Meaning of HOLE in English

HOLE

I. ˈhōl noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English hol (from neuter of hol, adjective, hollow) & holh; akin to Old High German hol, adjective, hollow and perhaps to Old English helan to conceal — more at hell

Date: before 12th century

1.

a. : an opening through something : perforation

have a hole in my coat

b. : an area where something is missing : gap : as

(1) : a serious discrepancy : flaw , weakness

some hole s in your logic

(2) : an opening in a defensive formation ; especially : the area of a baseball field between the positions of shortstop and third baseman

(3) : a defect in a crystal (as of a semiconductor) that is due to an electron's having left its normal position in one of the crystal bonds and that is equivalent in many respects to a positively charged particle

2. : a hollowed-out place: as

a. : a cave, pit, or well in the ground

b. : burrow

c. : an unusually deep place in a body of water (as a river)

3.

a. : a wretched or dreary place

b. : a prison cell especially for solitary confinement

4.

a. : a shallow cylindrical hole in the putting green of a golf course into which the ball is played

b. : a part of the golf course from tee to putting green

just beginning play on the third hole

also : the play on such a hole as a unit of scoring

won the hole by two strokes

5.

a. : an awkward position or circumstance : fix

got the rebels out of a hole at the battle — Kenneth Roberts

b. : a position of owing or losing money

$10 million in the hole

raising money to get out of the hole

- in the hole

II. verb

( holed ; hol·ing )

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

1. : to make a hole in

2. : to drive or hit into a hole

hole a putt

intransitive verb

: to make a hole in something

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.