Meaning of NEW in English

NEW

new S1 W1 /njuː $ nuː/ BrE AmE adjective

[ Word Family: adjective : ↑ new , ↑ renewable , ↑ renewed , ↑ newsy ; noun : ↑ news , ↑ renewal ; verb : ↑ renew ; adverb : ↑ newly ]

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: niwe ]

1 . RECENTLY MADE recently made, built, invented, written, designed etc OPP old :

the city’s new hospital

the new issue of ‘Time’ magazine

new products on the market

The hardest part of this job is understanding the new technology.

a new range of drugs

2 . RECENTLY BOUGHT recently bought:

Do you like my new dress?

They’ve just moved into their new home.

3 . NOT THERE BEFORE having just developed:

new leaves on the trees

a young man with new ideas

a new generation of women writers

new hope/confidence/optimism etc (=hope etc that you have only just started to feel)

a medical breakthrough that offers new hope to cancer patients

4 . NOT USED BEFORE not used or owned by anyone before OPP used , second hand :

New and second-hand books for sale.

I got a used video camera for £300 – it would have cost £1,000 if I’d bought it new.

Jake arrived in his brand new (=completely new) car.

a spanking new (=completely new) conference centre

5 . like new/as good as new in excellent condition:

Your watch just needs cleaning and it’ll be as good as new.

6 . UNFAMILIAR not experienced before:

Learning a new language is always a challenge.

Living in the city was a new experience for Philip.

new to

This idea was new to him.

that’s a new one on me spoken (=used to say that you have never heard something before)

‘The office is going to be closed for six weeks this summer.’ ‘Really? That’s a new one on me.’

7 . RECENTLY ARRIVED having recently arrived in a place, joined an organization, or started a new job:

You’re new here, aren’t you?

new to/at

Don’t worry if you make mistakes. You’re still new to the job.

new member/employee/student etc

training for new employees

new kid on the block informal (=the newest person in a job, school etc)

It’s not always easy being the new kid on the block.

the new boy/girl British English (=the newest person in a job, organization etc – used humorously)

8 . RECENTLY CHANGED recently replaced or different from the previous one OPP old :

Have you met Keith’s new girlfriend?

I’ll let you have my new phone number.

the new regime in Beijing

9 . RECENTLY DISCOVERED recently discovered:

the discovery of a new planet

new oilfields in Alaska

important new evidence that may prove her innocence

10 . MODERN modern:

the new breed of politicians

11 . VEGETABLES [only before noun] new potatoes, ↑ carrot s etc are grown early in the season and eaten when young

12 . new life/day/era a period that is just beginning, especially one that seems to offer better opportunities:

They went to Australia to start a new life there.

13 . be/feel like a new man/woman to feel much healthier and have a lot more energy than before, or to have a different attitude:

I lost 19 pounds and felt like a new man.

14 . new arrival

a) someone who has recently arrived or started work somewhere

b) a new baby:

The children are thrilled with the new arrival.

15 . new blood new members of a group or organization who will bring new ideas and be full of energy:

What we need in this company is some new blood.

16 . new broom someone who has just started work in a high position in an organization and who is expected to make a lot of changes:

The company seems set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

17 . what’s new? spoken especially American English used as a friendly greeting to mean ‘how are you?’

18 . the new new ideas, styles etc:

This charming hotel is a delightful blend of the old and the new.

19 . something ... is the new ... British English used to say that something is thought to be the new fashion that will replace an existing thing:

Don’t you know that vodka is the new water, my dear?

20 . new-made/new-formed/new-laid etc recently made, formed etc

⇨ a new lease of life at ↑ lease 1 (2), ⇨ turn over a new leaf at ↑ leaf 1 (3)

—newness noun [uncountable]

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ new :

a new sports centre

|

a new edition of the book

|

an entirely new theory of time and space

▪ brand new completely new:

a brand new car

|

The house looks brand new.

▪ recent made, produced etc a short time ago:

recent research into brain chemistry

▪ the latest [only before noun] the most recent:

Have you seen his latest film?

|

the latest fashions from Paris

▪ modern different from earlier things of the same kind because of using new methods, equipment, or designs:

modern technology

|

modern farming methods

|

a modern kitchen

▪ original new and completely different from what other people have done or thought of before, especially in a way that seems interesting:

The play is highly original.

|

His style is completely original.

▪ fresh fresh ideas, evidence, or ways of doing things are new and different, and are used instead of previous ones:

We need a fresh approach to the problem.

|

They want young people with fresh ideas.

|

Police think they may have found some fresh evidence that links him to the murder.

▪ novel new and different in a surprising and unusual way – used especially about a suggestion, experience, or way of doing something:

The club have come up with a novel way of raising cash.

|

The King was passionately in love, which was a novel experience for him.

▪ innovative completely new and showing a lot of imagination – used especially about a design or way of doing something:

an attractive website with an innovative design

|

They came up with an innovative approach to the problem.

▪ revolutionary completely new in a way that has a very big effect – used especially about an idea, method, or invention:

a revolutionary treatment for breast cancer

|

His theories were considered to be revolutionary at the time.

▪ new-fangled [only before noun] used about something that is new and modern but which you disapprove of:

My grandfather hated all this newfangled technology.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.