Meaning of ROAST in English

ROAST

I. ˈrōst verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English rosten, from Old French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Middle Dutch roosten to roast, Old High German rōsten (both derivatives from a noun represented by Middle Dutch roost gridiron, grill, Old High German rōst )

transitive verb

1.

a. : to cook by exposure to radiant heat before a fire or in an oven open toward the fire and having reflecting surfaces within — distinguished from bake

roast meat on a spit

b. : to cook in an oven by dry heat

c. : to cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, or stones

roast a potato in ashes

d. : to dry and parch by exposure to heat

roast coffee

roast chestnuts

2. : to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing in order to effect useful physical changes: as

a. : to expel volatile matter

b. : to effect oxidation

c. : to remove sulfur from sulfide ores — compare calcine

3.

a. : to heat to excess

after supper, when the sun no longer roasted the valley — Oliver La Farge

b. obsolete : to cause to be hot with fury

4. : to ridicule or criticize severely

the critics roasted the elaborately staged work — Newsweek

intransitive verb

1. : to cook meat, fish, or vegetables by heat (as before a fire or in an oven)

2. : to undergo the process of being roasted or of getting heated as if being roasted

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: in sense 1, from Middle English rost, from Middle French, from Old French, from rostir, v.; in other senses, from roast (I)

1. : a piece of meat which has been roasted or is suitable for being roasted ; especially : a roast of beef

pork roast

— see beef illustration

2. : a party or social gathering at which the main food is prepared by roasting before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand

corn roast

wienie roast

3. : an act or process of roasting ; specifically : severe banter, ridicule, or criticism

4. : a class or variety of roasted coffee as determined by length of roasting or extent of change during that process

III. adjective

Etymology: Middle English rost, past participle of rosten, v.

: roasted

roast beef

IV. noun

: a banquet honoring a person (as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.