Meaning of ROAST in English


[roast] vb [ME rosten, fr. OF rostir, of Gmc origin; akin to OHG rosten to roast] vt (13c) 1 a: to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones "~ a potato in ashes" b: to dry and parch by exposure to heat "~ coffee"

2: to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing to effect change (as expulsion of volatile matter, oxidation, or removal of sulfur from sulfide ores)

3: to heat to excess "~ed by the summer sun"

4: to subject to severe criticism or ridicule "films have been ~ed by most critics --H. J. Seldes"

5: to honor (a person) at a roast ~ vi 1: to cook food by heat

2: to undergo being roasted

[2]roast n (14c) 1: a piece of meat suitable for roasting

2: a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand

3: an act or process of roasting; specif: severe banter or criticism

4: a banquet honoring a person (as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends [3]roast adj (14c): that has been roasted "~ beef"

Merriam-Webster English vocab.      Английский словарь Merriam Webster.