Meaning of ROAST in English


I. roast 1 /rəʊst $ roʊst/ BrE AmE verb [intransitive and transitive]

[ Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: rostir ]

1 . to cook something, such as meat, in an ↑ oven or over a fire, or to cook in this way ⇨ grill , bake :

Are you going to roast the chicken?

the delicious smell of meat roasting

We caught a rabbit and roasted it over an open fire.

2 . to heat nuts, coffee beans etc quickly in order to dry them and give them a particular taste:

dry-roasted peanuts

• • •


■ ways of cooking something

▪ bake to cook things such as bread or cakes in an oven:

Tom baked a cake for my birthday.

▪ roast to cook meat or vegetables in an oven:

Roast the potatoes for an hour.

▪ fry to cook food in hot oil:

She was frying some mushrooms.

▪ stir-fry to fry small pieces of food while moving them around continuously:

stir-fried tofu and bean sprouts

▪ sauté /ˈsəʊteɪ $ soʊˈteɪ/ to fry vegetables for a short time in a small amount of butter or oil:

Sauté the potatoes in butter.

▪ grill to cook food over or under strong heat:

grilled fish

▪ broil American English to cook food under heat:

broiled fish

▪ boil to cook something in very hot water:

He doesn’t even know how to boil an egg.


English people seem to love boiled vegetables.

▪ steam to cook vegetables over hot water:

Steam the rice for 15 minutes.

▪ poach to cook food, especially fish or eggs, slowly in hot water:

poached salmon

▪ toast to cook the outside surfaces of bread:

toasted muffins

▪ barbecue to cook food on a metal frame over a fire outdoors:

I thought we could barbecue some mackerel.

▪ microwave to cook food in a microwave oven:

The beans can be microwaved.

II. roast 2 BrE AmE noun [countable]

1 . a large piece of roasted meat:

a traditional Sunday roast

2 . hot dog roast/oyster roast etc American English an outdoor party at which food is cooked on an open fire

3 . American English an occasion at which people celebrate a special event in someone’s life by telling funny stories or giving speeches about them:

a celebrity roast

III. roast 3 BrE AmE adjective [only before noun]


roast chicken

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.