Meaning of ABOVE in English
[above] adv [ME, fr. OE abufan, fr. a- + bufan above, fr. be- + ufan above; akin to OE ofer over] (bef. 12c) 1 a: in the sky: overhead b: in or to heaven
2. a: in or to a higher place b: higher on the same page or on a preceding page c: upstairs d: above zero "10 degrees ~"
3: in or to a higher rank or number "30 and ~"
4. archaic: in addition: besides
above prep (bef. 12c) 1: in or to a higher place than: over
2. a: superior to (as in rank, quality, or degree) b: out of reach of c: in preference to d: too proud or honorable to stoop to
3: exceeding in number, quantity, or size: more than
4: as distinct from and in addition to "heard the whistle ~ the roar of the crowd" above n, pl above (13c) 1 a: something that is above b: a person whose name is written above
2. a: a higher authority b: heaven usage Although still objected to by some, the use of above as a noun in sense 1a "none of the above" "the above is Theseus's opinion --William Blake" and as an adjective "without the above reserve --O. W. Holmes d.1935" "I was brought up on the above words --Viscount Montgomery" has been long established as standard. above adj (1604): written or discussed higher on the same page or on a preceding page usage see above
Merriam-Webster English vocab. Английский словарь Merriam Webster. 2012