Meaning of ABOVE in English
I. a ‧ bove 1 S2 W1 /əˈbʌv/ BrE AmE adverb , preposition
1 . in a higher position than something else SYN over OPP below :
Our office is above the hairdresser’s.
He had a bruise just above his left eye.
I heard a strange noise coming from the room above.
The great bird hovered high above our heads.
2 . more than a particular number, amount, or level OPP below :
50 metres above sea level
above freezing/zero (=higher than the temperature at which water freezes)
Tonight, temperatures should be just above freezing.
free medical care for pensioners aged 65 and above
Prize winners must have gained marks of 80% or above.
The salaries we offer are well above (=much higher than) average.
3 . to a greater degree than something else:
Many employers value personality above experience or qualifications.
above all (else) (=used to say that something is more important than anything else)
Max is hard-working, cheerful, and above all honest.
medals awarded for bravery above and beyond the call of duty (=greater than it is your duty to show)
4 . louder or clearer than other sounds:
You can always hear her voice above everybody else’s.
5 . higher in rank, power, or importance OPP below :
He never rose above the rank of corporal.
officers of the rank of Major and above
from above (=from people in higher authority)
We just obey orders from above.
6 . formal before, in the same piece of writing OPP below :
As mentioned above, there is a service charge.
Write to the address above for further information.
7 . not be above (doing) something to not be too good or honest to do something:
Eileen’s not above flirting with the boss when it suits her.
8 . be above suspicion/reproach/criticism etc to be so good that no one can doubt or criticize you:
Even the king’s closest advisers were not above suspicion.
9 . get above yourself to think you are better or more important than you really are
⇨ over and above at ↑ over 1 (14), ⇨ be above the law at ↑ law (13)
II. above 2 W3 BrE AmE adjective
a) [only before noun] used in a piece of writing to refer to something mentioned in an earlier part of the same piece of writing:
For the above reasons, the management has no choice but to close the factory.
b) the above formal something mentioned before in the same piece of writing:
If none of the above applies to you, you may be able to reclaim tax.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012