Meaning of SINK in English

I. ˈsiŋk verb

( sank ˈsaŋk ; or sunk ˈsəŋk ; sunk ; sink·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English sincan; akin to Old High German sinkan to sink

Date: before 12th century

intransitive verb


a. : to go to the bottom : submerge

b. : to become partly buried (as in mud)

c. : to become engulfed



(1) : to fall or drop to a lower place or level

(2) : to flow at a lower depth or level

(3) : to burn with lower intensity

(4) : to fall to a lower pitch or volume

his voice sank to a whisper

b. : to subside gradually : settle

c. : to disappear from view

d. : to slope gradually : dip


a. : to soak or become absorbed : penetrate

b. : to become impressively known or felt

the lesson had sunk in

4. : to become deeply absorbed

sank into reverie


a. : to go downward in quality, state, or condition

b. : to grow less in amount or worth


a. : to fall or drop slowly for lack of strength

b. : to become depressed

c. : to fail in health or strength ; broadly : fail

transitive verb


a. : to cause to sink

sink a battleship

b. : to force down especially below the earth's surface

c. : to cause (something) to penetrate

2. : immerse , absorb

he sank himself into his studies


a. : to dig or bore (a well or shaft) in the earth : excavate

b. : to form by cutting or excising

sink words in stone

4. : to cast down or bring to a low condition or state : overwhelm , defeat

5. : to lower in standing or reputation : abase


a. : to lessen in value or amount

b. : to lower or soften (the voice) in speaking

7. : restrain , suppress

sink s her pride and approaches the despised neighbor — Richard Harrison

8. : to pay off (as a debt) : liquidate

9. : invest 1

10. : drop 7c

sink a putt

sink a jump shot

11. chiefly British : to drink down completely

• sink·able ˈsiŋ-kə-bəl adjective

- sink one's teeth into

II. noun

Date: 15th century


a. : a pool or pit for the deposit of waste or sewage : cesspool

b. : a ditch or tunnel for carrying off sewage : sewer

c. : a stationary basin connected with a drain and usually a water supply for washing and drainage

2. : a place where vice, corruption, or evil collects

3. : sump 3


a. : a depression in the land surface ; especially : one having a saline lake with no outlet

b. : sinkhole

5. : a body or process that acts as a storage device or disposal mechanism: as

a. : heat sink ; broadly : a device that collects or dissipates energy (as radiation)

b. : a reactant with or absorber of a substance

forests are a sink for carbon dioxide

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.