Meaning of ABOVE in English

ABOVE

I. əˈbəv adverb

Etymology: Middle English above, aboven, from Old English abufan, from a- (I) + bufan above (akin to Old Saxon bi-oƀan, Middle Dutch bōven, Old Frisian bova, Middle High German bobene ), from be- + ufan above — more at over

1.

a. : in a higher place : overhead

he lay under the tree and looked at the branches above

: in the sky

the stars above

: in or to heaven

gone above

: upstairs

a stairway leading above

b. : farther up (as on a mountain or river)

the bridge is two miles above

c. : on the upper or dorsal surface

these young birds are light brown above

2. : higher on the same page or on a preceding page

except as stated above

3. : higher or superior in rank, position, or power

a vacancy in the rank above

: higher in number

50 and above

4. archaic : in addition : besides

II. preposition

Etymology: Middle English above, aboven, from above, aboven, adverb

1.

a. : in or to a higher place than

the house perched above the road

: directly over

a room above the store

: higher than

b. : farther up than (as on a mountain or river)

anchored 10 miles above the city

: on the other side of : beyond

hunted above the farm

c. : farther north than

the ship sank just above the Azores

d. : on top of — used of clothing

aprons above a motley of borrowed … raiment — Ellen Glasgow

2.

a. : superior to or surpassing in any respect : higher than (as in rank, position, quality, or degree)

filial piety is above self-interest

: out of reach of : not likely to be affected by : not exposed to

be above suspicion

: in preference to : over against

preoccupation with design above all other elements

b. : too proud or honorable to stoop or condescend to

above taking profits for himself

: averse to : disinclined to

she is not above reading her poems

3. : exceeding in number, quantity, or size : more than

men above 50 years old

4. : in addition to : besides

above and beyond his good nature

- above oneself

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English above, aboven, from above, aboven, adverb

1.

a. : something that is located, written, or discussed higher on the same page or on a preceding page

a diagram like the above

b. : a person whose name is written higher on the same page or on a preceding page

the above is the owner of this car

2.

a. : higher especially arbitrary authority

the policy was imposed from above

b. : heaven

every perfect gift is from above — Jas 1:17 (Authorized Version)

IV. adjective

Etymology: above (I)

1. : being located, written, or discussed higher on the same page or on a preceding page

the above chart

2. : of heaven : heavenly

think on things above

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.