Meaning of SYSTEM in English

SYSTEM

transcription, транскрипция: [ ˈsis-təm ]

noun

Etymology: Late Latin systemat-, systema, from Greek systēmat-, systēma, from synistanai to combine, from syn- + histanai to cause to stand — more at stand

Date: 1603

1. : a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming a unified whole

a number system

as

a.

(1) : a group of interacting bodies under the influence of related forces

a gravitational system

(2) : an assemblage of substances that is in or tends to equilibrium

a thermodynamic system

b.

(1) : a group of body organs that together perform one or more vital functions

the digestive system

(2) : the body considered as a functional unit

c. : a group of related natural objects or forces

a river system

d. : a group of devices or artificial objects or an organization forming a network especially for distributing something or serving a common purpose

a telephone system

a heating system

a highway system

a computer system

e. : a major division of rocks usually larger than a series and including all formed during a period or era

f. : a form of social, economic, or political organization or practice

the capitalist system

2. : an organized set of doctrines, ideas, or principles usually intended to explain the arrangement or working of a systematic whole

the Newtonian system of mechanics

3.

a. : an organized or established procedure

the touch system of typing

b. : a manner of classifying, symbolizing, or schematizing

a taxonomic system

the decimal system

4. : harmonious arrangement or pattern : order

bring system out of confusion — Ellen Glasgow

5. : an organized society or social situation regarded as stultifying or oppressive : establishment 2 — usually used with the

Synonyms: see method

• sys·tem·less -ləs adjective

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.