Meaning of TURN in English


I. verb see: throw Date: before 12th century transitive verb 1. to cause to move around an axis or a center ; make rotate or revolve , b. to cause to move around so as to effect a desired end (as of locking, opening, or shutting) , to affect or alter the functioning of (as a mechanical device) or the level of (as sound) by such movement , to execute or perform by rotating or revolving , to twist out of line or shape ; wrench , 2. a. to cause to change position by moving through an arc of a circle , to cause to move around a center so as to show another side of , to cause (as a scale) to move so as to register weight, to revolve mentally ; think over ; ponder , 3. to reverse the sides or surfaces of ; invert , to dig or plow so as to bring the lower soil to the surface , to make (as a garment) over by reversing the material and resewing , to invert feet up and face down (as a character, rule, or slug) in setting type, to reverse or upset the order or disposition of , to disturb or upset the mental balance of ; derange , unsettle , to set in another especially contrary direction, 4. to bend or change the course of ; divert , to cause to retreat , to alter the drift, tendency, or expected result of, to bend a course around or about ; round , 5. a. to direct or point (as the face) in a specified way or direction, to present by a change in direction or position , to bring to bear (as by aiming, pointing, or focusing) ; train , to direct (as the attention or mind) toward or away from something, to direct the employment of ; apply , devote , e. to cause to rebound or recoil , to make antagonistic ; prejudice , f. to cause to go in a particular direction , drive , send , to convey or direct out of an inverted receptacle , 6. a. to make acid or sour, to change the color of (as foliage), b. convert , transform , translate , paraphrase , to cause to become of a specified nature or appearance , to exchange for something else , to cause to defect to another side, 7. to shape especially in a rounded form by applying a cutting tool while revolving in a lathe, to give a rounded form to by any means , to shape or mold artistically, gracefully, or neatly , to make a fold, bend, or curve in:, to form by bending , to cause (the edge of a blade) to bend back or over ; blunt , dull , 9. to keep (as money or goods) moving, to gain in the course of business , to make use of , to carry to completion ; pull off , to engage in (an act of prostitution) , intransitive verb 1. to move around on an axis or through an arc of a circle ; rotate , to become giddy or dizzy ; spin , c. to have as a decisive factor ; hinge , to have a center (as of interest) in something specified , to become focused on something specified , 2. to direct one's course, b. to reverse a course or direction , to have a reactive usually adverse effect, to take a different course or direction , 3. to change position (as of one's head) so as to face another way , to face toward or away from someone or something , to change one's attitude or reverse one's course of action to one of opposition or hostility , to make a sudden violent assault especially without evident cause , 4. to direct one's attention to or away from someone or something, b. to change one's religion, to go over to another side or party ; defect , to have recourse ; refer , resort , to direct one's efforts or activity ; devote or apply oneself , 5. to become changed, altered, or transformed , to become different, to change color , to become sour, rancid, or tainted , to be variable or inconstant, to become mentally unbalanced ; become deranged, b. to pass from one state to another ; change , become , grow , to become someone or something specified by change from another state ; change into , to change by the passage of time , to become curved or bent (as from pressure), to operate a lathe, to be stocked and disposed of ; change hands, ~able adjective II. noun Etymology: Middle English; partly from Anglo-French tur, tourn ~ing, circuit (from ~er to ~); partly from Middle English ~en to ~ Date: 13th century 1. the action or an act of ~ing about a center or axis ; revolution , rotation , any of various rotating or pivoting movements in dancing or gymnastics, 2. the action or an act of giving or taking a different direction ; change of course or posture , a drill maneuver in which troops in mass formation change direction without preserving alignment, any of various shifts of direction in skiing, an interruption of a curve in figure skating, deflection , deviation , the action or an act of ~ing so as to face in the opposite direction ; reversal of posture or course , a change effected by ~ing over to another side , a place at which something ~s, ~s off, or ~s back ; bend , curve , a short trip out and back or round about , an act or deed affecting another especially when incidental or unexpected , 5. a period of action or activity ; go , spell , a place, time, or opportunity accorded an individual or unit of a series in simple succession or in a scheduled order , a period or tour of duty ; shift , a short act or piece (as for a variety show), e. an event in any gambling game after which bets are settled, the order of the last three cards in faro, something that revolves around a center: as, a. lathe , a catch or latch for a cupboard or cabinet door operated by ~ing a handle, a musical ornament consisting of a group of four or more notes that wind about the principal note by including the notes next above and next below, a special purpose or requirement, 8. an act of changing ; alteration , modification , a change in tendency, trend, or drift , the beginning of a new period of time ; the time when one period changes to the next , 9. distinctive quality or character, a fashioning of language or arrangement of words ; manner of expression , the shape or mold in which something is fashioned ; cast , 10. the state or manner of being coiled or twisted, a single round (as of rope passed about an object or of wire wound on a core), natural or special ability or aptitude ; bent , inclination , a special twist, construction, or interpretation , 13. a disordering spell or attack (as of illness, faintness, or dizziness), a nervous start or shock , 14. a complete transaction involving a purchase and sale of securities, ~over 7b, something ~ed or to be ~ed: as, a character or slug inverted in setting type, a piece of type placed bottom up

Merriam Webster. Explanatory English dictionary Merriam Webster.      Толковый словарь английского языка Мерриам-Уэбстер.