Meaning of NEW in English
new S1 W1 /njuː $ nuː/ BrE AmE adjective
[ Word Family: adjective : ↑ new , ↑ renewable , ↑ renewed , ↑ newsy ; noun : ↑ news , ↑ renewal ; verb : ↑ renew ; adverb : ↑ newly ]
[ Language: Old English ; Origin: niwe ]
1 . RECENTLY MADE recently made, built, invented, written, designed etc OPP old :
the city’s new hospital
the new issue of ‘Time’ magazine
new products on the market
The hardest part of this job is understanding the new technology.
a new range of drugs
2 . RECENTLY BOUGHT recently bought:
Do you like my new dress?
They’ve just moved into their new home.
3 . NOT THERE BEFORE having just developed:
new leaves on the trees
a young man with new ideas
a new generation of women writers
new hope/confidence/optimism etc (=hope etc that you have only just started to feel)
a medical breakthrough that offers new hope to cancer patients
4 . NOT USED BEFORE not used or owned by anyone before OPP used , second hand :
New and second-hand books for sale.
I got a used video camera for £300 – it would have cost £1,000 if I’d bought it new.
Jake arrived in his brand new (=completely new) car.
a spanking new (=completely new) conference centre
5 . like new/as good as new in excellent condition:
Your watch just needs cleaning and it’ll be as good as new.
6 . UNFAMILIAR not experienced before:
Learning a new language is always a challenge.
Living in the city was a new experience for Philip.
This idea was new to him.
that’s a new one on me spoken (=used to say that you have never heard something before)
‘The office is going to be closed for six weeks this summer.’ ‘Really? That’s a new one on me.’
7 . RECENTLY ARRIVED having recently arrived in a place, joined an organization, or started a new job:
You’re new here, aren’t you?
Don’t worry if you make mistakes. You’re still new to the job.
new member/employee/student etc
training for new employees
new kid on the block informal (=the newest person in a job, school etc)
It’s not always easy being the new kid on the block.
the new boy/girl British English (=the newest person in a job, organization etc – used humorously)
8 . RECENTLY CHANGED recently replaced or different from the previous one OPP old :
Have you met Keith’s new girlfriend?
I’ll let you have my new phone number.
the new regime in Beijing
9 . RECENTLY DISCOVERED recently discovered:
the discovery of a new planet
new oilfields in Alaska
important new evidence that may prove her innocence
10 . MODERN modern:
the new breed of politicians
11 . VEGETABLES [only before noun] new potatoes, ↑ carrot s etc are grown early in the season and eaten when young
12 . new life/day/era a period that is just beginning, especially one that seems to offer better opportunities:
They went to Australia to start a new life there.
13 . be/feel like a new man/woman to feel much healthier and have a lot more energy than before, or to have a different attitude:
I lost 19 pounds and felt like a new man.
14 . new arrival
a) someone who has recently arrived or started work somewhere
b) a new baby:
The children are thrilled with the new arrival.
15 . new blood new members of a group or organization who will bring new ideas and be full of energy:
What we need in this company is some new blood.
16 . new broom someone who has just started work in a high position in an organization and who is expected to make a lot of changes:
The company seems set to make a fresh start under a new broom.
17 . what’s new? spoken especially American English used as a friendly greeting to mean ‘how are you?’
18 . the new new ideas, styles etc:
This charming hotel is a delightful blend of the old and the new.
19 . something ... is the new ... British English used to say that something is thought to be the new fashion that will replace an existing thing:
Don’t you know that vodka is the new water, my dear?
20 . new-made/new-formed/new-laid etc recently made, formed etc
⇨ a new lease of life at ↑ lease 1 (2), ⇨ turn over a new leaf at ↑ leaf 1 (3)
—newness noun [uncountable]
• • •
▪ new :
a new sports centre
a new edition of the book
an entirely new theory of time and space
▪ brand new completely new:
a brand new car
The house looks brand new.
▪ recent made, produced etc a short time ago:
recent research into brain chemistry
▪ the latest [only before noun] the most recent:
Have you seen his latest film?
the latest fashions from Paris
▪ modern different from earlier things of the same kind because of using new methods, equipment, or designs:
modern farming methods
a modern kitchen
▪ original new and completely different from what other people have done or thought of before, especially in a way that seems interesting:
The play is highly original.
His style is completely original.
▪ fresh fresh ideas, evidence, or ways of doing things are new and different, and are used instead of previous ones:
We need a fresh approach to the problem.
They want young people with fresh ideas.
Police think they may have found some fresh evidence that links him to the murder.
▪ novel new and different in a surprising and unusual way – used especially about a suggestion, experience, or way of doing something:
The club have come up with a novel way of raising cash.
The King was passionately in love, which was a novel experience for him.
▪ innovative completely new and showing a lot of imagination – used especially about a design or way of doing something:
an attractive website with an innovative design
They came up with an innovative approach to the problem.
▪ revolutionary completely new in a way that has a very big effect – used especially about an idea, method, or invention:
a revolutionary treatment for breast cancer
His theories were considered to be revolutionary at the time.
▪ new-fangled [only before noun] used about something that is new and modern but which you disapprove of:
My grandfather hated all this newfangled technology.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012