Meaning of HOLE in English


Pronunciation: ' h ō l

Function: noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English hol (fr. neuter of hol, adjective, hollow) & holh; akin to Old High German hol, adjective, hollow and perhaps to Old English helan to conceal ― more at HELL

Date: before 12th century

1 a : an opening through something : PERFORATION <have a hole in my coat> b : an area where something is missing : GAP : as (1) : a serious discrepancy : FLAW , WEAKNESS <some hole s in your logic> (2) : an opening in a defensive formation especially : the area of a baseball field between the positions of shortstop and third baseman (3) : a defect in a crystal (as of a semiconductor) that is due to an electron's having left its normal position in one of the crystal bonds and that is equivalent in many respects to a positively charged particle

2 : a hollowed-out place: as a : a cave, pit, or well in the ground b : BURROW c : an unusually deep place in a body of water (as a river)

3 a : a wretched or dreary place b : a prison cell especially for solitary confinement

4 a : a shallow cylindrical hole in the putting green of a golf course into which the ball is played b : a part of the golf course from tee to putting green <just beginning play on the third hole > also : the play on such a hole as a unit of scoring <won the hole by two strokes>

5 a : an awkward position or circumstance : FIX <got the rebels out of a hole at the battle ― Kenneth Roberts> b : a position of owing or losing money <$10 million in the hole > <raising money to get out of the hole >

– in the hole

1 : having a score below zero

2 : at a disadvantage

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.