Meaning of SINK in English

SINK

/ sɪŋk; NAmE / verb , noun , adjective

■ verb

( sank / sæŋk; NAmE / sunk / sʌŋk; NAmE /) or ( less frequent sunk , sunk )

IN WATER / MUD, etc.

1.

[ v ] to go down below the surface or towards the bottom of a liquid or soft substance :

The ship sank to the bottom of the sea.

We're sinking!

The wheels started to sink into the mud.

to sink like a stone

BOAT

2.

[ vn ] to damage a boat or ship so that it goes below the surface of the sea, etc. :

a battleship sunk by a torpedo

FALL / SIT DOWN

3.

[ v + adv. / prep. ] ( of a person ) to move downwards, especially by falling or sitting down

SYN collapse :

I sank into an armchair.

She sank back into her seat, exhausted.

The old man had sunk to his knees .

MOVE DOWNWARDS

4.

[ v ] ( of an object ) to move slowly downwards :

The sun was sinking in the west.

The foundations of the building are starting to sink.

BECOME WEAKER

5.

[ v ] to decrease in amount, volume, strength, etc. :

The pound has sunk to its lowest recorded level against the dollar.

He is clearly sinking fast (= getting weaker quickly and will soon die) .

OF VOICE

6.

[ v ] to become quieter

SYN fade :

Her voice sank to a whisper.

DIG IN GROUND

7.

[ vn ] to make a deep hole in the ground

SYN drill :

to sink a well / shaft / mine

8.

[ vn ] to place sth in the ground by digging :

to sink a post into the ground

—see also sunken

PREVENT SUCCESS

9.

[ vn ] ( informal ) to prevent sb or sb's plans from succeeding :

I think I've just sunk my chances of getting the job.

If the car breaks down, we'll be sunk (= have serious problems) .

BALL

10.

[ vn ] to hit a ball into a hole in golf or snooker :

He sank a 12-foot putt to win the match.

ALCOHOL

11.

[ vn ] ( BrE , informal ) to drink sth quickly, especially a large amount of alcohol

IDIOMS

- be sunk in sth

- (like rats) deserting / leaving a sinking ship

- sink your differences

- a / that sinking feeling

- sink or swim

- sink so low | sink to sth

—more at heart

PHRASAL VERBS

- sink in | sink into sth

- sink into sth

- sink into sth | sink sth into sth

- sink sth into sth

■ noun

1.

a large open container in a kitchen that has taps / faucets to supply water and that you use for washing dishes in :

Don't just leave your dirty plates in the sink!

I felt chained to the kitchen sink (= I had to spend all my time doing jobs in the house) .

2.

( especially NAmE ) = washbasin

IDIOMS

see kitchen

■ adjective

[ only before noun ] ( BrE ) located in a poor area where social conditions are bad :

the misery of life in sink estates

a sink school

••

WORD ORIGIN

verb Old English sincan , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zinken and German sinken .

noun Middle English : from the verb sink .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.