.

social

In most modern societies, parties have key positions on economic and social issues or on constitutional matters.

In college I became more conscious of social issues , and that expanded at law school.

It helps me relax after a hard day's rapping about controversial political and social issues .

A separate report on social issues , by the Labatt Anderson consulting firm, is expected to be issued later this year.

Environmental reporting emphasizes individual action rather than underlying social forces and issues .

The 1980s were a decade in which many social issues came to the fore.

Those are the kinds of broader social issues raised in the articles in this Section of the Reader.

On high-profile Republican social issues , Forbes tends to adopt a libertarian respect for privacy.

wide

It is clear, however, that Beveridge paid scant attention to these wider issues .

A wide range of issues determine how a neighborhood fares -- location, school district, income levels and even airport noise.

Spending resources before financial deadlines has come to dominate the administration of Partnerships and Programme Authorities, instead of wider strategic issues .

Over the past decade, he has made statements, often provocative, about a wide variety of issues .

For them, wider issues are involved.

But from where I stand, it is the wider issue of transparency that really counts.

But wider issues are at stake.

The second innovation is more interesting and raises wider issues .

■ NOUN

policy

The programme will conclude with a multi-country study of policy issues and policy processes in at least three of the countries studied.

Roles of the Legislature Legislatures have always been structures in which policy issues are discussed and assessed.

The third policy issue is of a nature more specific to management development.

For many countries where free speech is alien, the Internet presents interesting problems and policy issues .

With the current economics of nuclear power, this should prove to be a relatively straight forward policy issue .

Answer: many policy issues admit to no immediately-obvious solution.

There may be important public policy issues which dictate that the implied terms as to quality should extend even to private sellers.

■ VERB

address

Also, I wanted to address the issue in a celebratory way, to take the fear out of the issue.

But with the significant exception of presidential candidate Pat Buchanan, few prominent Republicans have addressed those issues in recent months.

More recent evidence, whilst not addressing this issue directly, tends to suggest that this desired relationship is still important.

You have to continually be pro-active to address issues of racism.

We did not expect or intend that the project should address issues of this kind.

Before exploring this suggestion further, it will be necessary to address certain issues that I have glossed over.

The present arrangements for approving and monitoring private care don't address any of these issues .

avoid

So he made a go of permanently avoiding the issue .

They can avoid discussing the important issues by keeping us out of the debates.

Mr Kundera was strongly attacked for his view, and Mr Duroselle appears to be avoiding the issue .

But he was avoiding the real issue , and he knew it.

Beccaria's attempt to avoid the issue while retaining the conception of tree will was, perhaps, asking for trouble.

Instead, the agency now avoids guidelines on the issue altogether and simply states the lack of scientific evidence.

This is not just avoiding violence - it is simply avoiding the issue .

Rylander, whose re-election this year is opposed by Democrat Hector Uribe, avoided those issues .

become

It can also lead to the efficacy of our advice becoming the burning issue of discussion.

Rather, personality and celebrity become the issues .

But from then until 1917 it became an issue of major importance.

In his role as conservative leader, Scott has become active in other issues on the Columbia campus.

This became a central issue in opposition to new housing since population growth as such was something of a red-herring.

In a backwards kind of way, it became the decisive issue in the race.

In the latter case every change tends to become a pay issue and another bureaucratic burden on the organization.

This became a national issue focussing on the proposed mining of gold on Croagh Patrick in Co.

consider

It is perhaps particularly appropriate to consider tourism in an issue of the magazine whose theme is writers.

It is appropriate here, however, to consider briefly the treatment issue of moderation goals.

Are we to teach science but never consider the ethical issues ?

The justices today agreed to consider the issue in connection with two similar federal drug prosecutions.

Court of Appeals judges considered the bias issue and also raised concerns about technical aspects of Jackson's ruling.

He argues for the coordination of agencies involved in supporting young people and considers the major issues these agencies need to address.

Or consider the issue of vacuous names, names that do not name anything.

deal

Commentary articles deal with issues in, or arising from, research that are also of interest to readers outside research.

So he says dealing with issues of race is unavoidable.

It has partner organisations in the developing world dealing with the issue at grassroots level.

Students therefore have developed their own methods of dealing with the issue .

Thus while the original concern was not dealt with, other issues which had been raised earlier were.

It deals with issues of humiliation, bitterness, pride and redemption.

These plans could deal with general issues and advise on practice of specific relevance to particular Departments.

On Friday, the network substituted different reruns for those weeks because each episode peripherally dealt with crime-related issues .

decide

It would be deciding the issue in advance, if she took it.

El Paso voters decided the issue only once, 10 years ago.

But it was the horses which decided the issue , as Ramsay had calculated they would.

Some teachers were aware that they could now contribute to decision-making but still saw the head as deciding all the issues .

But late last month, Eckels said he wanted voters to have to decide the issue .

A tribunal is given authority to decide upon a particular issue .

The appeals court decides issues of law and not fact.

discuss

I commend his outlook to the House when we discuss issues relating to the social charter.

The city council met, discussed the issue , and eventually voted to go ahead.

Konstantin Morozov, exchanged visits on Jan. 14 and 27-28, to discuss security issues and a future treaty on good-neighbourly relations.

At various points the book invites the reader to undertake activities and then to discuss the issues with a group.

Unfortunately, it arrived right after our Work Group has met and discussed issues related to its inclusion or exclusion.

My purpose rather is to discuss the underlying issues in general terms and at a somewhat philosophic level.

These are not the first videos to discuss health issues , but he believes they are the first by an independent source.

raise

It will inevitably raise issues about the transparency and accountability of a political system that has changed little since the postwar settlement.

And the license was denied, though not on the grounds we cited, because our argument raised constitutional issues .

But the controversy released an avalanche of words and raised issues that are still being discussed by academics and journalists.

The Bush proposal for annual testing raises other issues .

The attacks raise several issues of policy.

In their statements, these organizations contributed ideas and raised issues of concern for participating States to take into consideration.

Readability of pictures Consideration of the readability of pictures immediately raises the issue of the intended audience.

But it raises a more serious issue .

resolve

The Profitboss will always investigate the complaint, putting personal time, effort and resource into resolving the issue .

In theory, network operators could target consumers with advertising, but this would raise technical and privacy issues not easily resolved .

The Conservative government resolved the issue by statute.

It is by no means easy to resolve such issues , and we can provide no firm solutions here.

We believe the key to customer satisfaction is to provide speedy access to those best placed to resolve issues quickly and efficiently.

Teachers can encourage children to resolve issues themselves and develop autonomy.

The idea of putting warning labels on drinks packaging is a simplistic and ineffective attempt to resolve a complex issue .

In the same way, the size of the PacTel vote provides an incentive for the company to resolve this issue .

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a hot issue/topic etc

Aphid insecticide resistance-a hot topic for beet and potato growers as well as horticulturalists.

Despite the ominous thunder of global war, the date on which to observe Thanksgiving was a hot issue.

Friday, 29 years after he was slain by a single rifle shot, his assassination is once again a hot topic.

Military service was a hot topic at Oxford in the mid-1950s, too.

Page description languages are currently a hot topic with much being written about the relative strengths and weaknesses of the various offerings.

Salah had succeeded in creating a hot issue.

a thorny question/problem/issue etc

In addition, sending encrypted data over international boundaries represents a thorny issue: it is still illegal in some countries.

Melding the top managements also would be a thorny issue.

None of these struck me as particularly penetrating answers to a thorny problem.

back issue/copy/number

A little later Bacon appeared, walked up to their table and asked Minton why he did not look after his back numbers.

Anyway, I thought you ought to know you have your reader back , and I enclose £4 for 4 back issues.

Lifelong readers who kept the back issues piled in their attics renewed their subscriptions like clockwork at the five-year rate.

Mackey had seen handbooks on guerrilla tactics, back issues of a racist magazine Guy published.

My parents collected all their copies of Wimpey News and we have back numbers going back to the 1940s.

Six issues cost $ 39, and new and back issues are available.

burning issue/question

Another burning issue is unfair dismissal.

But the burning question is: How many times a day do kids wander in looking to buy rolling papers?

It can also lead to the efficacy of our advice becoming the burning issue of discussion.

Quality, of design and typography rather than editorial matter, is a burning issue as far as desktop publishing is concerned.

The burning question is - how soon?

The star trek is over for today, but the burning questions are still unanswered.

Transmission has always been the burning issue for scientists interested in studying this epidemic.

cloud the issue/picture etc

These comments should not be allowed to cloud the picture too much.

confuse the issue/matter/argument etc

His reply was inpart denial of the criticisms, and inpart an attempt to change the issue or confuse the matter.

Making comparisons between brains is a very risky business because there are confounding variables to confuse the issue.

Perceptions, such as hers, distort the truth and confuse the issue.

The Catholic arguments confuse the issue, but this time, for all the wrong reasons, the Pope is infallible.

The politicians, on the lookout for arguments to extend their authoritarianism, jumped at this opportunity to confuse the issue.

This attempt to confuse the issue went unanswered, and Santa Anna continued his preparations to advance on the capital.

This will only serve to confuse the issue.

force the issue

What you are asking your tenants to do is reasonable, but you may decide not to force the issue.

And he did; he forced the issue.

At a minimum, they can force the issue back on to the political agenda and make Republicans publicly address the subject again.

But I was too tired now to force the issue.

He never tried to force the issue.

If you attempt to force the issue, you are told that this was another one of your dumb ideas.

In early spring, 1861, the new Confederate government decided to force the issue.

Time was getting tight on both projects, so I had to force the issue with him.

fringe group/event/issue etc

After the uproar created by Nicholas Tolstoy over the Cossack repatriations, the fringe groups had been taken very seriously.

Few attendees doubted that some fringe groups would respond violently.

One girl shared her story of a fringe group, which for ten years had dominated her life.

The remaining 5 percent aligned themselves with fringe groups such as the Natural Law, Green and Libertarian parties.

To transform a scholarly consensus into something that appears the obsession of a disreputable fringe group requires more than accidental bias.

muddy the waters/the issue

sidestep a problem/issue/question

But she sidesteps a question about her priorities in a time of limited funding.

the larger issues/question/problem/picture

But the larger picture is systematically distorted by the military and political calculations concerning the strategic uses of information and disinformation.

Here we are concerned with the larger problem of the relationship between men as a class and other animals as a class.

It has come to have a bearing on the larger questions of civilized survival.

Mission-driven budgets relieve legislators of micromanagement decisions, freeing them to focus on the larger problems they were elected to solve.

She was blind to the larger picture that involves building and maintaining good relationships with both fellow-workers and superiors.

That ignorance is at the root of geophysicists' struggle with the larger problem of how the whole earth works.

Too much, and the larger picture might become apparent.

You failed to connect the various elements together or to move through the detail to the larger issues of the painting.

the wider context/issues/picture etc

As ever, context is important, particularly the wider context of New Testament teaching.

Both require standing back from the day-to-day running of the organisation and examining the wider picture.

It is now necessary to situate these in the wider context of the social formation and in particular class structure.

More broadly, it was placed in the wider context of the continuing ambitions of central government to control local independence.

That fact must be put in the wider context.

The change depended upon changes in the wider context of controversy, which provoked the development of formerly implicit attitudinal aspects.

We would expect leaders at all levels to be aware of the wider context of their work.

What interpretations of the wider issues should it consider?

vexed question/issue/problem etc

A paradigm example of this is the vexed question of spatial visualisation.

And there is another vexed question.

I shall not turn to the vexed question of the national minimum wage.

Potentially an even bigger bombshell is about to burst on the vexed question of pension rights.

The vexed question has always been: Who should write the programs which control these machines?

Then there is the vexed issue of paying for tax cuts.

Until recently what was on the child's school record and whether parent or child could see it was a vexed question.

Was the vexed question of extradition discussed at the Council?

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a book dealing with environmental issues

Genetic manipulation is a fairly topical issue these days.

Global warming and youth crime are the key issues in the election campaign.

the issue of a driver's license

the issue of drugs in sports

the immigration issue

this week's issue of "Newsweek"

We'll be looking at a broad range of important issues in this chapter.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Another key issue is the choosing of appropriate neural network architecture and paradigms to match applications.

Chapters 9 and 10 deal with issues directly linked to scaling laws in chemistry and analytical devices.

Election campaign A key issue during the campaign was taxation.

In the grander sense, an issue basic to the progress of science.

Mr Wolfowitz is viewed as a hawk on many defence issues.

One of the issues in his last re- election campaign was that his eyelids frequently drooped during meetings.

So he says dealing with issues of race is unavoidable.

The research attempts to assess the nature and extent of black progress in recent years in light of these issues.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

apology

On Monday, Stanford athletic director Ted Leland issued the written apology in response to numerous complaints about the performance.

appeal

He also issued an appeal to all citizens to participate in political liberalization and in the development of the country.

arrest

Police have issued an arrest warrant for Mr de Michelis's former secretary, Barbara Ceolin.

They also issued an arrest warrant for a fourth worker.

Three people were arrested and warrants were issued for the arrest of other members of the group who were abroad.

A judge in Seoul issued the arrest warrants after union leaders ignored three court orders this week to appear for questioning.

A warrant has been issued for his arrest .

What he said is, he refused or declined to issue an arrest warrant.

A warrant was issued for his arrest . 90 jobs lost A children's clothes factory is to make 90 workers redundant.

When a warrant was issued for his arrest , the Hue and Cry listed among his friends four headmen and an ex-headman.

bank

Several goldsmiths developed into fully fledged banks and issued banknotes.

There is a good boat and up to ten bank fishing permits are issued each day.

For example, the manager of the Oldham branch of a clearing bank can not issue instructions to employees in the Huddersfield branch.

How is it that banks issue certain types of Credit which they expect will never be drawn on?

One way would be to form a holding company to which both banks would issue shares in proportion to their shareholders' funds.

bill

Yesterday the Department issued its student loans bill .

cards

The truth is that neither applicant actually wants to issue Switch cards , though Barclays says it is prepared to consider it.

Now more companies issue cards and many are willing to cut rates or waive annual fees to snare each others' customers.

The cigarette companies started to issue cards once again in the middle of 1922 and they quickly became a craze.

The U. S. Olympic Committee issued baseball-style trading cards .

As we saw earlier, societies were previously inhibited in this by the fact that they could not issue cheque guarantee cards .

They created an administrative grill, issuing identity cards to families, partly to control them and partly to streamline tax collection.

To draw attention to the hospitality provided at his inn Freeth issued printed invitation cards , written in verse.

certificate

On the day Wendy was to go home a woman came to issue a birth certificate for the baby.

The government's gold and diamond office in Freetown will issue the certificates .

The parties are under no contractual obligation to allow each other to make representations to the auditor before he issues his certificate .

Firms issuing false certificates might be subject to lawsuits, but these are expensive.

In view of the importance of the competences concerned, we will issue separate certificates for the units.

These laboratories are then authorised to issue formal certificates and reports for specific types of measurement and tests.

They issue certificates of deposits, often based on fictitious assets such as bogus gold mines.

court

Magistrates made a commitment order against him and asked the court to issue a warrant for his arrest.

She said he had not complied with a court order, issued in late 1993, to pay her.

The court then issues the summons and serves it on your debtor, usually by post.

The chancery court issued a restraining order forbidding desegregation in September.

Only 112 county court claims were issued in the week as opposed to around 1,000 the week before, she added.

The court is expected to issue a decision in the case before the Fourth of July.

Dunn should then have returned his reply to the court that issued the summons.

The high court should issue a decision by July.

declaration

Schafer could issue a state disaster declaration and request a Presidential Disaster Declaration as soon as Friday.

Department of Agriculture could issue its own declaration .

Instead, they issued the Potsdam Declaration , calling again for unconditional surrender on pain of great destruction.

decree

Presidential decrees enacting reform Gorbachev used his emergency presidential powers to issue during October four decrees marking critical steps towards market reform.

In Britain, Heath utilized the energy crisis to issue a decree in December imposing a three-day workweek on most industries.

Nine days later, President Blaise Compaoré issued decrees bringing the Constitution into immediate effect, and dissolving the government.

In December 1785 Joseph 11 issued an imperial decree limiting the number of Viennese lodges to three.

The President could issue decrees which would be binding throughout the country.

In Savoy as elsewhere, it was one thing to issue a decree and another to make it effective.

denial

The Army has consistently issued official denials of involvement.

Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, leader of Inkatha, on June 9 issued a denial of the allegations.

document

To help expatriates overcome differences in culture, their employers should issue them with briefing documents covering various points of concern.

Nice refused to comment, beyond acknowledging that it had issued a confidential consultation document .

The organising committee has also issued a tender document calling for designs for the mascot of the games.

government

After all, the government issued those bonds in prior years.

Yet the Mugabe government repeatedly issues public death threats against its foes.

The government issued a ban on public demonstrations; the students defied it and began to boycott classes.

Nobbs argues that the problem has been compounded because the government hasn't issued any planning advice to guide the industry.

Regional governments have started to issue their own kinds of surrogate money.

Will the Government issue clear guidance on which responsibilities will fall to health authorities and which to social services?

To address that problem the government will still issue dollar-denominated figures alongside the indexes.

guidelines

Age Concern believes that the Department of Health should develop a policy and issue national guidelines on the provision of such care.

It is odd that these harsh criticisms were issued before the guidelines were completed and publicly declared.

The Manufacturing, Science and Finance Union has issued guidelines to their 600,000 members telling them how to tackle the problem.

The Centers for Disease Control will soon issue new guidelines to deal with emerging strains of vancomycin-resistant staph.

The Inspectorate is considering issuing tighter guidelines on the matter.

Beginning in 1980 the Agriculture and Health departments have issued dietary guidelines every five years, based on the latest scientific evidence.

Well before then, I would hope that we can issue interim guidelines for comment.

The interior ministry has issued guidelines and practical advice.

instruction

Most preschool children are well able to issue instructions .

Based on the reports, he said he issued immediate instructions .

The State Committee's resolution was issued on Yeltsin's instruction .

After issuing instructions to Edelstein, Clanahan, and Boyd, the President adjourned the meeting until noon.

Our policy is that Information memoranda should be issued only on the instruction of the disposing entity.

For example, the manager of the Oldham branch of a clearing bank can not issue instructions to employees in the Huddersfield branch.

They will then issue instructions as to the action you should take.

invitation

Once you have issued the invitation it is important to make sure that the photographers will be able to do their job.

It was unclear who issued the invitation to Wynn.

It will, however, be trespass if she had no authority to issue that invitation .

She sent Talivaldis to the store for a large loaf of Wonder Bread and knocked on doors, issuing invitations .

Nigel decided to leave things a few weeks then issue an invitation to dinner.

To draw attention to the hospitality provided at his inn Freeth issued printed invitation cards, written in verse.

key

Every day we help clients-usually Fortune 500 types-do a better job in managing people, in resolving key people issues .

That last point is a key issue for Grasso.

The delivery of Central Arizona Project water was a key issue in the election.

letter

Professional legal advice should be sought by the Firm before issuing such an engagement letter .

An importer gets his own bank to guarantee payment by issuing a letter of credit.

As there are no plans to examine, the council is not obliged to issue any formal letter of approval.

The parent company has issued a legally-binding letter of support to the subsidiary.

licence

It called on ministers to set up a firearms control board which would vet all applicants before issuing a guns licence .

Less than four hours before the scheduled start, the local fire brigade refused to issue a safety licence for the arena.

note

Two-and five-year Treasury notes are issued monthly.

notice

Late yesterday, Fimbra issued a suspension notice preventing the company from taking any investments and freezing existing client funds.

The authority may issue a second reminder notice , but it is under no obligation to do so.

I carefully considered the information before me before deciding to issue the notice .

However, the Commission has recently issued a notice which goes some way towards defining the elements of them.

You will be issued with penalty notices and the amounts due will be shown on your self-assessment statements.

If within two years of that warning there is a second inaccuracy in the return, Customs will issue a penalty notice .

order

Some pretty quick action had taken place and she had no doubt at all as to who had been issuing orders .

Maturity is important to a leader because leading is not simply showing the way or issuing orders .

Given the value of experienced seamen in a war, has a navy ever issued orders forbidding it?

Debes gave them an additional forty-five minutes, then issued the order .

Creative people can be hostile to research, and your findings should be tactfully presented and not issued as orders .

A judge issued a temporary restraining order .

And they issued destruction orders against all the animals he kept there.

At 12: 09 a. m., Calderon issued the execution order .

paper

To do so, they will have to issue a good deal more paper than they would normally like.

Disney will pay $ 2 billion in cash, and will raise the other $ 8 billion by issuing short-term commercial paper .

Virani was able to issue more and more paper in order to finance bigger and bigger deals.

Second, they lend the money provided by those savers to borrowers, who may issue a paper asset in return.

B'Tselem has issued a policy paper opposing the reintroduction of physical interrogation techniques.

permit

The county Department of Environmental Quality is slated to issue an air-quality permit decision sometime this month.

Throughout all of Texas' 254 counties, only 150 black men and 13 black women have been issued permits .

This is what I think -- that one or two inspectors were very reluctant to issue permits .

Then the Park District flatly refused to issue them a permit .

police

A statement issued by Staffordshire police said there were no suspicious circumstances surrounding the sergeant's death.

Recent statistics issued by the Metropolitan Police indicated that a quarter of all serious crimes in Greater London are committed by school-children.

policy

It also issued a detailed policy statement.

After its experience with the disease, the public utility company issued an AIDS-specific policy statement and set of guidelines.

They come into effect next month and we shall issue planning policy guidance later this month.

According to the state Insurance Department, insurers accounting for 95 percent of the homeowners market no longer issue new policies .

We have made that clear ever since 1989 when we issued our policy statement.

The Council's power to issue policy recommendations under stage two has been in existence since the convergence decision in 1974.

B'Tselem has issued a policy paper opposing the reintroduction of physical interrogation techniques.

press

Then it canceled the mill anyway and issued a press release blaming the workers.

Prescott could have done something easy, like hold a new conference or issue a press release.

The Department of the Environment immediately issued a furious press release accusing the Chron of distorting the facts.

proclamation

He issued proclamations and charters in his own name, and promoted his relatives to high office.

In response, President Fillmore issued a proclamation asking citizens to cease interfering with law enforcement officers.

Taylor refused compensation, to the amazement of the mandarins, who issued proclamations applauding the spirit of the Christians.

On June 18, Herrera issued a proclamation to the people concerning the revolt of Parades and encouraging them to stand fast.

But she had also issued a proclamation forbidding all preaching and teaching.

report

A manufacturer of sun care products has just issued a report showing that the view on tanning has come full circle.

Nearly a decade later, our educational system was no better off than it had been when the commission issued its report .

Meanwhile, Bath were issuing a reminder that reports of their decline were a little premature.

Officials said the panel will issue an initial report by Sept. 30, 1997.

Accentuating their lack of agreement, Moscow and Stockholm issued separate reports on the case.

Clinton also issued a federal report showing 65 percent of public schools have access to the Internet.

Auditors normally issue a report which is a statement used as a preface to the financial statements of a company.

security

Without the sale of company securities , other things being equal, the public sector would have had to issue government securities.

Likewise, airlines issue those lists to security personnel at airports which allow only ticketed passengers beyond the security checkpoint.

Rhone-Poulenc pioneered a technique for raising cash by issuing exotic securities which have the quality of both debt and equity.

Banks are issuing a stream of securities backed by mortgages, credit-card receivables and other assets stripped off their balance sheets.

As the civil servants are not party members, they have not been issued with security passes.

If a listed bidder is proposing to issue its own securities as consideration under the scheme then listing particulars may be required.

share

Many public companies have issued non-voting A ordinary shares .

A stock price may shift if the firm issues additional shares .

It requests that an authority for market purchases should not normally exceed 10 percent of the company's issued ordinary share capital.

Tenneco plans to spin off its shipbuilding unit by issuing separately traded shares in a new shipbuilding company to Tenneco shareholders.

Sometimes owners had to promise not to issue new shares for two more years.

Disney plans to issue 155 million shares of new stock for Capital Cities shareholders.

It required the full disclosure of the condition of any firm wishing to issue new shares .

The number of shares in issue may be increased if shares are issued pursuant to the share option scheme. 2.

standard

Gauges are issued as reference standards only.

No such cost-benefit requirement exists when issuing health standards under the Clean Air Act, the court ruled.

When issued , these standards must be applied to joined or repaired aquariums.

statement

The statement issued by Mr Ismail Ayob also denied some aspects of the latest allegations against her.

The statement was issued by leading bishops following an emergency meeting of the Holy Synod in Belgrade.

A statement was issued finally repudiating the Nestorian position and affirming the Orthodox position.

A statement issued by the U. S. Embassy gave no details of her medical condition Tuesday or any prognosis for her recovery.

Mr Christie would say only that a club statement would be issued later.

Coleman said in a statement that was issued Monday along with the report card.

The statement was issued after Miss Pollard refused to publish a retraction.

summons

The statement said that, having considered the application, the magistrates had refused to issue the summons .

The court then issues the summons and serves it on your debtor, usually by post.

Magistrates threw out his first attempt by refusing to issue a summons .

Dunn should then have returned his reply to the court that issued the summons .

It is still necessary to issue a summons for directions in an admiralty or medical negligence case.

threat

Yet the Mugabe government repeatedly issues public death threats against its foes.

The greater its dependence on others, the less its ability to issue credible threats or to mobilise for sustained hostilities.

It was only by issuing rather unconvincing threats of his disapproval that Peggy could keep the girl in line.

For one sweaty moment I was sure it would be Famlio, about to issue dire threats and promises.

His favourite line of attack was to start talking about finding useful employment for Vincent, and to issue veiled threats .

ticket

Chaplin's also issued railway tickets .

They can be issued traffic and parking tickets , and the State Department can revoke their vehicle registration or license.

But they had been issued with first class tickets .

Taking a booking and issuing a personalised ticket now takes just one minute compared with up to 10 minutes using a manual system.

If I buy a bus ticket for two persons, I am issued separate tickets.

The organiser of the chosen rally should issue a ticket to their event free of charge, in exchange for the voucher.

ultimatum

And now he had issued an ultimatum .

visa

The Interior Ministry has been tipped off about companies issuing fake visas .

Under the agreement, two nominally private organizations were established to issue visas and represent the interests of the two governments.

warning

It is, however, hard to make a recommendation to read this fine offering by Boyd without issuing a warning .

In University City, some agents issue similar warnings to prospective buyers.

Police in Essex and Kent issued flood warnings for yesterday afternoon's high tide and further problems were expected later.

Other companies issuing profit warnings or unexpectedly weak earnings included Hutchison Technology Inc., down 6 to 36 1 / 2.

So for the moment nothing could be done beyond issuing a warning .

Where a statement is found to be incorrect, Customs will issue a warning .

Anyone who has encountered a skunk will know that before it fires its stinking spray it issues clear warnings of its intentions.

warrant

They issued a warrant for his arrest, and that same night we took off for Colorado.

Police have issued an arrest warrant for Mr de Michelis's former secretary, Barbara Ceolin.

They also issued an arrest warrant for a fourth worker.

A judge has now issued a warrant for his arrest.

A judge in Seoul issued the arrest warrants after union leaders ignored three court orders this week to appear for questioning.

She could not be issued with a warrant for her visit.

What he said is, he refused or declined to issue an arrest warrant .

writ

We then issued a writ and proceedings ensued.

He issued a writ claiming damages for wrongful dismissal.

They are expected to be issued with a writ tomorrow giving them two weeks to leave the premises.

On 15 July 1987, the Woolwich issued a writ to recover the capital sum and interest thereon.

The negotiations dragged on and in the end I was constrained to issue a writ .

It libelled the plaintiff who issued a writ against the editor.

It plans to issue a protective writ but is hoping to achieve a settlement.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a hot issue/topic etc

Aphid insecticide resistance-a hot topic for beet and potato growers as well as horticulturalists.

Despite the ominous thunder of global war, the date on which to observe Thanksgiving was a hot issue.

Friday, 29 years after he was slain by a single rifle shot, his assassination is once again a hot topic.

Military service was a hot topic at Oxford in the mid-1950s, too.

Page description languages are currently a hot topic with much being written about the relative strengths and weaknesses of the various offerings.

Salah had succeeded in creating a hot issue.

a thorny question/problem/issue etc

In addition, sending encrypted data over international boundaries represents a thorny issue: it is still illegal in some countries.

Melding the top managements also would be a thorny issue.

None of these struck me as particularly penetrating answers to a thorny problem.

back issue/copy/number

A little later Bacon appeared, walked up to their table and asked Minton why he did not look after his back numbers.

Anyway, I thought you ought to know you have your reader back , and I enclose £4 for 4 back issues.

Lifelong readers who kept the back issues piled in their attics renewed their subscriptions like clockwork at the five-year rate.

Mackey had seen handbooks on guerrilla tactics, back issues of a racist magazine Guy published.

My parents collected all their copies of Wimpey News and we have back numbers going back to the 1940s.

Six issues cost $ 39, and new and back issues are available.

burning issue/question

Another burning issue is unfair dismissal.

But the burning question is: How many times a day do kids wander in looking to buy rolling papers?

It can also lead to the efficacy of our advice becoming the burning issue of discussion.

Quality, of design and typography rather than editorial matter, is a burning issue as far as desktop publishing is concerned.

The burning question is - how soon?

The star trek is over for today, but the burning questions are still unanswered.

Transmission has always been the burning issue for scientists interested in studying this epidemic.

fringe group/event/issue etc

After the uproar created by Nicholas Tolstoy over the Cossack repatriations, the fringe groups had been taken very seriously.

Few attendees doubted that some fringe groups would respond violently.

One girl shared her story of a fringe group, which for ten years had dominated her life.

The remaining 5 percent aligned themselves with fringe groups such as the Natural Law, Green and Libertarian parties.

To transform a scholarly consensus into something that appears the obsession of a disreputable fringe group requires more than accidental bias.

the larger issues/question/problem/picture

But the larger picture is systematically distorted by the military and political calculations concerning the strategic uses of information and disinformation.

Here we are concerned with the larger problem of the relationship between men as a class and other animals as a class.

It has come to have a bearing on the larger questions of civilized survival.

Mission-driven budgets relieve legislators of micromanagement decisions, freeing them to focus on the larger problems they were elected to solve.

She was blind to the larger picture that involves building and maintaining good relationships with both fellow-workers and superiors.

That ignorance is at the root of geophysicists' struggle with the larger problem of how the whole earth works.

Too much, and the larger picture might become apparent.

You failed to connect the various elements together or to move through the detail to the larger issues of the painting.

the wider context/issues/picture etc

As ever, context is important, particularly the wider context of New Testament teaching.

Both require standing back from the day-to-day running of the organisation and examining the wider picture.

It is now necessary to situate these in the wider context of the social formation and in particular class structure.

More broadly, it was placed in the wider context of the continuing ambitions of central government to control local independence.

That fact must be put in the wider context.

The change depended upon changes in the wider context of controversy, which provoked the development of formerly implicit attitudinal aspects.

We would expect leaders at all levels to be aware of the wider context of their work.

What interpretations of the wider issues should it consider?

vexed question/issue/problem etc

A paradigm example of this is the vexed question of spatial visualisation.

And there is another vexed question.

I shall not turn to the vexed question of the national minimum wage.

Potentially an even bigger bombshell is about to burst on the vexed question of pension rights.

The vexed question has always been: Who should write the programs which control these machines?

Then there is the vexed issue of paying for tax cuts.

Until recently what was on the child's school record and whether parent or child could see it was a vexed question.

Was the vexed question of extradition discussed at the Council?

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Blankets and warm clothes will be issued to those who need them.

Every soldier is issued a rifle.

Police in Britain are not usually issued with guns.

The State Department will issue a statement at noon.

Visitors are issued with identity cards to wear inside the factory.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Although San Marcos may have been the first city in the county to issue such bonds, San Diego was right behind.

But they have yet to decide whether they will be issued automatically or if customers will have to order them.

No formal invites to tender had been issued as FlyPast closed for press.

The summons must contain the name of one witness only, but may be issued in blank.

The truth is that neither applicant actually wants to issue Switch cards, though Barclays says it is prepared to consider it.

Thus, the range discount cards issued by Golf Corp. are still being honored, but none are being sold.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.